Press Information Bureau (PIB)- 22nd Oct to 31st Oct, 2017

Current Affairs ONLY PIB weekly Notes for UPSC IAS Exam- 22nd Oct to 31st Oct, 2017



Archive


PM inaugurates Phase 1 of RO RO Ferry Service between Ghogha and Dahej

{Transport} {Economic Development}


In news

The Prime Minister, inaugurated Phase 1 of the RO RO (Roll on, Roll off) ferry service between Ghogha in Saurashtra, and Dahej in South Gujarat which shall reduce the travel time from eight hours to over an hour.

Key Facts

  • At present passenger movement is enabled, vehicle movement is possible once the ferry service is fully operational.
  • This ferry service is a first of sorts, will save a lot of time and fuel as many people commute between these two regions frequently.
  • Government aims to develop coastal infrastructure, integrate transport sector and improve state-of- the art to augment steps towards blue economy

What is Blue Economy?

  • It is the sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth, improved livelihoods and jobs, and ocean ecosystem health. It encompasses many activities
  • Renewable Energy : Sustainable marine energy can play a vital role in social and economic development,
  • Fisheries : More fisheries can generate more revenue, more fish and help restore fish stocks

OPPORTUNITIES

  • Minerals: According to ISA there are vast reserves of Polymetalic Nodules,sulphides,cobalt rich ferro-mangeneze crust( rich in cobalt,bismuth,iron,lead, platinum). ISA has notified two major areas “clariton-clipperton fracture zone” (appx. 27 Billion tonnes of polymetallic nodules) and Central Indian Ocean Basin. India has already signed a contract and entered in the league with Japan,USA, China.
  • Trade & Transshipment hub:: With huge coast line and peninsular shape, India has opportunity to expand its trade. Ocean route provide cheap and greener trade facility.The project like Sagarmala and Setu-Samundaram can transform india into a trans-shipment hub which would augment the foreign exchange earning.
  • Geo-Political: The stronghold in Indian ocean help India balance geopolitical equation.
  • Energy : Oceans are immense source of energy, India can meet its goal of sustainable development with shifting.

New Education policy by December

{Education Policy}


In news

Union Minister of State for Human Resource Development Shri Satya Pal Singh has said that the new education policy is in final stages and it would be announced in December.

It will be the first education policy that was discussed layer by layer and threadbare. 

Improving the quality of education from the primary level, making higher education affordable to people and accessing higher education to more are some of the major issues faced by the education system.

Objective

To prevent the exodus of students to foreign countries seeking education, Dr. Singh said the higher education institutions should be developed to the standard of Centres of International Excellence.

The Act provides right to compulsory primary education. But what is the remedy if parents do not send their children to school.

Why India needs a new education policy?

  • Education and public health are possibly the two most important development vectors in a democracy. The reality over the past decades is that these have not received a fraction of the importance and focus they deserve.
  • Even as infrastructure facilities in the school system have significantly improved, there has been little corresponding effect on the quality of instruction or learning.
  • On the contrary, repeated studies have indicated a worrisome decline in school learning outcomes.
  • The failure of government schools to provide education of minimal quality has triggered large-scale entry of private or ‘aided’ schools, even in rural areas, but even these have not produced significantly better outcomes.

Gram Samridhi Evam Swacchata Pakhwada

{Public Policy}


In news

In partnership with State Governments and other Departments, Department of Rural Development organized Gram Samridhi Evam Swachhata Pakhwada from 1st October to 15th October, 2017.

An initiative of the Ministry of Rural Development, GoI along with with Ministries of Panchayati Raj, Drinking Water and Sanitation, in partnership with the State and Local Governments

  • It is an effort to prepare the Gram Panchayat Development Plan through extensive community participation especially of women and youth.
  • The recommendations of this plan will be given top most priority in finalization of Annual Action Plan across schemes and programmes of various Ministries and Departments.
  • Gram Samvaad Mobile app allows a citizen to access information on and implementation of Rural Development schemes at Panchayat level

Activities/Programs inSwachata Pakhwada

  1. General activities- in all Gram Panchayats
  • Sanitation drive
  • Gram Sabhas
    1. MGNREGA Action Plan
    2. Krishi Sabhas
  • GPDP review and planning
  • General Awareness of Government Programs
  • Enrollment for universal entitlements
  1. Specific Activities
  • To be taken up in Gram Panchayats identified for Mission Antyodaya

India’s first Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra for skilling in Smart Cities inaugurated

{Development and Employment}


In news

India’s first Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK) for Skilling in Smart Cities, in collaboration with New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) has been launched

Objective

The main aim behind the move is to bring momentum in skilling through collaborative efforts.

