CAO The Hindu NOTES – 15th Feb, 2018 (Daily News Paper Current Affairs Analysis)
Date:- 15th Feb 2018
A GENE THAT PROTECTS AGAINST HEART DISEASE (GS 3 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY)
Scientists have identified a gene that may play a protective role in preventing heart disease. Their research revealed that the gene, called MeXis, acts within key cells inside clogged arteries to help remove excess cholesterol from blood vessels.
Scientists at University of California, Los Angeles that led study in mice found that MeXis controls the expression of a protein that pumps cholesterol out of cells in the artery wall
The researchers are looking into the prospects of using MeXis to target cardiovascular diseases
- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessel, heart attacks being the most common ones
- One of important reason for CVDs are accumulation of degenerative material (cholesterol) in the inner layer of an artery wall, which clogs the arteries.
- CVDs are life style diseases, caused by high blood pressure, smoking, and diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, and excessive alcohol consumption, among others. And is a major predominantly among urban population.
KERALA ASKS CENTRE TO BAN PFI (GS 3 Internal security)
- Kerala has asked for a ban on the Popular Front of India (PFI), a Muslim organisation that is mainly operating out of the State, Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju has said.
- The issue came up for discussion in the annual DGP’s meet held in Madhya Pradesh, where Kerala’s DGP briefed about the activities of PFI and was attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Home Minister Rajnath Singh and other senior officials in the security establishment.
- On earlier occasions, organisations like SIMI (Students’ Islamic Movement of India) and Indian Mujahideen were banned in relation with terrorist activities.
- The DGP meet is an annual affair organised by the Intelligence Bureau where issues concerning internal security are discussed to strengthen the security apparatus and for better policing.
- The Popular Front of India is an Islamic fundamentalist organisation in India formed as a successor to National Development Front (NDF) in 2006.
- Since its formation the organization has been accused of several criminal and anti-social activities. The allegations include connections with various Islamic terrorist groups, possessing arms, murder, hate campaigns etc…
- The NIA said in at least four cases where men and women converted to Islam, the involvement of members of the PFI was established, referring to the so called ‘love jihad’.
ROUHANI VISIT SIGNALS BALANCE IN TIES (G2 2 IR)
- Iranian President Hassan Rouhani will visit India from February 15 to 17, exactly a month after Israel Prime Minister
- The Iran President’s visit will help India to send out a message that India aims for balance in its ties in the conflict ridden west Asia
- Mr. Rouhani and Prime Minister Narendra Modi will seek to iron out issues on trade, connectivity, banking and energy.
India’s look west initiative
- One should see the larger picture unfolding with regard to India’s foreign policy in West Asia
- West Asia is one of the most conflict ridden areas in the world with triangular and quadrangular regional power struggles.
- Some of the important countries in the region are Israel, Iran, and Saudi Arabia and then there is the Palestinian issue
- All of the above mentioned countries are having hostile relations towards each other and then there is the Palestinian issue
- It’s difficult task to walk this path of establishing strong relations with each of these counties without disappointing another, a critical balance which seems like PM Modi is pulling off.
- India was visited by the Israeli PM earlier and then PM Modi cleverly chose Ramallah as his next stopover, and now with MR. Rouhani visiting India, the balancing act is clearly evident.
- India’s West Asia policy now is based on a mixture of idealism and realism, which is taking the country forward without unsettling either of the conflicting parties.
INDIA INITIATES REVIEW OF ANTI-DUMPING DUTY ON CHINESE STEEL WHEEL IMPORTS (GS—3 economy)
- India has started a probe to review whether the existing anti-dumping duty on flat base steel wheels imported from China should continue, keeping in mind interest of domestic manufacturers. In 2013, the finance minister had imposed the duty for five years
- It is The Directorate General of Anti-dumping and allied Duties (DGAD) who has initiated the review investigation against dumping by Chinese manufacturers
- The move comes in the backdrop of India’s huge trade deficit with China ($51.1 billion in FY’17). India has imposed anti-dumping duty on as many as 98 products imported from China, as on December 27 last year
About Anti-dumping duty
- Dumping, in economics, is a kind of predatory pricing where goods are exported at prices lower than the home-market prices to capture the foreign markets.
- And ant-dumping duty is a penalty imposed on such questionably low-priced imports, under WTO rules, to rice their price in the importing country and in order to protect domestic industry from unfair competition.
WATER CURBS MAY WORSEN FARM CRISIS IN GUJARAT (GS-3 Agriculture)
- Severe water crisis is looming large over Gujarat’s farm sector after the state government announced a clampdown on water for irrigation and industries
- The decision was taken by the state government to reserve the water available in the dam for drinking purpose
- As part of the clampdown water supply in 5.5 lakh hectare areas in over a dozen districts in the Narmada command area will be stopped
- The move will deprive approximately two lakh farmers of one crop season, aggravating the farm distress that has primarily been caused by lower procurement prices of staple crops like cotton, groundnut …
- The decision was necessitated as storage in the Sardar Sarovar dam in Gujarat fell by 45%. One of the major triggers of water crisis is the lowest rain water inflow in 15 years in Narmada catchment areas in MP which has halved Narmada waters in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and MP