CAO Daily Editorial analysis for UPSC IAS 01st-December, 2017

Current Affairs Only Daily Editorial Analysis for Competitive Exams


01st Dec, 2017

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Dealing with data {Digitalization}

(The Hindu)


Context

This article talks about vulnerability of data and for framing laws for protecting it

What do is data of an individual?

Data is distinct pieces of information, usually formatted in a special way.

In simple words it can be explained as information of an individual based on specific parameters e.g. Name, DOB, gender, address, physical appearance, images etc. These all can be counted as data of an individual

How can it be beneficial?

  • Know about them

You can easily know about of him/her information

  • Emergency use

Emergency time can use it if any kind of proof id when he/she is not present if they asking help from others.

  • Protect

One person can protect from someone for specific reason such as criminal case.

  • Identity

Unique identity can protect you, when you are involving unknown actions.

  • Avoidance of copy

if they have kept the information of group of people,avoidance the duplication of members to make them illegal action against the master copy

  • Watchdog

its process useful to catch the information about a person.

How it can be dangerous to society?

  • Not-secure

if any server problem there is totally has collapsed.

  • Leaks of the information

Leaking the privacy data which advantage taken by the stranger.

  • Proper maintenance

Check frequently whether there is any change or alternation of the data.

  • More technical knowledge

Have to known about technical matters handle out when face the problem in the system

  • Technology expertise

Hackers/Thief can hack and use the information.

  • Confinement/Slave

When once personal data has given/taken by the someone that the time from that person has to be feel like a prison or slave to that person.

  • Hit the freedom

A person is always depending on matters of movement.

  • Fear

Feel likes what happen on next or tomorrow/future whether kept the privacy matters by someone

 India does not have any specific law for data protection

Section 43A of the Information Technology Act provides a measure of legal protection of personal information.

In 2012, the Justice A.P. Shah Committee recommended a set of principles for a legal framework for protecting privacy.

Drawn from OECD guidelines, these principles were centred on sufficient notice and disclosure to citizens when data are collected, limitations on data collection and use, and norms related to data security and accountability.

The Srikrishna Committee’s major principles

  • It wants the law to be technology-agnostic and enshrine the principle of informed consent.
  • It favours data minimisation and accountability of those who process and control data.
  • It privileges a holistic approach as the law would apply to both government and private entities, but with “differential obligations”.
  • This is where the law requires careful drafting and strictly defined concepts.
  • It is legitimate to collect personal data in the public interest, but this information should be protected and used only for the purposes it was collected.

The law must provide for a suitably empowered statutory authority to enforce its promised protection to citizens’ data.


Responsibility without power {Governance}

(Indian Express)


Context

This article explains the problem of jurisdictional conflicts between Delhi’s elected government and the lieutenant governor (LG).

Issue is attributed in Article 239 AA

  • The laws relevant to understanding the relation between the Lieutenant Governor and the Chief Minister in Delhi are Article 239AA of the Constitution, the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991 (GNCT Act), the rules formulated under this Act (Transaction of Business Rules), and the relevant judicial pronouncements.
  •  Article 239, which deals with Union Territories, does not apply to Delhi. Instead, Delhi is governed by Articles 239AA and 239AB, introduced by a constitutional amendment in 1991.
  • A popularly elected assembly, a council of ministers responsible to the assembly, a certain demarcation of responsibilities between the LG and the council of ministers, a method for resolving the difference of opinion between the council of ministers and the LG are the main features of this arrangement.

This special set up worked well — at least on the surface — with the chief minister and the LG hiding their dislike for each other successfully.

Highlights

  • The union territory of Delhi be called NCT (National Capital Territory) of Delhi, and will be under the Lieutenent Governor. Apart from this, a legislative assembly will be set up (with caste based reservations).

    Reason: It is natural that Delhi must not remain a union territory, because, apart from the size of Delhi, it is more than a UT, it is a megacity (poised to become one of the most populated and populated cities of the world!). So, they conferred it NCT status, and granted setting up of a assembly so that the MLAs can legislate.

  • Provisions of public order, police and land (which are under the jurisdiction of the states in India) is not under the jurisdiction of the Delhi government, but is with the centre.

    Reason: This is to minimize the clashes between the centre and Delhi govt. in case opposing governments form

  • There shall be a CM, council of ministers, and etc. which are common to states of India. there’s nothing special here, except the fact that Delhi is treated like a state, not a union territory (which it once was). All this is done to ease administration and accountability.

Article 239 AB (a)

 It says “if the administration of the National Capital Territory cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of Article 239 AA,” the president can dismiss the council of ministers.

So, the council of ministers is responsible for Delhi’s administration and if it fails in its functions, it will be removed by the president.


Indian economy no longer dependent on the oxygen of govt support

{Indian Economy}

(LiveMint)


Context

September quarter GDP data shows that the non-government, non-farm part of the economy did rather well, growing by 6.8% in the quarter

Economy rise and fallWe knew from the strain on government finances and its rising fiscal deficit that it couldn’t keep up its level of support for the Indian economy.

  • The rate of growth of government expenditure fell sharply in the September quarter.
  • Agricultural growth had a high base last year and it too decelerated. What is heartening is that the non-government, non-farm part of the economy did rather well, growing by 6.8% in the September quarter, compared to 5.5% in the June quarter and a paltry 3.8% in the March quarter.
  • Growth in manufacturing is 7%.

This part of the economy grew at a higher rate in the September 2017 quarter, compared to the September 2016 quarter.

  •  In the services sector, as mentioned, the contribution of the government has been lower.

Way forward

  • Government expenditure will be constrained even further for the rest of the fiscal year, so the boost has to come from the private sector.
  • The slowdown in private sector services is also a problem.
  • The manufacturing sector did well during the September quarter, but we need to see how much of that is due to a restocking bounce.
  • Exports should do much better, as they recover from the problems they faced with GST and because global trade is reviving.
  • And the favourable base effect will continue to help with the growth optics, particularly in the March quarter.

 Basics

A deficit is the opposite of a surplus: the amount by which a resource falls short of a mark. Most often used to describe a difference between cash inflows and outflows, it is synonymous with shortfall or loss – the amount by which expenses or costs exceed income or revenues.

Budget Deficits

A budget deficit refers to the balance sheet of a business or, more commonly, a government. It indicates that the entity’s revenues are lower than its expenditures. Let’s say a small country has $10 billion worth of revenue for a year and its expenditures were at $12 billion for that same year. It would be running a deficit of $2 billion.


 

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