Air pollution causes 30 per cent premature deaths in India: Report 2016

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Air pollution causes 30 per cent premature deaths in the country, a report released on Monday by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has revealed.

It found that over 61 per cent of all deaths in India were attributed to lifestyle or non-communicable diseases (NCDs).

Four major risk factors for NCDs

Alcohol,

tobacco,

poor diet intake

lack of physical activity

By investing just $1-3 per person per year, countries can dramatically reduce illness and death from NCDs

Facts

  • Every third child in Delhi has impaired lungs due to the high level of pollutants that are present in the city’s air
  • According to the report, a crucial link exists between the environment and health, some of them yet-unexplored such as the connection between air pollution and mental health
  • The report also investigates and exposes the new and emerging environmental triggers of non-communicable diseases (NCDs)
  • According to the report, more than 61 per cent of all deaths in India are due to lifestyle or NCDs
  • By the year 2020, more than 1.73 million new cancer cases will most likely be recorded where the ‘primary triggers’ would be air pollution, tobacco, alcohol and diet change
  • The seven major health problems in India include obesity, mental health, cancer, heart diseases, respiratory diseases, hormonal disorders and food allergies
  • Every 12th Indian is a diabetic, making India the second most diabetic country in the world

Premature death

Death that occurs before the average age of death in a certain population. In the United States, the average age of death is about 75 years. Smoking cigarettes and being exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke are leading causes of premature death in the United States. They can increase the risk of cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung disease, and many other health problems. Other causes of premature death are injuries and suicide.

Indoor air pollution

It refers to the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of air in the indoor environment within a home, building, or an institution or commercial facility. Indoor air pollution is a concern in the developed countries, where energy efficiency improvements sometimes make houses relatively airtight, reducing ventilation and raising pollutant levels. Indoor air problems can be subtle and do not always produce easily recognized impacts on health. Different conditions are responsible for indoor air pollution in the rural areas and the urban areas.

Indoor Air Pollution and Health

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) refers to the air quality within and around buildings and structures, especially as it relates to the health and comfort of building occupants. Understanding and controlling common pollutants indoors can help reduce your risk of indoor health concerns.

Health effects from indoor air pollutants may be experienced soon after exposure or, possibly, years later.

Pollutant SourcesImage result for indoor pollution

There are many sources of indoor air pollution. These can include

  • Fuel-buring combustion appliances
  • Tobacco products
  • Building materials and furnishings as diverse as:
    • Deteriorated asbestos-containing insulation
    • Newly installed flooring, upholstery or carpet
    • Cabinetry or furniture made of certain pressed wood products
  • Products for household cleaning and maintenance, personal care, or hobbies
  • Central heating and cooling systems and humidification devices
  • Excess moisture
  • Outdoor sources such as:
    • Radon
    • Pesticides
    • Outdoor air pollution.

How to reduce indoor air pollution

  • Avoid smoking indoors (quitting smoking is the best answer for overall health)
  • Use craft supplies in well-ventilated areas
  • Make sure your gas stove is well-ventilated
  • Minimize clutter
  • Remove carpeting if possible
  • Use a dehumidifier and/or air conditioner to reduce moisture
  • Keep trash covered to avoid attracting pests
  • Remove shoes at the door
  • Have car emissions tested regularly
  • Minimize air freshener use
  • Test your home for radon
  • Use carbon monoxide detectors
  • Fix water leaks
  • Dust surfaces and vacuum frequently
  • Wash bedding weekly in hot water
  • Make sure exhaust fans are functioning in your bathrooms and kitchen
  • Keep a lid on scented candles

 

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