CAO The Hindu NOTES – 12th Feb, 2018 (Daily News Paper Current Affairs Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis

Date:- 12th Feb 2018


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Interlocutor helped to end Nagaland impasse {Governance}

A letter written by the Centre’s interlocutor R.N. Ravi to the Naga groups, including the NSCN (Isak-Muivah), on February 3 helped to end the impasse over the Nagaland Assembly elections, slated later this month
Earlier A question mark had hung over the polls after a boycott call by the Core committee of the Naga Tribal Hohos and Civil Organizations, a conglomeration of tribal and civil groups, seeking final settlement of the peace process with extremist outfits (NSCN (IM))
Had the political parties stayed away from the polls as they had decided, it would have led to a Constitutional crisis which will necessitate the imposition of President’s rule

Naga framework agreement 2015

  • A peace accord has been signed by the Government of India (GoI) and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland Issac-Muivah (NSCN-IM) in 2015 to bring out an end to the decade old Naga Insurgency. The contents of the framework agreement are, however, not in the public domain, leading to differing perceptions amongst the various stakeholders.
  • The NSCN-IM has been spearheading the peace talks for 21 years following its signing of a ceasefire agreement with the Centre in 1997. Six other insurgent groups came on board last year. But the much-cherished solution continues to elude the Nagas.

In SC, Centre lists steps to end sexual harassment at workplace {Women Empowerment}

  • The Centre has informed the Supreme Court of its efforts to urge business associations like the ASSOCHAM and the FICCI to ensure effective implementation of the law to prevent sexual harassment at workplace.
  • The government said the States and the Union Territories were asked to organize workshops and awareness programs on the law in every industry, business house, the private sector.
  • An online complaint management system, called the sexual harassment electronic-box (SHe-Box), was developed for registering complaints of sexual harassment at workplace. Once a complaint was submitted to SHe-Box, it would be directly sent to the authorities concerned for action

Sexual Harassment at Workplace

  • It is estimated that half of the total number of crimes against women is related to the molestation and harassment at the workplace.
  • In the Vishakha and others v State of Rajasthan, the Supreme Court passed a historic judgment on sexual harassment at workplace (Vishaka Judgment) and laid out detailed guidelines preventing sexual harassment at workplace.
  • The court defined sexual harassment in the workplace as an unwelcome sexual gesture or behavior, whether directly or indirectly
  • The central government has also enacted the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act 2013, our society has got miles to go as far as a facilitating a safe and secure work environment to women.

Food for thought

With the raising awareness among women and the society about their right to safe and secure workplace as seen in the #metoo campaign, how can we ensure a harassment free workplaces in the country?

NITI bats for separate debt office in India {Economy}

NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman Rajiv Kumar made a strong case for setting up an independent debt management office,
As of now the government debt is managed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), which in itself is a lender to the government resulting in conflict of interest
Earlier in 2016 The Union Finance Ministry had set up a Public Debt Management Cell (PDMC), a welcome step in this direction of setting up a Public Debt Management Agency (PDMA).
The idea behind setting up of PDMA was to resolve issues relating to conflict of interest as the RBI decides on the key interest rates as well as undertakes buying and selling of government bonds. It is also expected that PDMA will facilitate in better planning and management of domestic and foreign market borrowings of Central Government. It will help in strengthen Bond market and help to promote investment

India’s Debt Burden 

India’s total debt is estimated at Rs 66.68 lakh crore at the end of March 2018, which is likely to go up to Rs 72.51 lakh crore by March 2019, according to the Budget document
The interest payment on the public debt is estimated to rise from Rs 5.3 lakh crore in 2017-18 to Rs 5.75 lakh in 2018-19

Blame game on as train mows down 5 elephants in Assam {Environment}

A passenger train mowed down five elephants on Saturday night, killing five elephants, including three calves due to the impact

What is the issue?

Humans and wildlife are increasingly coming into conflict, whether it be the elephants or tigers or wild boars
Elephant Task Force says there is a 10-20 deaths on tracks per year, over 100 elephants were killed by trains in the first decade of this century

What could be the solution?

• Forest guards must petrol and alert loco pilots, if elephant herds spotted near tracks especially in night times.
• Speed restrictions must be guided by real-time inputs from forest staff
• Elevated tracks with underpasses for safe, unhindered animal movement.
• Directing the animals towards designated passageways
• Long term reform requires preventing agrarian encroachment in jungle areas, stopping habitat destruction, providing sufficient food and water in wildlife sanctuaries so elephants don’t venture out.

Three new eel species found in Bay of Bengal {Biodiversity}

Scientists have discovered three new species of eel along the northern Bay o

f Bengal coast in the past few months.
Gymnothorax pseudotile was discovered at the Digha coast of the Bay of Benga. The other two species, Gymnothorax visakhaensis (uniformly brown) and Enchelycore propinqua were d
iscovered from the Visakhapatnam coast of the Bay of Bengal.
Eel is a snake-like fish with a slender elongated body and poorly developed fins. Eels are found mostly at the bottom of rivers and seas. Across the world about 1,000 species of eels have been identified. In India, the number is around 125.

Why are eels important to the ecosystem?

Eels are a top-order predator in freshwater streams and help regulate the population of other animals. They are a significant source of food for fish, mammals,
They also have role in the recycling of nutrients in marine ecosystem.

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