CAO The Hindu NOTES – 16th May, 2018 (Daily News Paper Current Affairs Analysis)

📰THE HINDU NEWSPAPER DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis


Date:- 16th May 2018

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ROHATGI JOINS LOKPAL SELECTION PANEL (GS 2 POLITY)

Attorney-General K.K. Venugopal informed a Supreme Court that the Former Attorney-General Mukul Rohatgi has been appointed “eminent jurist” in the high-profile Lokpal selection which will shortlist candidates for appointment as the anti-corruption ombudsman.

The filling of the slot of eminent jurist is a significant step in the appointment process of the Lokpal as per the statute.

Appointment of Lokpal

The person who is to be appointed as the chairperson of the Lokpal should be either of the following:

  • Either the former Chief Justice of India
  • Or the former Judge of Supreme Court
  • Or an eminent person with impeccable integrity and outstanding ability,

The members are to be appointed by President on the recommendations of a selection committee. This selection committee is made up of:-

  • Prime Minister—Chairperson;
  • Speaker of Lok Sabha
  • Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha
  • Chief Justice of India or a Judge nominated by him / her
  • One eminent jurist

An amendment to the act has enabled the leader of the single largest opposition party in the Lok Sabha in the absence of a recognised Leader of Opposition to be a member of the selection committee that would select the ombudsman.


NGT RAPS NMCG FOR NOT FILING COMPLIANCE REPORT PERTAINING TO CLEANING OF GANGA (GS 3 ENVIRONMENT)

The National Green Tribunal on Tuesday severely criticized the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) for not filing a compliance report on steps taken by the authorities for cleaning river Ganga.

Earlier NGT had asked the NMCG to file a report on the steps taken by U.P., Uttarkhand and the Centre to clean the river in the stretch between Gomukh and Unnao.

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)

NMCG is implementation wing of National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (also referred as National Ganga Council). It was established in 2011 as registered society under Societies Registration Act, 1860.

It now works under the control of Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. The aim is to clean Ganga and its tributaries in a comprehensive manner.

It has a two tier management structure and comprises of Governing Council and Executive Committee. Both of them are headed by Director General (DG), NMCG. Executive Committee is authorized to approve projects under mission up to Rs.1000 crore.

Similar to structure at national level, State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) acts as implementing arm of State Ganga Committees. This structure attempts to bring all stakeholders on one platform to take a holistic approach towards the task of Ganga cleaning and rejuvenation.

The Union Cabinet has recently approved changes allowing the National Mission for Clean Ganga to fine those responsible for polluting the river. Earlier this power was vested solely with the Central Pollution Control Board. The power to fine the polluters is derived from the Environment Protection Act.

 


OIL WIDENS TRADE DEFICIT TO $13.7 BILLION (GS 3 ECONOMY)

India’s trade deficit widened the most in three months in April as rising crude prices weighed on the world’s third-biggest oil consumer.

India’s trade deficit widened to $13.72 billion in April 2018, from $13.69 billion in March, and compared with the $13.25 billion shortfall in the same month last year.

How did the Import and export performed?

India’s exports grew by 5.17 per cent to $25.91 billion in April on back of good performance showed by engineering, chemicals and pharmaceutical segments.

But imports too grew by 4.60 per cent to $39.63 billion. Although overall imports rose at the slowest pace in 16 months surge in oil prices pushed the trade gap wider. Oil imports, which during the month under review was valued at $10.41 billion, 41.5 per cent higher than the same month of previous year. This is mainly due to surge in crude oil prices.

However, non-oil imports dipped by 4.3 per cent to $29.21 billion in April 2018. Gold imports too dipped by 33 per cent to $2.58 billion in April.

What is trade deficit?

A trade deficit is an economic measure of international trade in which a country’s imports exceeds its exports. It represents an outflow of domestic currency to foreign markets.

It is also referred to as a negative balance of trade (BOT).

Trade Deficit = Total Value of Imports – Total Value of Export


SIX TIGERS FROM M.P. TO BE RELOCATED TO ODISHA (GS 3 ENVIRONMENT)

Six tigers will be relocated to Satkosia Tiger Reserve in Odisha’s Angul district from Madhya Pradesh as part of the state government’s plan to revive big cat population in the protected forest.

Initially, just one tiger will be relocated to the reserve from Khana Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh on a pilot basis. The remaining five would be released in Satkosia over a period of time.

The tigers would be brought in cages and first released in an enclosure with proper fencing. Once they get accustomed to the new environment, they will be released in the wild. The entire exercise will take place under the supervision of Wildlife Institute of India (WII) officials.

The state government intends to undertake similar efforts in other forest if the relocation scheme is successful.

Satkosia Tiger Reserve

Satkosia Tiger Reserve is a tiger reserve located in the Angul district of Odisha. It is located where the Mahanadi River passes through a 22 km long gorge in the Eastern Ghats Mountains.

The tiger reserve is located in the Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests Eco region. The major plant communities are mixed deciduous forests including Sal (Shorea robusta), and riverine forest.

According to the National Tiger Conservation Authority estimation in 2010, there were eight tigers in the reserve. But, the 963-sq-km reserve, as of now, has just two tigers, both over the age of 13. The forest has favourable environment with adequate prey base but the two old tigers are not fit for breeding, hence the need for translocation.


CENTRAL RAILWAYS PONDERS MEANS TO DEAL WITH PLASTIC BOTTLES (GS3 ENVIRONMENT)

Why?

With Maharashtra set to implement a statewide ban on plastic from June 23, the Central Railways is exploring the possibility of implementing a buyback policy for plastic bottles along with installing plastic bottle crushing machines at major stations.

What’s the plan?

The biggest challenge that the railways face is that of plastic containers, including bottles, entering Maharashtra from other States. Within Maharashtra, the government is proposing to have plastic bottles with a buyback price printed on it. Railway is considering to extend the buyback policy for approved manufacturers of the railways and on bottles that print the buyback price.

Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) is also separately discussing ways to frame a buyback plan for water-vending machines, which provide water in plastic cups as well as one-litre bottles.

Hurdles in implementation

Many stall managers and owners have highlighted the issue of storage for returned bottles.

There is a problem of not having enough space to store fresh water bottles. If the scheme were to be implemented effectively, then there needs to be a system where old bottles are collected from the stalls, as they are returned, without delay.

And also the scheme will work only if all stakeholders participate, so it necessary to educate the passengers about the initiative and bring behavioral change, which in itself is a huge task.


 

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