CAO Daily Editorial analysis for UPSC IAS 13th-January, 2018

Current Affairs Only Daily Editorial Analysis for Competitive Exams


13th Jan, 2018

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The ghosts of Adichanallur  {Art & Culture}

(The Hindu)


Context

Adichanallur in southern Tamil Nadu has been an active playground of archaeologists and anthropologists for more than 150 years. M. Kalyanaraman reports on the possible implications of recent research on skeletal remains and artefacts that suggest an ancient Tamil civilisation of great sophistication and antiquity.

Recent founding

The four excavations in Adichanallur — by a German, a Frenchman, the British, and finally by Indians — have unearthed hundreds of burial urns, most likely several thousands of years old, along with skeletal remains and thousands of iron and bronze artefacts, including weapons and gold jewellery.

The recent discovery of an urban settlement in Keezhadi, in Sivaganga district, dates back to the Sangam era (300 BC to 300 AD).

The skeletal remains excavated at Adichanallur did not quite match the biological structure of the contemporary Tamil people. For instance, the jaws of many of the skulls were protruding, and appeared to match those of Australian aborigines or Black Africans rather than a typical Tamil or south Indian.

The most recent Adichanallur excavations in 2004-05, led by Mr. Satyamurthy, showed that Adichanallur, besides being an Iron Age burial site, was also a ‘habitation site’ where ancient people lived.

Background

At Adichanallur, arsenic was deliberately added to copper so that the alloy could be work-hardened over a wide range of temperatures without fear of embrittlement. Among the ancients in India, this technique has been found only in the Indus Valley, besides Adichanallur.

Awaiting closure

170 skeletal remains studied, Caucasoid constituted 35%, Mongoloid 30%, Negroid 14%, Australoid 5%, Dravidian 8%, and mixed traits 8%. He says that the Australoid were likely contemporary Australian aborigines who were known to have had seafaring qualities.

Modern anthropologists frown upon any significance being attached to race, save for the purposes of reconstructing history. The present belief is that there are four races: Australoid, Negroid, Caucasoid and Mongoloid.

Adichanallur

Adichanallur is an archaeological site In Thoothukudi district in Tamil Nadu, India. The town is known locally as Aathichanallur, and has been the site of a number of very important archaeological finds. Korkai the capital of the Early Pandyan Kingdom is located about 15 km from Adichanallur.


The duty of the young {Ethics}

(Indian Express)


Context

Since the politicians would do nothing to inform the youth about the socio-economic problems facing the nation today and only exploit them, it is the responsibility of civil society organisations and the media to educate young people.

National Youth Day

  • Swami Vivekananda’s birth anniversary, also called Swami Vivekananda Jayanti, is celebrated on January 12. The day is also observed as National Youth Day.
  • The government said that “the philosophy of Swamiji and the ideals for which he lived and worked could be a great source of inspiration for the Indian youth” and since then, Swami Vivekananda’s birth anniversary is being celebrated as National Youth Day.
  • National Youth Day is celebrated across India in schools and colleges and programmes like processions, speeches, recitations, music, youth conventions, seminars, sports competitions are held on this day.

Role of youth in shaping better India

National Youth Day is celebrated across India in schools and colleges and programmes like processions, speeches, recitations, music, youth conventions, seminars, sports competitions are held on this day.

The right to vote

It is not just a right enjoyed by every individual over the age of 18, it is also a responsibility to make an informed and responsible choice and to bring to power the most well-suited candidate.

For a long time, there has been a trend to vote for people who give the maximum amount of freebies in return.

Changes required

  • Instead of following this path, the youth must make a conscious decision to vote on the basis of the agenda of the candidates and their past work.
  • Youth, who should be the most important participants in the Indian democracy, are mostly absent from the daily discourse on democracy.

 

 

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