The Centre is emphasizing on the commitment of the Union Government to support skilling in smart cities.

  • To extend cooperation for setting up of PMKK Centres for Smart Cities
  • To provide skill training for unemployed youth through its short-term training (STT) module
  • Contribute to the capacity building of municipal employees through Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) program.

BASICS

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra

  • The newly inaugurated Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra leverages NDMC infrastructure for skilling initiatives
  • Catering to healthcare and solar energy sectors, the centre will be managed by one of NSDCs affiliated training partners — Orion Edutech, which has an impeccable record of training nearly 3 lakh candidates through its network of over 275 skill development centres across the country.

NSDC – Skilling India

  • NSDC is committed to bridging the skill gap by partnering with institutes of repute in order to give youth a solid foundation for success.
  • The National Skill Development Corporation ( NSDC ) is a one-of-its-kind, Public Private Partnership ( PPP) model in India, under the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship ( MSDE ).
  • It aims to promote skill development by catalyzing creation of large, quality and for-profit vocational institutions. A not-for-profit company set up by the Ministry of Finance, under Section 25 of the Companies Act, it has an equity base of Rs.10 crore, of which the Government of India holds for 49%, while the private sector has the balance 51%.

Olive Research and Development in India

{Agricultural sector}


Two days olive workshop on “Olive Research and Development in India” organized by Oilseeds Division, Department of Agriculture and Corporation & Farmers Welfare and ICAR-Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture Srinagar from October 24-25, 2017, in Srinagar

India and Olive production

  • Olive is a small tree of the oleaceae family and is native to the coastal areas of eastern Mediterranean (Italy and Spain), northern Iraq and northern Iran south of the Caspian Sea. Its fruit adorns salads, but is used primarily to extract olive oil, one of the most expensive cooking oils.
  • India had little to do with olive cultivation. All the olive oil India needed to use on salads, or to fry, bake and grill, was imported.
  • In 2007, however, the Mediterranean plant finally travelled to Rajasthan.
  • Major Production states of olives in India include Rajasthan, UP, Himachal Pradesh and J&k.

India’s Space mission to Moon ‘Chandrayaan- II’ in 2018

{Science and Technology}


In news

The Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, has said that India’s Space Mission to Moon, “Chandrayaan-II”, will take place in 2018, most likely in the first quarter of the year.

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to deploy a rover on the lunar surface in the Chandrayaan-2 mission.

Chandranyyan 2

  • The Chandrayaan-2, India’s second mission to the Moon,is a totally indigenous mission comprising of an Orbiter, Lander and Rover.
  • After reaching the 100 km lunar orbit, the Lander housing the Rover will separate from the Orbiter. After a controlled descent, the Lander will soft land on the lunar surface at a specified site and deploy a Rover.
  • The instruments on the rover will observe the lunar surface and send back data, which will be useful for analysis of the lunar soil. Collection of soil and rock sediments is not planned in this mission.
  • ISRO is working towards the launch of Chandrayaan-2 during the first quarter of 2018.

Chandrayaan 1 which the spacecraft was orbiting around the Moon at a height of 100 km from the lunar surface for chemical, mineralogical and photo-geologic mapping of the Moon.


Navika Sagar Parikrama – Tarini Enters Fremantle

{Women’s Empowerment}


In news

INSV Tarini entered Fremantle (Australia) port during it’s maiden voyage to circumnavigate the globe.

This is the first-ever Indian circumnavigation of the globe by an all-women crew.

Key facts

  • The indigenously-built INSV Tarini is a 56-foot sailing vessel, which was inducted in the Indian Navy earlier this year, and showcases the ‘Make in India’ initiative on the International forum.
  • The expedition titled ‘Navika Sagar Parikrama’, is in consonance with the National policy to empower women to attain their full potential.
  • It also aims to showcase ‘Nari Shakti’ on the world platform and help revolutionise societal attitudes and mindset towards women in India by raising visibility of their participation in challenging environs.
  • The expedition has been aptly titled ‘Navika Sagar Parikrama’, aimed at promoting women empowerment in the country and ocean sailing by the Indian Navy.
  • The expedition would inspire the youth of our nation to develop an understanding of the sea and instill a spirit of adventure and camaraderie.

