CAO The Hindu NOTES – 13th Feb, 2018 (Daily News Paper Current Affairs Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis

Date:- 13th Feb 2018


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Russia seeks ₹125 crore to carry out repairs on INS Chakra {Defence}

Russian authorities have demanded over $20 million for fixing the damage suffered by nuclear submarine INS Chakra last year.

Russia has quoted approximately ₹125 crore for fixing the nuclear submarine’s front portion (The SONAR was damaged), which was damaged while the submarine was entering the harbor in Visakhapatnam

INS Chakra (formerly known as K-152 Nerpa) is a Russia-made Akula-II class, nuclear-propelled, hunter-killer submarine

INS Chakra has been taken on lease from Russia for 10 years and would provide the Navy the opportunity to train personnel and operate such nuclear-powered vessels.

Nuclear submarines

Unlike conventional submarines which need to surface to charge their batteries often – sometimes as frequently as 24 hours – Nuclear submarines can stay under water as long as it wants also nuclear submarines are the quietest submarines, with noise levels next to zero. Because of these features it is difficult for enemy to locate these submarines and Thus of high strategic importance

It strengthens the nuclear the nuclear triad and nuclear deterrence of the country.

The only other nations possessing nuclear-powered submarines are – US, Russia, UK, France and China

The unavailability of INS Chakra means that India is devoid of the service of nuclear powered submarines. Earlier INS Arihant was also damaged in a mishap last year.

Industrial activity posts robust growth {Economy}

Industrial activity saw robust growth for the second consecutive month in December, with the Index of Industrial Production growing 7.07%

The rise in index is attributed to strong growth in the manufacturing, capital goods, and consumer non-durables sectors.

Other Key Highlights

  • Manufacturing output rose 8.4 percent over the same month last year.
  • Electricity generation rose 4.4 percent year-on-year.
  • Mining output went up 1.2 percent over last year.
  • Infrastructure and construction goods’ output grew 6.7 percent.

The broad message is that the recovery of economy is still on course, with industrial production continuous the upward path after growth of 8.8% in November.

Inflation figures released has also shown break after a six-month streak of accelerating inflation seen since June 2017

This is in overall good sign for the Indian economy which was caught up in the distortions caused by demonetization and GST

About IIP

IP (Index of Industrial Production) denotes the total production activity that happens in the country during a particular period as compared to a reference period. It helps us to understand the general level of industrial activity in the economy

It is made up of three sectors; –

  1. Manufacturing (79.36%),
  2. Mining & Quarrying (10.47%)
  3. Electricity (10.17%).

It is compiled and published monthly by the Central Statistical Office (CSO) six weeks after the reference month ends

Stent prices to dip as govt. announces cap {Health Issue}

Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) on Monday announced new stent prices, capping trade margin at 8% and requiring price

NPPA observed that price were exorbitant due to irrational and restrictive trade margin under the failed and exploitive market system. And hence decided to cap trade margins.

The price of drug-eluting stent (DES) was reduced to ₹27,890 (ex GST) from ₹30,180

Drug-eluting stents are small scaffolds made of wire that are inserted into the narrowed coronary arteries of patients with atherosclerosis (narrowing of arterial space).The stent helps to hold the artery open and also releases a drug that prevents any further blockage or obstruction occurring in the artery

About NPPA

NPPA is a Drug price regulator, an organization of the Government of India which was established under the Drugs (Prices Control) Order, 1995

NPPA fixes/ revises the prices of controlled bulk drugs and formulations and enforce prices and availability of the medicines in the country.

India posts marginal increase in forest cover says report {Environvent}

  • India’s forest cover increased marginally by 0.21% between 2015 and 2017, according to the biennial India State of Forest Report (SFR) 2017. The report says that India has about 7, 08,273 square kilometers of forest, which is 21.53% of the geographic area of the country (32, 87,569 sq. km).

  • Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala were the States that posted maximum increase in forest cover which can be attributed to plantation and conservation activities both within and outside the Recorded Forest areas carried out by the states.
  • But India’s north-east however, showed a decrease in forest cover by a 630 square kilometer with 65.34%, of the geographical area under forest.
  • Report also sheds light into degradation of forest, the category of ‘moderately dense forest’ (canopy of 40%-70%) saw a 7,056 square kilometer-decline from 2015.However ‘very dense forest’ saw a dramatic rise of about 12,000 square kilometer
  • India is ranked 10th in the world, with 24.4% of land area under forest and tree cover, even though it accounts for 2.4% of the world surface area and with a Billion+ population

State of Forest Report

It’s a biennial report, providing the detailed information about National, State and District wise forest cover assessment.

It is prepared by Forest Survey of India (FSI) an organization under the ministry of Environment and Forest

Various editions of the SFR over the years, have reported the area under forests around 21%. But the current forest cover is way off the 33% target set by government since 1988

SC refuses interim stay on Kambala buffalo race in Karnataka {Governance}

The Supreme Court today refused to grant Karnataka’s buffalo race, Kambala, an interim stay.

The People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, pleaded that the state ordinance allowing Kambala has lapsed and the buffalo race has no legal sanction at present.

PETA has been advocating ban on several sports allegedly involving unethical treatment of animals like jallikattu in TN and kambala. But following last year’s protest in Tamil Nadu for revoking the ban on Jallikattu, Karnataka government had also granted permission for conducting Kambala

About Kambala

Kambala is a traditional Bullock cart races  held in parts of north Karnataka and in the coastal districts of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada.

The Kambala race, held between November and March, involves a pair of buffaloes tied to a plough and anchored by one person

It is believed to be held to propitiate the gods for a good harvest, besides being a recreational sport for farmers

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