CAO The Hindu NOTES – 17th April, 2018 (Daily News Paper Current Affairs Analysis)

📰THE HINDU NEWSPAPER DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis


Date:- 17th April, 2018

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IMD forecasts normal monsoon this year GS1 Geography

In news

The country is likely to see normal monsoon rains, though there’s a threat from an anomalous warming in the Indian Ocean. The country is likely to get 97% of the 89 cm it normally gets between June and September. Last year, it got 95%. The IMD has ruled out chances of a “deficient rainfall”.

The Met department uses a statistical model for its forecast. Another model, called the dynamical model, forecasts 99% rainfall. The IMD bases it’s optimism on an assessment that an El Nino, associated with a weak monsoon is unlikely.

However another factor, called the Indian Ocean Dipole, which if “positive” helps the monsoon and will likely not aid the monsoon’s case this year. This will be clearer in the next month.

Indian Ocean Dipole

The Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) is defined by the difference in sea surface temperature between two areas (or poles, hence a dipole) – a western pole in the Arabian Sea (western Indian Ocean) and an eastern pole in the eastern Indian Ocean south of Indonesia. The IOD affects the climate of Australia and other countries that surround the Indian Ocean Basin, and is a significant contributor to rainfall variability in this region.

Like ENSO, the change in temperature gradients across the Indian Ocean results in changes in the preferred regions of rising and descending moisture and air.

In scientific terms, the IOD is a coupled ocean and atmosphere phenomenon, similar to ENSO but in the equatorial Indian Ocean. It is thought that the IOD has a link with ENSO events through an extension of the Walker Circulation to the west and associated Indonesian throughflow (the flow of warm tropical ocean water from the Pacific into the Indian Ocean). Hence, positive IOD events are often associated with El Niño and negative events with La Niña. When the IOD and ENSO are in phase the impacts of El Niño and La Niña events are often most extreme over Australia, while when they are out of phase the impacts of El Niño and La Niña events can be diminished.

 The Indian Ocean Dipole

Positive event

  • warmer sea surface temperatures in the western Indian Ocean relative to the east
  • easterly wind anomalies across the Indian Ocean and less cloudiness to Australia’s northwest
  • less rainfall over southern Australia and the Top End.

Negative event

  • cooler sea surface temperatures in the western Indian Ocean relative to the east
  • winds become more westerly, bringing increased cloudiness to Australia’s northwest
  • more rainfall in the Top End and southern Australia.

 


World Bank fillip for natural resources of Meghalaya #GS1 #Goegraphy

The World Bank on Monday signed a $48 million loan agreement for revitalising natural resources in Meghalaya through a community-led landscape approach.

Highlights of the project

  • The project is expected to benefit 1,00,000 people in rural Meghalaya besides building the capacity of some 30,000 youth through access to technology.
  • The Meghalaya Community-led Landscapes Management Project is designed to support the State’s three tribal communities – Khasi, Garo, and Jaintia – in managing its forests and natural resources through customary laws.
  • Meghalaya’s woods are designated as ‘unclassified forests’ in the State records and for the most part do not receive technical or financial support from State institutions. Besides, there are no institutions or legal frameworks for water management in the State.
  • Water bodies, rivers, and springs are considered common property like forests and are managed by traditional tribal institutions. But some of them are being polluted due to unscientific coal and limestone mining.
  • The project will help manage these depleting resources by strengthening communities and traditional institutions. Restoration of degraded and highly degraded landscapes under the project will increase water for local communities and improve soil productivity,
  • The project will prioritise around 400 villages located in ‘very critical’ and ‘critical’ landscapes over a period of five years. Landscape planning and investments will be preceded by extensive training for communities and project management staff at the field level.

India, Pak. can help resolve Afghan conflict GS2 {International Relation}

In news

India should cooperate with Pakistan to ensure regional stability and to end the Afghan war. Nikolay Kudashev said that India-Pakistan collaboration will help in resolving the decades-old conflict in Afghanistan.

How can Afghanistan browser be resolved?

The problems of Afghanistan are impossible to resolve without taking on board every neighbouring country. Excessive pressure on certain states would just antagonise them and make numerous problems even more complicated.

This logic also guides us to further develop ties with Pakistan and it is in the interest of regional stability to help Pakistanis as well as Indians effectively adjust themselves to the new forms of cooperation offered by SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation) and enhance their anti-terrorism cooperation

Moscow and Pakistan dealt with a difficult phase during the 1980s when Pakistan supported the Mujahideen fighters to counter Soviet occupation forces. However the cooperation took off in the last few years with joint counter-terror drills between two sides that India has observed with concern.

No doubt that existing disagreements between India and Pakistan should be resolved politically and diplomatically according to the provisions of the Simla Agreement of 1972 and the 1999 Lahore Declaration,


India summons Pak. envoy after row over Sikh pilgrims GS2 IR

In news

India summoned Pakistan’s Deputy High Commissioner here and lodged a strong protest over attempts to raise the Khalistan issue during the visit of Sikh pilgrims to that country, while asking it to immediately cease all such activities aimed at undermining India’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Pakistan was called upon to immediately stop all such activities that were aimed at undermining India’s sovereignty, territorial integrity and incitement of disharmony in India.” It said such incidents during the visit of the Indian pilgrims went against the spirit of the bilateral protocol of 1974 governing the exchange of visits of pilgrims between the two countries.

Bilateral Protocol 1974

  1. Such visits from one country to the other shall be allowed without discrimination as to religion or sect. The list of shrines to be visited will be finalised shortly through correspondence. The agreed list may be enlarged from time to time by mutual agreement.
  2. Upto 20 parties may be allowed to visit from one country to the other every year. This number may be revised from time to time.
  3. Every effort should continue to be made to ensure that places of religious worship mentioned in the agreed list are properly maintained and their sanctity preserved.
  4. Such visitors will be given Visitor Category visas.

Khalistan issue

Khalistan movement is a dormant movement in India. It does not hold much traction in the urban or local populace of Punjab. But it is not dead, discontentment simmers below the surface.

A majority of the Indian Sikhs love India and see themselves as proud Indians, willing to lay down their lives for the nation.

There are some Sikhs in Punjab, however, that still dream of a separate homeland for Sikhs. The movement gets ideological support from Sikhs living in Canada, UK or USA. They pump money, ideological support to the struggle, while bloating perceived discrimination out of proportion. ISI of Pakistan is still pumping money and effort in reviving the movement.


WPI inflation eases to 2.47% in March GS3 Economy

In news

Inflation based on wholesale prices eased marginally to 2.47% in March on cheaper food articles, especially pulses and vegetables. On the basis of Wholesale Price Index (WPI), inflation was 2.48% in February and 5.11% in March last year.

Highlights

According to a government data released on April 16, 2018, food articles showed deflation at 0.29% in March as against a 0.88% inflation in the preceding month. Deflation in vegetables was 2.70%, pulses (20.58%) and wheat (1.19%) in March. Inflation in ‘fuel and power’ basket however rose to 4.70% in March from 3.81% in the previous month.

Retail inflation, as per data released last week, slipped to a five-month low of 4.28% in March on account of decline in food prices.


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