Additional aims of the Expedition are as follow

  • Nari Shakti– In consonance with the National policy to empower women to attain their full potential, the expedition aims to showcase ‘Nari Shakti’ on the worldplatform. This would also help to discard the societal attitudes and mindset towards women in India by raising visibility of participation by women in challenging environment.
  • Environment and Climate Change– Sailing encourages the use of environment friendly non-conventional renewable energy resources which affects the life of women. The expedition thereby aims at harnessing the energy to optimise the livelihood of the women onboard.
  • Make in India –The voyage also aims to show case the ‘Make in India’ initiative by sailing onboard the indigenously built INSV Tarini.
  • Meteorological/ Ocean/ Wave Data Observation– The crew would also collate and update Meteorological/ Ocean/ Wave data on a daily basis for subsequent analysis by research and development organisations.
  • Marine Pollution– The crew would monitor and report marine pollution on the high seas.

Interaction with Local PIOs – Since the expedition aims to promote Ocean Sailing and the spirit of adventure, the crew would interact extensively with the local PIOs at the various port halts.


Comments sought on draft guidelines for groundwater extraction

{Environment}


The Central Groundwater Authority (CGWA) has sent Draft guidelines for “issuance of NOC” for ground water withdrawal and draft “Public Notice” to the Chief Secretaries of all the State and Administrators of Union Territories for their comments within 60 days.

Why this draft is required?

  • Due to the increasing number of litigations in the National Green Tribunal, various branches of Tribunal are directing CGWA to ensure that the groundwater withdrawal in the country should be in accordance with law.

How will it help?

These guidelines will ensure a uniform regulatory framework across the country so that the discriminatory practices in regulation are either mitigated or minimized.

The major revisions in the guidelines are

  • Pan India coverage,
  • Decentralization of the No Objection Certificate (NOC) issuing authorities, dispensing with the provisions relating to submission of artificial recharge proposals and construction of artificial recharge structures by project proponents
  • Introduction of a water conservation fee in lieu of recharge mechanism;
  • Funds raised through the water conservation fee to be used by States for effective groundwater management.

Central Grounder Water Authority

  • The CGWA constituted by Government of India under Section 3(3) of the Environment (Protection) Act of 1986 has been regulating groundwater development and management in the country. The authority has been granting NOC for withdrawal of ground water by industries/infrastructure/mining projects.

Ministries of Power & Textiles join hands under new initiative SAATHI 

 {Development and Employment}


 In news

Ministries of Power  and Textiles have joined hands under a new initiative SAATHI (Sustainable and Accelerated Adoption of efficient Textile technologies to Help small Industries).

Objective 

Under this initiative, Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a public sector entity under the administrative control of Ministry of Power, would procure energy efficient Powerlooms, motors and Rapier kits in bulk and provide them to the small and medium Powerloom units at no upfront cost.

Highlights

The initiative will be jointly implemented by EESL and the office of the Textile Commissioner.

The use of these efficient equipment would result in energy savings and cost savings to the unit owner and he would repay in installments to EESL over a 4 to 5 year period.

SATH (Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital) programme 

  • NITI will work in close collaboration with the State machinery by building three future ‘role-model’ States for health systems
  • NITI Aayog invited all States and Union Territories for the three-stage selection process out of which 16 responded. Five States were shortlisted post project presentation by 14 States. Subsequently, three States will be selected through further assessments.
  • SATH programme will be implemented by NITI Aayog along with global consultancy McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium in the three selected States after the signing of MoUs.

INS Sukanya at Indonesia for Coordinated Patrol of IMBL

{International Relations}


In news

In pursuance with India’s ‘Act East Policy’, Indian Naval Ship Sukanya under the command of Commander SA Deodhar, NM arrived at Belawan Indonesia this morning to participate in the 30th edition of CORPAT (Coordinated Patrol) and 3rd Bilateral exercise between the Indian Navy and the Indonesian Navy.

The exercise is aimed to foster closer maritime ties with countries located on the rim of the Indian Ocean.

Highlights

  • The upcoming bi-lateral exercise CORPAT scheduled from 24 Oct – 05 Nov 17 is a demonstration of India’s commitment to its ties with Indonesia and to the maritime security in the Indian Ocean Region.
  • The two navies have been carrying out Coordinated Patrols (CORPAT) on respective sides of the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) twice a year since 2002.
  • The aim of the CORPAT is to enhance mutual understanding and inter-operability between the navies, prosecute vessels involved in unlawful activities, conduct SAR and take measures against Sea Pollution.

