30th Anniversary of Montreal protocol & 23rd World Ozone Day Celebrated
The 30th anniversary of the Montreal Protocol and 23rd World Ozone Day is being celebrated
The theme of the day is – “Caring for all life under the Sun”
- The pan-India awareness campaign launched by the Environment Ministry on the occasion. This campaign was among the most widespread engagements of the Ministry for awareness generation, carried out with the active partnership of States through schools and academic/research institutions spread across the country. The awareness campaign saw a participation of about 28 lakh students in more than 13, 000 schools and reached out to 214 districts across 16 states of the country.
- India gave a strong policy leadership during the negotiations for the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol. It is recognized that India played a crucial role in the adoption of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.
- A series of publications launched during the occasion include – a handbook on HCFC Phase-out and Energy Efficiency in Buildings; the first edition of ‘news TRAC and a newsletter for service technicians in Refrigeration and Air-conditioning (RAC) sector.
- These two publications were launched as part of the enabling component of India’s HCFC Phase out Management Plan, for which United Nations Environment is the cooperating agency and Energy Efficiency Services Ltd. and The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) are the national implementing partners.
- Two videos on India’s achievements in implementation of Montreal Protocol and HCFCs phase-out and Energy Efficiency in buildings were also launched.
- The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer) is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion. It was agreed on 16 September 1987, and entered into force on 1 January 1989.
- The year 2017 marks the 30th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The Montreal Protocol is one of the most successful global environmental treaties, the implementation of which has not only led to the phase-out of around 98% of ozone depleting chemicals, but also averted more than 135 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions.
- The Montreal Protocol is the only environmental treaty which enjoys universal ratification of 197 UN member countries.
- During the Kigali negotiations, India piloted the concept of two base lines and a differentiated phased down time schedule to factor in the needs of developing countries.
- This was the first time in the Montreal Protocol that the concept of two baseline has been adopted both for developed and developing countries. On India’s initiative, energy efficiency was included for the first time in the Montreal Protocol as an agreed finance solution while phasing down HFCs.