National girl child day is celebrated every year on 24th of January as a national observance day for the girl child. This celebration was started to offer more supports and new opportunities to the girls in the country. It is celebrated to increase the awareness among people about all the inequalities faced by the girl child in the society. Inequality about girl child is a vast problem which includes many areas like inequality in education, nutrition, legal rights, medical care, protection, honour, child marriage and so many.
- The Ministry also applauded the performance of females at the Olympics and Paralympics. It also highlighted the historic induction of the first female fighter pilots into the Indian Air Force.
- The event was attended by Avani Chaturvedi (Women Fighter Pilot), Arunima Sinha (First women amputee to climb Mount Everest), Deepa Malik (Silver medalist at Rio Paralympics 2016) and Shanno (Editor, Badhte Kadam).
- The occasion was also marked by the release of The National Plan of Action for Children 2016. The Ministry also felicitated 10 districts under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme for their exemplary performance.
- National girl child day has been started as a national girls development mission by the Government of India.
- National Girl Child Day celebration was started by the Women and Child Development Ministry since 2008 to celebrate as the national observance. Through this campaign, the Indian Government has highlighted the inequalities towards the girl in the Indian society.
- At this day, various advertisements are run by the government on the TV channels, local newspapers and radio stations and through the message of “Save the Girl Child”.
- This mission raises the awareness among people all over the country about the importance of girl’s promotion.
- It enhances the meaningful contribution of the girls in decision making processes through the active support of the parents and other community members.
- It is very necessary for the girls to get full potential, safe and enabling environment. They should be aware of all their legal rights and the facts of life. They should be aware that they have the good education, nutrition and health care rights.
- They should be well aware about legislations including Domestic Violence Act 2009, Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006 and Dowry Prohibition Act 2006 in order to get their proper rights and face all the challenges in life.
Objectives of Celebrating National Girl Child Day
- It is celebrated as a national observance to increase the consciousness of the people and offer new opportunities to the girl child in the society.
- To remove all the inequalities faced by the girl children of the Indian society.
- To make certain that every girl child is getting proper respect and value in the Indian society.
- To ensure that the girl children are getting their all the human rights in the country.
- To work against diminishing the child sex ratio in the India and change the people mind about the girl child.
- To initiate couple towards the girl child by increasing awareness about the importance and role of the girl child.
- To address the girl children issues associated to their health, respect, education, nutrition and etc.
- To propagate the gender equality among people in India.
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Scheme बेटी बचाओ, बेटी पढ़ाओ योजना
- Save girl child, educate girl child is a Government of India social campaign that aims to generate awareness and improve the efficiency of welfare services meant for girls. The scheme was launched with an initial corpus of ₹100 crore.
- According to census data, the child sex ratio (0–6 years) in India was 927 girls per 1,000 boys in 2001, which dropped drastically to 918 girls for every 1,000 boys in 2011. A 2012 UNICEF report ranked India 41st among 195 countries.
- Prime Minister Modi launched the programme on 22 January 2015 from Panipat, Haryana. The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme was introduced in October, 2014 to address the issue of declining child sex ratio (CSR).This is implemented through a national campaign and focused multi-sector action in 100 selected districts with low CSR, covering all States and UTs.
- It is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
- In August 2016, Olympics 2016 bronze medalist Sakshi Malik was made brand ambassador of the ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ initiative in Haryana.
- The hashtag #SelfieWithDaughter was promoted on social media in June 2015, which started when the sarpanch of the village Bibipur in Haryana took a selfie with his daughter and posted on Facebook on 19 June 2015.