India – Indonesia relation

  • Defence relations between India and Indonesia have been growing steadily with regular joint activities and interactions between the armed forces of the two countries. These interactions would also provide opportunities for extensive operational and training engagements and contribute substantively to the maintenance of good order at sea.
  • The exercise seeks to strengthen the existing bonds of friendship between India and Indonesia, and underscore India’s partnership and solidarity with friendly countries of the region.

As part of the Indian Government’s vision of SAGAR (Security and Growth for All in the Region), the Indian Navy has also been involved in assisting countries in the Indian Ocean Region with EEZ surveillance, Search and Rescue and other capability enhancement activities.


Commerce and Industry Minister launches CIPAM’s Website

{Economic Development}


In news

The Minister for Commerce and Industry, launched the official website for the Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM) of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).

Highlights

 

  • The website is interactive providing regular updates on all upcoming events including awareness and sensitization programs being conducted, as also information on all Intellectual Property Rights.
  • It would make available resource material on IPRs specially curated for various levels: schools, universities, and industry and enforcement agencies.
  • Simplifying and streamlining of IP processes by formulating and implementing a focused strategy for each policy objective
  • Training and sensitization porgrammes for enforcement agencies and Judiciary; coordination for effective enforcement of IPR rights.
  • Study and facilitate implementation of best practices for promotion and commercialization of IP within the country
  • CIPAM assists in simplifying and streamlining of IP processes, apart from undertaking steps for furthering IPR awareness, commercialization and enforcement.

Minister for Commerce and Industry reviews Government’s initiatives on IPR

{Economic Development}


In news

The Minister for Commerce and Industry, Shri Suresh Prabhu took a review of the Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) related initiatives taken by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, for strengthening the IPR regime in the country.

Why?

The Government of India has been working relentlessly to streamline IP processes and modernization of IP offices through steps such as comprehensive e-filing facilities made available for patents and trademarks, auto-allotment of patent applications to ensure uniformity and utilization of the specialized expertise of all examiners and controllers and by auto generation of trademark certificates.

To reduce the pendency, 458 Patent and 59 Trademark examiners have been appointed in addition to the existing manpower. Pendency in Patent examination is targeted to be brought down from the present 7 years to 18 months by 2019.

National IPR Policy

  • Formulated after intensive stakeholder consultation with nearly 300 organisations and individuals by an IPR Think Tank, as also 31 departments of the Government of India
  • Approved on 12 th May 2016 by the Government of India
  • A vision document that encompasses and brings to a single platform all IPRs, taking into account all inter-linkages within the Indian IP ecosystem, aimed at creating and exploiting synergies between all forms of intellectual property (IP), concerned statutes and agencies
  • Sets in place an institutional mechanism for implementation, monitoring and review and aims to incorporate and adapt global best practices to the Indian scenario
  • Reiterates India’s commitment to the Doha Development Agenda and the TRIPS agreement
  • Recognizes that India has a well-established TRIPS-compliant legislative, administrative and judicial framework to safeguard IPRs
  • To create awareness about IPRs as a marketable financial asset and economic tool; ensure monetization of India’s ‘frugal engineering’ strength
  • Positions India as an economy conducive to innovation and enables channelizing of the strengths of various stakeholders for the same
  • To place before the world a vibrant and predictable IP regime with a stable, transparent and service-oriented IPR administration to stimulate creativity and innovation

IPR Policy to be reviewed every five years; Committee under Secretary, DIPP for regular appraisal.


CVC to develop Integrity Index of 25 Organizations – Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions

{Public Policy}


In news

In line with the broader strategy and emphasis on preventive vigilance, the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) believes that the next level of systemic change can be through the tool of Integrity Index.

  • The CVC has therefore decided to go in for development of the Integrity Index-based on bench-marking of internal processes and controls within an organisation as well as management of relationships and expectations of outside stakeholders.

How will it help organizations?

The Integrity Index will bring out annual scores/rankings of Public Sector Undertakings/Public Sector Banks and Financial Institutions/Departments/Ministries of Government of India by linking the essential drivers of vigilance with long term efficiency, profitability and sustainability of public organizations and create an internal and external ecosystem that promotes working with Integrity in public organizations.

The main objectives for which the Integrity Index is to be established are:

  • Define what constitutes Integrity of Public Organizations
  • Identify the different factors of Integrity and their inter-linkages
  • Create an objective and reliable tool that can measure the performance of organizations along these above factors
  • Validate the findings over a period of time to improve upon the robustness of the tool that measures Integrity
  • Create an internal and external ecosystem that promotes working with Integrity where public organizations lead the way.

