CAO Daily Editorial analysis for UPSC IAS 06-October, 2017

Current Affairs Only Daily Editorial Analysis for Competitive Exams


6th October, 2107

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 Protecting street vendors (The Hindu)


Context

This article explains right of vendors in our society according to Indian constitution

Why in news?

On October 4, hawkers near Mumbai’s Haji Ali Dargah complained to the Supreme Court that the authorities, in the name of removing encroachments, were trying to drive them out from those areas.

Vendor

A vendor, also known as a supplier, is a person or a business entity that sells something. Large retail stores such as Target, for example, generally have a list of vendors from which they purchase goods at wholesale that they sell at retail to their customers. Vendors can also sell directly to the customer, as seen with street vendors and food trucks. In addition, a vendor can act as a business-to-business (B2B) sales organization that provides parts for another business to make an end product.

Street Vendor

According to government Street vendors are often those who are unable to get regular jobs in the remunerative formal sector on account of their low level of education and skills. They try to solve their livelihood issues through their meagre financial resources and sweat equity in a harassment-free atmosphere.

(Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Bill, 2014

The Provisions of the Bill are aimed at creating a conducive atmosphere where street vendors, are able to carry out their business in a fair and transparent manner, without the fear of harassment and eviction.

  • The Bill provides for constitution of a Town Vending Authority in each Local Authority, which is the fulcrum of the Bill, for implementing the provisions of the Bill.
  • In order to ensure participatory decision making for aspects relating to street vending activities like determination of natural market, identification of vending zones, preparation of street vending plan, survey of street vendors etc.
  • To avoid arbitrariness of authorities, the law had provided for a survey of all existing street vendors, and a subsequent survey at least once every five years, and issue of certificates of vending to all the street vendors identified in the survey, with preference to SC, ST, OBC, women, persons with disabilities and minorities.
  • It said no street vendor would be evicted until the survey was completed and certificate of vending issued.

Background

Considering the significant contribution made by street vendors to the urban society, and to enable them to earn a decent livelihood through creation of conditions for decent work, without causing obstruction to the public and to reflect the spirit of the Constitution of India on the right of citizens to equal protection before the law as well as their right to practice any profession, occupation, trade or business, the Government of India revised the National Policy on Urban Street Vendors, 2004  and brought out the National Policy on Urban Street Vendors, 2009.


Tri-service integration or consolidation? ( The Hindu)


Context

This article expresses its view on integration or consolidation of all defence services in India

Why in news?

Last week, addressing the 14th Subroto Mukerjee seminar organised by the Centre for Air Power Studies and the Indian Air Force, Vice Chief of Air Staff, Air Marshal S.B. Deo, said jointmanship was also about optimal utilisation of resources. “Ours is a growing country, our budget is limited.

We cannot afford duplicating capabilities,” he said. “We cannot have an Air Force with the Army, an Air Force with the Navy and another Air Force.”

Army’s Chiefs view

Army Chief General Bipin Rawat gave a peek into his idea of tri-service integration when he said that the “supremacy and primacy of the Army in a joint services environment” should be maintained.

“The other services, the Navy and Air Force, will play a very major role in support of the Army which will be operating on the ground because no matter what happens, we may be dominating the seas or the air, but finally war will be to ensure territorial integrity of the nation.

Issues

Another round of inter-service turf war and further delay several important decisions on tri-service integration such as the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS), specialised commands for cyber, space and Special Forces

 Union Cabinet declaration

  • Union Cabinet had cleared 65 of 99 recommendations, all related to the Army, of the Lt General D.B. Shekatkar Committee.
  • The remaining 34 recommendations pertaining to the tri-services, in addition to the Navy and Air Force, are to be taken up soon.
  • Among them is a proposal on the appointment of a single point military adviser to the Prime Minister on strategic issues

Issues in the Current System in India

  • The higher defense management in India is currently along the lines of the Joint Chief of Staff model of the USA, with the senior most chief (Army, Navy and Air force) appointed as Chairman JSOC. The Defense Secretary acts as an interface between the armed forces and the political executive.
  • One up man ship games played by the permanent executive like placing the service Chiefs at a level lower than Cabinet Secretary Rank results in unnecessary protocol and ego issues thereby lowering the overall efficiency.
  • The problem with the existing separate military headquarters is that there is a turf war between the three wings with each seeing things with its own perspective and requirement.

What is the CDS model?

  • The CDS model envisages a close degree of coordination and synergy among the tri services by appointing a person who would be the head of military operations and the most senior advisor to the government on all matters related to the military.
  • The charter of CDS will be the coordination of cyber and space functions, rationalizing the capabilities of individual services, and plans and procurements for force development which consider fiscal resources and optimization of logistics.
  • The government envisages the PP COSC as having a two-year tenure and an equivalence in rank and protocol with the service chiefs.

Advantages of CDS model?

