CAO Daily Editorial analysis for UPSC IAS 02-November, 2017

Current Affairs Only Daily Editorial Analysis for Competitive Exams


02 November, 2017

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A list to move on with {Social issue}

(The Hindu)


Context

This article explains issues regarding sexual harassment its boundaries and resolution

The definition of harassment needs to be constantly updated, and the process for justice made more robust

Sexual harassment

Sexual harassment is unwelcome sexual behaviour that’s offensive, humiliating or intimidating. It can be written, verbal or physical, and can happen in person or online.

Both men and women can be the victims of sexual harassment. When it happens at work, school, it may amount to sex discrimination.

Sexual harassment can include someone

 

  • touching, grabbing or making other physical contact with you without your consent
  • making comments to you that have a sexual meaning
  • asking you for sex or sexual favours
  • leering and staring at you
  • displaying rude and offensive material so that you or others can see it
  • making sexual gestures or suggestive body movements towards you
  • cracking sexual jokes and comments around or to you
  • questioning you about your sex life
  • insulting you with sexual comments
  • committing a criminal offence against you, such as making an obscene phone call, indecently exposing themselves or sexually assaulting you.

When does sexual harassment become sexual assault?

If someone is sexually harassing you in a way that causes you to feel humiliation, pain, fear or intimidation, then this can be considered sexual assault. If you believe you’ve been sexually assaulted, you may want to find out more about what this means as well as the support options available to you.

Trending cases

Two Oscar-winning actors, a Hollywood filmmaker and a senior US news editor are the latest high-profile figures has been accused of sexual harassment.

The actors Kevin Spacey and Dustin Hoffman have been accused of sexual misconduct.

In Pakistan this week, the Oscar-winning film-maker, Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy, complained online about a doctor sending her sister a Facebook friend request after she consulted him for a treatment. Her tweet went viral and the doctor was suspended from duty.

Fixing the process

  • Get together with human resources, union leaders, and write a firm policy banning sexual harassment. Make it clear that management holds itself responsible for preventing sexual harassment within the company.
  • Define sexual harassment broadly. Prohibit illegal sexual discrimination; unwelcome advances; requests for sexual favors; and any verbal, visual, or physical conduct of a sexual nature in the workplace.
  • Ban the requirement of submission to any sexual conduct as a term or condition of employment, or used as a basis for any employment decisions.
  • Ban all behavior that has the purpose or effect of interfering with an individual’s work performance, or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment.
  • Include examples of sexual harassment, but state that the list of examples is not intended to be all-inclusive.

Keep The Army Out Of It {Governance}

(Indian Express)


Context

Diversion of the armed forces for routine civilian tasks has long-term costs

Why in news?

Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced that the army would be used for constructing three railway footbridges, including the ill-fated Elphinstone Bridge where several pedestrians lost their lives four weeks ago.

Deployment of Army for ConstructionImage result for indian army working for bridge

  • In 1953, following riots against Ahmadiyyas, martial law was imposed in Lahore. After bringing the law and order situation under control, the Pakistan army proceeded to launch the “Cleaner Lahore Campaign”. This initiative created a positive image of army efficiency, besides reinforcing its ability to restore a situation caused by the failure of civil administration.
  • Such employment is an acknowledgement of civilian institutional failure to the larger public, and reinforces the belief that only the army can provide an effective substitute.
  • . By 1958, even that illusion had been shattered as Ayub Khan became the military dictator of Pakistan.
  • Before the 1962 war, soldiers were growing crops in vast swathes of military lands and recently, the army was asked to clean the trash left behind by civilian tourists as part of the Swachh Bharat campaign.
  • In India, 4 Infantry Division under the command of Major General B.M. Kaul was undertaking the construction of 1,450 barracks and family accommodation in Ambala using troop labour.

Consequences

By end-1959, 4 Infantry Division was moved to NEFA (now Arunachal Pradesh) and when India and China went to war in October-November 1962, it faced the brunt of Chinese assault and suffered a humiliating loss. The 4 Corps was commanded by Kaul.

These two incidents are not directly linked but both hold lessons to be kept in mind while employing soldiers for routine civilian tasks.

 The government must also realise the institutional dangers inherent in employing soldiers in non-emergency civilian duties.

An unthinking diversion of the armed forces for routine civilian tasks seems highly affordable but has long-term costs for the country.


Complex regulations limiting progress in ease of doing business ranking {Economic Policy}

(LiveMint)


Context

India’s surge in ease of business rankings is commendable. But the real test will be revival of private investment, and other reforms.

In news

Complex regulations at the municipal level in Delhi and Mumbai on parameters such as starting a business, dealing with construction permits and registering property continue to dog India’s ease of doing business rankings.

India saw its steepest fall in ranking in “registering property”, to 154 from 138 last year as the number of procedures, time and cost increased.

The cost of registering a property as a percentage of property value in Delhi (9.1%) is higher than Mumbai (7.6%) as against 4.2% in developed countries

With a weightage of 53% and 47% respectively, the bank takes these two cities to be representative samples for India.

 How can ease of business doing be boosted?

  •  The bank notes that though India has reduced the time needed to register a new business to 30 days now, from 127 days 15 years ago, the number of procedures is still cumbersome for local entrepreneurs who need to go through 12 to start a business in Mumbai against 11 in New Delhi.
  • This is considerably higher than high-income countries where it takes five procedures on average.
  • Though central regulations such as the Companies Act, 2013, play a major role in starting a business, state and local level regulations have played a role in India’s dip in rankings in this parameter to 156.

The Companies Act

The Companies Act, 2013 passed by the Parliament has received the assent of the President of India on 29th August, 2013. The Act consolidates and amends the law relating to companies. The Companies Act, 2013 has been notified in the Official Gazette on 30th August, 2013. Some of the provisions of the Act have been implemented by a notification published on 12th September, 2013. The provisions of Companies Act, 1956 is still in force

The provisions of this Act shall apply to—

(a) companies incorporated under this Act or under any previous company law;

(b) insurance companies, except in so far as the said provisions are inconsistent

with the provisions of the Insurance Act, 1938 or the Insurance Regulatory and

Development Authority Act, 1999;

(c) banking companies, except in so far as the said provisions are inconsistent

with the provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949;

(d) companies engaged in the generation or supply of electricity, except in so far

as the said provisions are inconsistent with the provisions of the Electricity Act, 2003;

(e) any other company governed by any special Act for the time being in force,

except in so far as the said provisions are inconsistent with the provisions of such

special Act; and

(f) such body corporate, incorporated by any Act for the time being in force, as

the Central Government may, by notification, specify in this behalf, subject to such

exceptions, modifications or adaptation, as may be specified in the notification.

 


 

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