International Conference on Consumer Protection for East, South and South-East Asian Countries with the theme of “Empowering Consumers in New Markets”

{International Relations} {Economic Development}


International conference on Consumer Protection

Theme: “Empowering Consumers in New Markets”

Key facts

  • The United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection (UNGCP) were adopted by United Nations General Assembly on 16 April 1985 and revised in December 22nd 2015.
  • The new guidelines call for greater International cooperation.
  • Against this backdrop, the Department of Consumer Affairs, Government of India and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) are organizing an International Conference on Consumer Protection for South, South East and East Asian Nations on the theme “Empowering Consumers in New Markets”.
  • This is the first time an international conference on consumer protection is being organised by Indiafor countries of the region which account for a majority of the global consumers and share common challenges and experiences. 22 countries from East, South and South-East Asia are participating in the international conference.
  • The Conference will have six working sessions on the subjects of the United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection and Implementation, Stakeholder Participation in Consumer Protection, Protection of Online Consumers, Stakeholders participation, Fostering Consumer Inclusion in Financial Services, Protection of vulnerable Groups of Consumers and Consumer empowerment through education.

Way ahead

  • The Conference will provide a platform to discuss and deliberate upon different aspects of consumer protection in the backdrop of revised UNGCP, aimed at shared learning and will explore a way forward for enhanced regional cooperation on the subject.

United Nations guidelines for consumer protection- UNCTAD

  • The United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection (UNGCP) are “a valuable set of principles for setting out the main characteristics of effective consumer protection legislation, enforcement institutions and redress systems and for assisting interested Member States in formulating and enforcing domestic and regional laws, rules and regulations that are suitable to their own economic and social and environmental circumstances, as well as promoting international enforcement cooperation among Member States and encouraging the sharing of experiences in consumer protection
  • The UNGCP were adopted by consensus in 1985. This followed a long campaign by consumer associations in many countries, with Consumers International (then known as the International Organisation of Consumer Unions since its establishment in 1960 and granted general consultative status by the Economic & Social Committee in 1977) acting as interlocutor with the United Nations, having called upon the United Nations to prepare a ‘Model Code for consumer protection’ at its World congress in Sydney in 1975.

Objectives

  • To assist countries in achieving or maintaining adequate protection for their population as consumers;
  • To facilitate production and distribution patterns responsive to the needs and desires of consumers;
  • To encourage high levels of ethical conduct for those engaged in the production and distribution of goods and services to consumers;
  • To assist countries in curbing abusive business practices by all enterprises at the national and international levels which adversely affect consumers;
  • To facilitate the development of independent consumer groups;
  • To further international cooperation in the field of consumer protection;
  • To encourage the development of market conditions which provide consumers with greater choice at lower prices;
  • To promote sustainable consumption.

India and France to Strengthen Bilateral Defence Cooperation as a Key Pillar of Their Strategic Partnership 

{International Relations}


In news

Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman received the French Minister for the Armed Forces, Ms Florence Parly, in South Block today.

The Ministers reviewed ongoing initiatives to further strengthen bilateral defence cooperation as a key pillar of the strategic partnership between India and France. They also discussed regional and international developments of mutual interest.

There is strong intention to further expand bilateral cooperation on counter- terrorism. Recognising the growing significance of maritime security in the Indo-Pacific and the need for greater maritime domain awareness

VARUNA naval exercise

The Indian and French Navies have been conducting bilateral maritime exercises since May 1993. Since 2001, the exercises are called ‘VARUNA’. The last edition of the exercise was conducted off Toulon, France in 2012.


India and US Hold 11th Trade Policy Forum Meeting in Washington D.C.

{International Relations} {Economic Policy}


In news

The 11th Trade Policy Forum (TPF) Meeting was held in Washington D.C. on 26th October 2017. The Minister for Commerce and Industry, Shri Suresh Prabhu had productive discussions with the United States Trade Representative, Ambassador Robert Lighthizer and his team in a cordial, friendly and positive manner.

Highlights

The Minister for Commerce and Industry noted that the TPF serves as a robust platform that contributes towards promoting bilateral trade and investment between India and the US.

During the meeting, discussions were held on issues related to

  • bilateral trade between the two countries,
  • areas of mutual cooperation, market access in agriculture,
  • non-agricultural goods and
  • services and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).

Indian skilled workers and students make important contributions to the US economy.

The Minister for Commerce and Industry strongly took up the Indian concern with regard to problems faced by Indian services companies in obtaining H-1B and L-1 visas. He requested the US to ease the movement of skilled professionals, which has over the years contributed towards making US companies more competitive.