  • The three Armed Forces function largely as separate executive entities without adequate coordination. The Integrated Defense Staff Headquarters (HQ IDS) set up, based on the GOM recommendations in 2001, in the absence of the CDS – i.e. its head, has no effective powers to coordinate the functioning of the three, as a cumulative, integrated structure for optimized pay-offs.
  • Policy-making on operations, procurement and joint logistics proposals therefore either gets delayed or stuck, without justification and accountability in the absence of background knowledge. This is worrying as the security environment in India’s neighborhood is rapidly deteriorating.
  • Current structure in India is that The senior most Service chief holds the post of Chairman Chief of Staff Committee  is inadequate Since he has dual role as he is also the Chief of his own service Combined responsibility is not only overwhelming, often resulting in neglect and delay, but it can also place two roles in conflict. Appointing either the CDS or Permanent Chairman COSC would separate the two roles and bring the requisite professional focus to each

Limitations of the proposed CDS Model?

  • The whole idea behind appointing a PC COSC is to break down silos within armed forces and create synergy in the fighting force. However how can the  proposed PC COSC bring synergy within the three services when he has no operational powers over the military?
  • As and when the CDS is established, he will have equal voting rights as the service chiefs, and where two service chiefs don’t agree, the MoD will arbitrate”. Now if a CDS is to be a “single point advisor”, where is the question of two chiefs not agreeing?

Does India need a bullet train? (The Hindu)


Context

In this article author has criticized the idea of bullet train in India from Ahmadabad to Mumbai

Authors view

The Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train is a vanity project which has little or no justification on the grounds of economic viability or public service.

Grounds of her view

  • Japan’s pioneering Shinkansen, which connects Tokyo to Osaka, passes through the biggest industrial and commercial centres, caters to almost 50% of Japan’s population
  • South Korea’s Seoul-Busan HSR caters to almost 70% of the population, yet struggles with viability.
  • Taiwan’s $14 billion HSR service between Taipei and Tainan virtually became bankrupt after losses of over $1 billion
  • Argentina gave up on HSR ambitions on cost grounds.
  • Even the U.S. is tentatively initiating a San Francisco-Los Angeles corridor, and is still unsure about the densely populated industrial-commercial Philadelphia-Boston-New York-Washington DC corridor.

Subsidies for the rich

  • The Mumbai-Ahmedabad HSR costs around Rs. 1 lakh crore. Estimates in the project report by the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad show that at least 1 lakh passengers at fares of Rs. 4,000-Rs. 5,000 would be required daily for the project to break even
  • The tariff is too high — air fares between the two cities are around Rs. 2,500. Subsidies appear inevitable.
  • Japanese funding at 0.1% interest with a 15-year moratorium is “almost free.” Many business analysts have pointed out that the repayment amount will amount to Rs. 1.5 lakh crore over 20 years allowing for exchange rates and comparative inflation.

Demerits have been covered in this articleImage result for bullet train issues

Few Cons

  • Mumbai is the financial capital of India and Ahmedabad is one of the most emerging city from business point of view which creates a high chance of the success for this bullet train in India. The project is estimated to double its revenue in the next twenty years after its completion.
  • There will be creation of new jobs via this project.
  • The bullet trains are very eco- friendly and do not harm the nature.
  • All those who fear to travel in air can travel easily maintaining the same type of royalty.
  • There will be a new mode of transportation in India and somewhere its a matter of pride too for Indians.
  • Learning technology India has already proved as a quick learner of computing, nuclear and space technologies that all came through overseas investments. As India learned the production cost came down quite quickly
  • Bringing Japan and India closer Japan and India have a huge potential to collaborate and this deal could kickstart the process, just as the Maruti Suzuki 3 decades ago helped India become a player in the automotive business. In the 80s people questioned the need for an auto plant in a poor country. We have come a long way from the Maruti 800.
  • A flight serves destination to destination. The bullet train will serve 12 stations in between. With 12 stations on the route having high speed connectivity, the entire stretch will develop as an economic corridor. 

SBI readies 3-year blueprint to tackle NPAs, boost loan growth (Livemint)


Why in news?

State Bank of India (SBI) will prepare a blueprint for the next three years that would include targets and benchmarks mainly related to asset quality, credit growth, digitization and human resources management

Current status of SBI

  • Currently, like most of its peers, SBI’s profitability is under strain because of bad loans and sluggish credit growth, and resolving both these issues are Kumar’s top priorities.
  • At the end of June, the bank was weighed down by gross non-performing loans of Rs1.88 trillion or almost one-tenth of its total advances.
  • SBI is also the lead bank in a majority of the 40 cases referred for bankruptcy proceedings at the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT).

Highlights

  • The bank will also continue its focus on digitisation as well as on various initiatives on human resources (HR)
  • SBI undergoing digital transformation and readying the bank for the future
  • SBI wants to implement a big data lake—a one-point data processing and storing warehouse, where vast pools of data, including that generated on its social media platforms, will be analysed to enhance customer offerings.

 

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