CAO Daily Editorial analysis for UPSC IAS 14th-January, 2018

Current Affairs Only Daily Editorial Analysis for Competitive Exams

14th Jan, 2018


Feeling SAD? Blame it on the winter {Health Issue}

(The Hindu)


The cold months mean sunlight deprivation for some, which can trigger seasonal affective disorder, a form of depression


SAD occurs in climates where there is less sunlight at certain times of the year. Sometimes, it is mistaken to be a “lighter” version of depression, which is untrue. It is a different version of the same illness and people with SAD are just as ill as people with major depression, according to psychiatrists.

In India, more than 10 million people experience similar or the same symptoms of this usually self-diagnosable ailment called Seasonal affective disorder (SAD).

“SAD is not a separate entity of depression but should be seen as a sub-type. This is prevalent in people who are already under the spectrum of depression.


fatigue, depression, a feeling of hopelessness and social withdrawal.


The dip in mood apart, they also perceive and have an increased need for sleep and food, particularly carbohydrates, which can eventually lead to weight gain

Start & end

SAD generally starts in late fall and early winter and goes away during spring and summer. Depressive episodes linked to summer can occur, but are much rarer than winter episodes.


  • A few ways in which people can prevent winter depression include ensuring a healthy and balanced diet.
  •  Staying well hydrated is key during the winter months since it gives you more energy, mental clarity and an enhanced digestive function.
  •  Getting enough sunlight and engaging in regular outdoor physical exercise are also important.
  • “People have the tendency to isolate themselves from everyone during the winter months.


Treatment for SAD involves enough light exposure, artificial light exposure, sun therapy and drugs, if needed. Artificial light exposure is effective but may take four to six weeks to see a response, although some patients improve within days. Therapy is continued until sufficient and daily natural sunlight exposure is available.

Challenging a culture of obedience {Ethics}

(The Hindu)


This article talks about all of us who are bound under some system and structure and follow them it may be caste, religion, caste etc.

 Mantra of obedience

  • The first cultural hardwiring that’s stitched onto you is an awareness of the group (or set of groups) that you belong to, overlaid by a circuit of total compliance to the perceived needs of that group.
  • Growing older you form your own groups, but these are usually balanced on top of the initial set into which you were born.
  • Even here, a certain unquestioning tribal loyalty is demanded and received from each member.
  • So, for instance, by birth you could be of gender M or F, caste B, ethnicity G, economic strata X, in school H, class 1-12, section A or B and then, within that, in a gang of boys or girls led by sundry strong personality types


The above mention system comes into our attitude and it becomes extremely difficult to act against them, and sometimes we can’t even raise questions against them because of our society.

The cost of rebellion

The first thing you are made to feel is that you are wrong, out of tune and stupid.

People you thought were your friends and allies suddenly melt away, leaving you standing alone.

In extreme cases, this leads to your expulsion (you may be asked to leave the organization)

Comparison with other nations

Other Nation


·      In some places, both political and philosophical questioning are encouraged from an early age;

·      The individual is lauded above the group, leading to some negative but also some positive tendencies;

·        In many countries, the system of ruling and administration has been set up long enough that it kicks in almost automatically to provide checks and balances.

·      In India, our models of questioning are still being formed.

·      We are too obsequious.

·        We have too much feudal programming that we need to delete. For instance, there is no need to add ‘respected’ or ‘ adarniya ’ or ‘honourable’ before an official position, just as there is no need to add a ‘ji’ after it, but we do

What needs to be done?

We should not follow anything, anyone blindly instead think it rationally and then make decision.

There is need to our attitude and mentality.

It can be done gradually

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