List of MoUs/Agreements signed during the visit of Prime Minister of Italy to India (October 30, 2017) 

{International Relations}


  • Joint Declaration of Intent of Cooperation for Safety in the Railway sector between India and Italy
  • MoU on 70 years of diplomatic relations between Indian Council of Cultural Relations and Ministry of Foreign Affairs & International Cooperation, Government of the Republic of Italy
  • MoU on cooperation In the field of Energy between India and Italy
  • Executive Protocol on Cultural Cooperation between India and Italy
  • MoU between the Training Unit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. Government of the Republic of Italy and the Foreign Service Institute of the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of the Republic of India

MoU for promoting mutual investments between Italian Trade Agency and Invest India


MSME Payment Portal – MSME Samadhaan launched

{Digitalization}


Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Shri Giriraj Singh launched MSME Delayed Payment Portal – MSME Samadhaan (http://msefc.msme.gov.in)

Benefits]

Empowering micro and small entrepreneurs across the country to directly register their cases relating to delayed payments by Central Ministries/Departments/CPSEs/State Governments. Shri Arun Kumar Panda, Secretary, Ministry of MSME along with other dignitaries and senior officials from the Ministry were also present.

Procedure

The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Development (MSMED) Act, 2006 contains provisions to deal with cases of delayed payment to Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs).

As per the provisions, the buyer is liable to pay compound interest with monthly rests to the supplier on the amount at three times of the bank rate notified by Reserve Bank in case he does not make payment to the supplier for the supplies of goods or services within 45 days of the day of acceptance of the goods/service or the deemed day of acceptance.

Background

  • The Portal will give information about the pending payment of MSEs with individual CPSEs / Central Ministries, State Governments, etc.
  • The CEO of PSEs and the Secretary of the Ministries concerned will also be able to monitor the cases of delayed payment under their jurisdiction and issue necessary instructions to resolve the issues.
  •  The portal will greatly facilitate the monitoring of the delayed payment in a more effective manner. The information on the portal will be available in public domain, thus exerting moral pressure on the defaulting organisations. The MSEs will also be empowered to access the portal and monitor their cases.

PM hails India’s historic jump in ‘Ease of Doing Business’ rankings

{Governance}


In news

  • India has jumped 30 places to rank 100th in the World Bank’s ‘ease of doing business’ ranking, helped by a slew of reforms in taxation, licensing, investor protection and bankruptcy resolution.
  • India is the only large country this year to have achieved such a significant shift. On the “distance to frontier metric,” one of the key indicators in the survey, India’s score went from 56.05 in Doing Business 2017 to 60.76 in Doing Business 2018

In its annual report ‘Doing Business 2018: Reforming to Create Jobs’, the World Bank said that India’s ranking reflects nearly half of the 37 reforms, adopted since 2003, implemented in the last four years.

Areas where India lags

  • Starting a business, enforcing contracts and dealing with construction permits.
  • It takes 30 days now to register a new business, down from 127 days 15 years ago, but “the number of procedures is still cumbersome for local entrepreneurs who still need to go through 12 procedures

Highlights

  • New Zealand is the easiest place on the planet to do business, followed by Singapore, Denmark, South Korea and Hong Kong. The US and the UK are ranked 6th and 7th on the list.
  • Among BRICS countries, Russia tops the list with 35th position, followed by China which has retained its ranking at the 78th place for the second consecutive year.

Ease of doing business index

  • The ease of doing business index is an index created by the World Bank Group.
  • Higher rankings (a low numerical value)indicate better, usually simpler, regulations for businesses and stronger protections of property rights. Empirical research funded by the World Bank to justify their work show that the economic growth impact of improving these regulations is strong.

Ministry of HUA ropes in private online service aggregator to promote jobs for urban poor 

{Development and Employment}


In news

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs today roped in a private online service aggregator, UrbanClap, to ensure employment opportunities with minimum assured monthly wages for urban poor skilled under Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM).

A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in this regard was today signed between the Ministry and UrbanClap in the presence of Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs

Key points

Under the MoU signed,  UrbanClap will bring together demand for domestic services and the urban poor skilled under DAY-NULM in 16 cities viz., Delhi, Gurgaon, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Noida, Greater Mumbai, Thane, Navi Mumbai, Pune, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Secunderabad, Bengaluru and Ahmedabad.

UrbanClap assures a minimum monthly earning of Rs.15,000 for plumbers, electricians and carpenters and Rs.25,000 for appliance repair technicians, beauty therapists and Spa therapists.


 

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