The Hindu NOTES – 14th Dec, 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 14th Dec 2017


Date:- 14-Dec, 2017

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📰 New island offers clues in search for life on Mars: NASA {Science & tech}

In news

According to NASA the world’s newest island — formed during a volcanic eruption in the remote Pacific three years ago — may offer clues to how life potentially developed on Mars.

Highlights

  • The island of Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha’apai rose from the seabed about 65 km northwest of the Tongan capital Nuku’alofa in late 2014 or early 2015
  • It had proved more resilient than expected, possibly because warm sea water combined with ash during the volcanic explosion to create a concrete-like substance known as “tuff”.
  • While the island — which initially measured one km wide, two km long and about 100 metres high — has undergone significant erosion, it is now expected to last anywhere from six to 30 years.

Mars had many similar volcanic islands that appeared to have been surrounded by water when they were created.


📰 ‘Schemes for women to do BPO work from home in the offing’ {Polity}

In news:

BPO Promotion Scheme:

  • The government is planning to expand the scope of its rural BPO (business process outsourcing) scheme.
  • The main aim is to encourage greater participation of women, particularly housewives.
  • Till now, of the 48,300 seats under the BPO Promotion Scheme, as many as 35,160 seats have been allocated.

Viability gap funding: The scheme provides special incentives up to ₹1 lakh per seat in the form of viability gap funding.

About BPO Scheme: The India BPO Promotion Scheme (IBPS) has been approved under Digital India Programme, to incentivize BPO/ITES Operations across the country [excluding certain Cities and the States in North East Region (NER)], for creation of employment opportunities for the youths and growth of IT-ITES Industry. IBPS aims to incentivize establishment of 48,300 seats distributed among each State in proportion of State’s population, with financial support up to Rs. 1lakh/seat in the form of Viability Gap Funding (VGF), with an outlay of Rs. 493 crore up to 31.03.2019.


📰 WTO: India resolute on food security {Economic Policy}

In news

In the final stages of the ongoing summit-level negotiations of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), India upped the ante to protect its food security right, even as the U.S. refused to agree to the demands of developing nations on the issue.

India’s concern

India was bargaining hard for improving an already available mechanism that safeguards government purchase of staple food grain from low-income and resource-poor farmers at subsidised prices for stockpiling, and then distributing them to the country’s economically weak.

Peace Clause

It shields developing countries like India from being dragged by other countries to the WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism for breaching the ceiling on product-specific domestic support (10% of the concerned crop’s value of production).

The ‘Peace Clause’ is available to developing nations, including India, till a ‘permanent solution’ is found by the WTO members to the issue of public stock holding for food security purposes.


📰 Doklam was resolved to the satisfaction of all: India {International Relations}

In news

Both the Indian and the Chinese Foreign Ministers expressed satisfaction at the resolution of the Doklam crisis during the just- concluded meeting of the RIC grouping of Russia, India and China

RIC

15th trilateral meeting of the Russia-India-China (RIC) foreign ministers was held in New Delhi.

It was held between India’s External Affairs Minister, Sushma Swaraj, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and China’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Wang Yi.

Key highlights

  • The discussions of meeting focused on regional security, issues affecting AsiaPacic region, counter-terror efforts and coordination at regional and multilateral forums.
  • The ministers reiterated importance trilateral format as platform to foster closer dialogue and practical cooperation in identied areas The ministers released joint communiqué after meeting.
  •  They agreed to strengthen the trilateral dialogue for consultation and coordination on regional and global issues of mutual interest.

International and regional peace: They held that cooperation is conducive to maintaining international and regional peace, stability and promoting global economic growth and prosperity. They stressed for establishment of just and equitable international order based on international law and mutual respect, fairness and justice. They held that various crises in the world should be resolved in accordance with the international law.

Terrorism: The three nations also condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and rearmed that all acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustiable irrespective of their motivations, committed wherever and by whomsoever.

Arms Race: They called for prevention of arms race in outer space for maintaining international peace and security. Russia and China reiterated that they welcome India’s participation in Asia-Pacic Economic Cooperation.

RIC Forum: It  is a trilateral grouping of Russia, India and China that has met annually since 2002. In recent years, the RIC has functioned as a complement to other frameworks involving three countries and including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.


📰 East Jerusalem is Palestine’s capital: OIC {International}

In news:Tension over Jerusalem’s status rises

  • Islamic leaders urged the world to recognize occupied East Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine
  • Israel sees the entire city as its undivided capital, while the Palestinians want the eastern sector, which the international community regards as annexed by Israel, as the capital of their future state

OIC summit:

  • An emergency summit of the world’s main pan-Islamic body, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) was convened in Istanbul to discuss this issue
  • With the Islamic world itself mired in division, the summit fell short of agreeing on any concrete sanctions against Israel or the U.S.

Basic Information:

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) :

  • It is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states
  • The organization states that it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world” and works to “safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony”
  • According to its charter, the OIC aims to preserve Islamic social and economic values; promote solidarity amongst member states; increase cooperation in social, economic, cultural, scientific, and political areas; uphold international peace and security; and advance education, particularly in the fields of science and technology

📰 A 3-nation Indo-Pacific compact {BILATERAL RELATIONS}

In news:

  • Fourth Trilateral meeting was held between foreign secretaries of India, Japan and Australia in New Delhi.

