CAO Daily Editorial analysis for UPSC IAS 11-October, 2017

Current Affairs Only Daily Editorial Analysis for Competitive Exams


11th October, 2107

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Is ‘deep sea fishing’ the silver bullet? (The Hindu)


Context

The Palk Bay conflict requires a multi-dimensional approach

Why in news?

On September 8, the Tamil Nadu Fisheries University (TNFU) organised a one-day workshop in Chennai on deep sea fishing, the aim being to promote deep sea fishing as an alternative to trawling in the Palk Bay.

Palk Bay conflict

The Palk Bay region, separates the coastal regions of Tamil Nadu from northern parts of Sri Lanka.

Fishing conflicts in the Indo-Sri Lankan waters in the Palk Bay have worsened leading to arrest, detention and even death of Indian fishermen.

The indiscriminate expansion of fishing capacity in the Indian waters is the root of the problem.

Main issue

  • The Indian trawlers employ large nets that sweep the ocean floor, trapping not only non-target organisms, but also a lot of young fish too.
  • This affects the breeding cycle, and has led to the depletion of marine resources in Indian seas. Sri Lankan fishermen now fear the same depletion will occur in their waters if trawling continues.
  • Northern Province’s population — who depend on fisheries for their income, fishermen like him living in Mannar and Jaffna are among the worst-hit by the Indian trawlers.

A slippery slope Image result for palk strait

Administrators and scientists alike have raised questions. First, are there sufficient stocks of fish in the adjacent waters of the Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mannar to make deep sea fishing economically viable for a large and new fleet of vessels? And do Palk Bay trawl fishers, who are used to one-day fishing, have sufficient skills and an interest for deep sea fishing?

For trawl fishers, the main concern is whether deep sea fishing is a sound investment or not. Some fishermen have expressed doubts about the high operational costs of deep sea fishing and the loan repayment schedule imposed by the Pandyan Grama Bank.

Measure

  • The goal of the current process is to work out an agreement that reduces the use of force against Indian fishermen straying near or into Sri Lankan waters, and streamlining judicial procedures so that Sri Lanka can respond to fishing violations by Indian fishermen in a manner agreeable to the government of Tamil Nadu.
  • The Joint Working Group on the fishing issue should be composed of central government officials from both countries and individuals representing the fishermen’s interest.
  • of Tamil Nadu should initiate certain policies so as to ensure, foster and protect the interest of Tamil fishermen without depriving the livelihood of Sri Lankan fishermen.
  • Strong and robust diplomatic response is needed, considering that Tamil Nadu has to necessarily think of deep sea fishing in its pursuit of a long-term solution to the Palk Bay Crisis.

‘Focus should be on scaling up the use of innovations’

(The Hindu)


Why in news?

Soumya Swaminathan’s recent elevation to the post of Deputy Director-General for Programmes (DDP) at the World Health Organisation (WHO)

Her focus areas as DDG

  • The focus should be on bringing affordable, quality healthcare and scaling up the use of innovations. that are happening mostly in the private sector, among entrepreneurs and start-ups in India. There is a huge amount of innovation in devices, diagnostics, sensors, and drug delivery systems.
  • One of the new aspects of work would be to look at how we look at all these innovations across the world, how we evaluate them, how we create some benchmarks and validate them, and work them into large-scale production and use.
  • Emerging epidemics will have to be a key aspect. Vector-borne diseases are a serious concern for the entire developing world.

 ICMR Chief Soumya Swaminathan Appointed WHO Deputy Director General

Renowned for TB work

Dr. Swaminathan is a paediatrician and a globally-recognised researcher on tuberculosis and HIV, who has over 30 years of experience in clinical care and research. From 2009 to 2011, according to the WHO, she also served as Coordinator of the UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) in Geneva.


View From The Right: Kashmir attack (Indian Express)


Context

This article deals with terrorism across the globe

Why in news?

The attack on the Border Security Force camp near the Srinagar airport on October 3

It says that the attack demonstrates the desperation of “jihadis”.

Views of Panchjanya ( is an Indian weekly )

  • It says the recent activity of the National Investigating Agency against separatist leaders has also been effective.
  • this is the only government that is not only willing to touch separatist forces but has revealed their dark activities.
  • This has shut up the separatists, and the effect can be seen across the valley as the incidents including stone-pelting have reduced compared to earlier.

Reason behind these attacks

the attack on the BSF camp is a sign of both the increasing brazenness of the terrorists and the careless vigil on part of security forces.

Struck by controls on their funding sources and by losing top militants, different terrorist groups can come together leading to a big attack, it says.

“Islamic mania”, the cause of international terrorism, is a problem and neither can the Kashmir incident, nor can the incidents across the globe be seen in isolation.

 


 

 

 

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