CAO Daily Editorial analysis for UPSC IAS 23-August, 2017
Current Affairs Only Daily Editorial Analysis for Competitive Exams
This article discusses the verdict of Supreme Court on triple talaq
The Supreme Court today struck down the validity of instant triple talaq by a majority of 3:2. Two judges ( Justice Nariman and Justice Lalit)set it aside terming it unconstitutional, Justice Joseph set it aside on ground that it is against the teachings of Quran
It was violation of Article 14 and 21 of the Indian Constitution.
Types of triple Talaq
Triple talaq — or the practice whereby a Muslim husband pronounces talaq (divorce) three times to end a marriage has two variations.
- One variation is to pronounce talaq three times in one sitting, either verbally or through various written media such as phone call, letter, WhatsApp, Skype, SMS and the likes.
- The other is to pronounce a talaq each over three months.
Article 19, 21 and 24
- These articles describe the fundamental rights of equality, freedom and liberty enshrined in the constitution
Article 19- This Article guarantees every citizen of country certain fundamental rights which are as follows
- To freedom of speech and expression
- To assemble peacefully and without arms
- To form associations or unions
- To move freely throughout the territory of India
- To reside and settle in any part of the territory of India, and
- To practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business
Article 21- This article guarantees protection of life and personal liberty. It lays down that no person shall be deprived of his right to life and personal liberty except for under procedures established by law.
So whenever a state or centre enacts any law or rule or any action of the state or centre it has to pass the test of its validity under these three articles. If the law is found to be violative of any of these articles then the law is declared null and void.
This should be prorected under Article 25
Article 25 in The Constitution Of India 1949
Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion
(1) Subject to public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part, all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practise and propagate religion
(2) Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any existing law or prevent the State from making any law
- regulating or restricting any economic, financial, political or other secular activity which may be associated with religious practice;
- providing for social welfare and reform or the throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes and sections of Hindus Explanation I The wearing and carrying of kirpans shall be deemed to be included in the profession of the Sikh religion Explanation II In sub clause (b) of clause reference to Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jaina or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly
In this article use of technology has been described to protect our environment and wildlife
Several usage of technology to enhance conservation
- Camera traps, for instance, have provided new evidence of tiger presence in the Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary in Goa and of the Asiatic wildcat in Bandhavgarh, Madhya Pradesh.
- Radio collars have helped solve the mystery of tiger deaths in Bandipur in Karnataka and Chandrapur district of Maharashtra.
- Satellite telemetry promises to provide new insights into the behaviour and movement patterns of the Great Indian Bustard in Gujarat, which includes its journeys across the border to Pakistan.
- New software and sophisticated surveillance technologies are being operationalised to keep an eye on developments across large landscapes and the use of contraceptives has been suggested to contain runaway populations of animals ranging from the monkey in large parts of India to the elephant in Africa.
- Surveillance technologies are bringing distant and topographically complex landscapes right into our homes and offices so that they can be observed and monitored without moving an inch.
- More individual wild animals are perhaps being caught and handled today than has ever happened earlier
Species which are out of reach from these technologies
- Ferocious large cats
- Free flying birds
- Deep-sea mammals
They were wild, defined as an animal ‘living or growing in the natural environment; not domesticated or cultivated’. They were wild and therefore inaccessible or inaccessible, therefore wild.
Aesthetic and ethical issues
The basic pleasures of enjoying the wild are essentially technology mediated intrusions (think binoculars and cameras) into the private lives of animals that the human species does not allow in its own case.
3.Fixing the trade deficit with China won’t be easy
What is ‘Trade Deficit’
Trade deficit is an economic measure of a negative balance of trade in which a country’s imports exceeds its exports. A trade deficit represents an outflow of domestic currency to foreign markets.
Economic theory dictates that a trade deficit is not necessarily a bad situation because it often corrects itself over time.
- India has a nearly $50 billion trade deficit with China.
- Indian imports from China are nearly five times the exports to it.
- China has used a weak currency to push its products into India.
Change in value of currency
One Chinese yuan could be bought for Rs5.88 in August 2002. The exchange rate was Rs8.76 per yuan a decade later. It is Rs9.53 per yuan now.
Trade pattern between the two countries
India sells basic stuff such as iron ore, cotton, copper and inorganic chemicals to China. It buys mobile phones, telecom equipment, power generators and engineering goods from China. The trade pattern tells us something interesting about the position of the two countries in global value chains.
The failure to build a globally competitive manufacturing sector means that India only sells raw materials to China and buys finished consumer goods in return.
How can India reduce its trade deficit with China?
Export more, import less.
Implement widespread sweeping reforms in labour laws, land laws, reduce crumbsome regulations and red tape. In short change the way India operates fundamentally. And then perhaps we can reduce this gap.