Highlights of the meeting:

  • All there have “growing convergences” in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • Stressed the need for greater collaboration on maritime security and domain awareness and disaster response capabilities.
  • Renewed their resolve to fight the scourge of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and stressed the need for enhanced cooperation on counter-terrorism.
  • Support for ASEAN centrality in the political and security architecture of the Indo-Pacific region
  • Indicated the possibility of trilateral military cooperation along with East Asian nations as well.

ASEAN-India summit:

  • Venue: Delhi on January 25
  • Theme: focus on the three “C’s” of Commerce, Connectivity and Culture.

📰 Hold meet on PCPNDT Act: SC {Health policy}

In news

The Supreme Court on Wednesday ordered the government to hold a meeting with stakeholders, including online search engines Google, Yahoo and Microsoft, to finalise a mechanism to ensure that materials violating Indian laws prohibiting pre-natal sex determination are not hosted on websites.

Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994

It is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted to stop female foeticides and arrest the declining sex ratio in India. The act banned prenatal sex determination.

Objectives

The main purpose of enacting the act is to ban the use of sex selection techniques after conception and prevent the misuse of prenatal diagnostic technique for sex selective abortion.

Salient features

Offences under this act include conducting or helping in the conduct of prenatal diagnostic technique in the unregistered units, sex selection on a man or woman, conducting PND test for any purpose other than the one mentioned in the act, sale, distribution, supply, renting etc. of any ultra sound machine or any other equipment capable of detecting sex of the foetus. Main provisions in the act are

  1. The Act provides for the prohibition of sex selection, before or after conception.
  2. It regulates the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques, like ultrasoundand amniocentesis by allowing them their use only to detect :
    • genetic abnormalities
    • metabolic disorders
    • chromosomal abnormalities
    • certain congenital malformations
    • haemoglobinopathies
    • sex linked disorders.
  3. No laboratoryor centre or clinic will conduct any test including ultrasonography for the purpose of determining the sex of the foetus.
  4. No person, including the one who is conducting the procedure as per the law, will communicate the sex of the foetusto the pregnant woman or her relatives by words, signs or any other method.

Any person who puts an advertisement for pre-natal and pre-conception sex determination facilities in the form of a notice, circular, label, wrapper or any document, or advertises through interior or other media in electronic or print form or engages in any visible representation made by means of hoarding, wall painting, signal, light, sound, smoke or gas, can be imprisoned for up to three years and fined Rs. 10,000.


📰 Prepare plan mapping air pollution sources: SC {Environment}

In news

The Supreme Court on Wednesday directed the Centre to notify a comprehensive action plan mapping the sources of air pollution in Delhi and the National Capital Region within two weeks.

This is the first ever comprehensive action plan that has been adopted officially to mandate a time-bound short-, medium- and long-term measures to clean up the air of Delhi and NCR with a compliance strategy.

How it can help?

  • This also helps create a template of action for all other cities of India.”
  • If implemented with urgency and stringency and in a time-bound manner, this can help this region make sustained improvement in air quality, Ms. Narain said.

Delhi-NCR may require to reduce particulate pollution by at least 74% to meet clean air standards.


📰 More time to link accounts to Aadhaar {Public Policy}

In news

The government on Wednesday extended the December 31 deadline for linking bank accounts to Aadhaar numbers by three months to March 31, 2018.

PMLA rules amended

The revenue department in the Ministry amended the relevant rules pertaining to maintenance of records by financial entities under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act of 2002, to drop the December 31 deadline specified for bank account holders to link Aadhaar and PAN (permanent account number).

The notification also stated that if Aadhaar was not linked to bank accounts as per the date notified by the government, the account would be blocked till the submission of Aadhaar and PAN numbers.


📰 Kalvari to be inducted into Navy today {Defence}

In news

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has commissioned scorpene-class submarine INS Kalvari into the Indian Navy in Mumbai today
    It is an excellent example of ‘Make in India’ and will boost the Navy’s might.
  • Modi thanked France for its collaboration in building the submarine and said, “This is a fine example of the fast growing strategic partnership between India and France.

Features of INS Kalvari

  • Kalvari is named after the dreaded tiger shark, a deadly deep sea predator of the Indian Ocean.
  • It is a diesel-electric attack submarinethat has been built for the Indian Navy by the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited.
  • It is the first of six such submarines that will be inducted into the Indian Navy and represents a significant success for the Make in India initiative.The project has been undertaken with French collaboration. 
  • Advanced acoustic silencing techniques”, low radiated noise and the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision guided weapons.
  • “The attack can be launched with both torpedoes and tube launched anti-ship missiles, while underwater or from surface.
  • Marking a “generational shift” in submarine operations, Scorpene submarines can undertake varied missions such as anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering and mine laying.

The first Kalvari, commissioned on December 8, 1967, was also the first submarine of the Indian Navy. It was decommissioned on May 31, 1996 after nearly three decades of service.


 

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