CAO The Hindu NOTES – 19th Mar, 2018 (Daily News Paper Current Affairs Analysis)

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Date:- 19th Mar 2018

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POISON KILLS 32 RARE VULTURES IN ASSAM (GS 3 ENVIRONMENT)

A group of vultures in Sivasagar district in Assam has been killed after eating goat carcass that had been poisoned as to kill dogs.

The incident is one of the worst such incidents in recent years and dealt a blow to India’s conservation programme for these highly endangered birds.

Similar incidents have been reported form Assam before also, One was reported from western Assam’s Goalpara district in March 2011. At least 20 vultures had died then, after consuming the poisoned carcass of a dog. Last year also, 20 birds died in March after eating cattle remains, in Lakhimpur district

A steady reduction in the numbers of vultures in India was linked to the use of veterinary medicines such as diclofenac, leading to a ban on its use in animals.  Likewise several other medications are also toxic to the birds, and yet, these have not been restricted by the government.

Of the 32 that died, 29 were Himalayan griffons

However a small relief is that seven vultures has survived the poisoning after the poison was flushed out from the system of the vultures, and medication  were given.


A MEASURE OF MANUFACTURING; PMI EXPLAINED (GS 3 ECONOMY)

Though Index of Industrial Production (IIP) and the Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) are two key parameters that the used to gauge the level of activity in the manufacturing sector much awareness is not there among the public about the PMI.

What

The Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of the economic health of the manufacturing sector. The PMI is based on five major indicators: new orders, inventory levels, production, supplier deliveries and the employment environment. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers.

How is the PMI survey conducted

The data is compiled from monthly survey responses by purchasing managers in more than 400 manufacturing companies from eight different broad manufacturing sector.

PMI findings

The Manufacturing PMI for India has been gradually declining from the 54.7 in December to 52.4 in January and to 52.1 in February.

PMI and IIP

PMI is a private sector survey while the IIP is gauged by the government

While PMI measures activity at the purchasing or input stage the IIP is a measures the output.

Data for any reporting period comes out for PMI more quickly than that has for the IIP. The          IIP, however, comes out after considerable delay. The data for a given month comes out almost one and a half months later!

Both Indices is capable of only providing comprehensive information about the formal manufacturing sector and suffers from the lacuna of not measuring informal sector activity.

And even for formal manufacturing sector both are able to represent only a sample of the entire sector since they are based on surveys.

GUDI PADWA (PRELIMS)

Gudi Padwa is one of the major festivals of India. Mostly, it is celebrated by the Maharashtra people as New Year’s Day. It is celebrated on the same day as Ugadi i.e., the first day of the month Chaitra.

The festival marks the beginning of Vasant Ritu and New Year according to the Hindu Calendar. Gudi Padwa also indicates marks the completion of harvesting of Rabi crops and thus basically it’s a harvest festival too.

Lord Brahma is worshipped on this day.


GOVT. TO TAKE SPIRITUAL ROUTE TO SPUR TOURISM (GS 3 ECONOMY)

The government is planning to promote religious tourism in the country to increase footfalls in domestic tourism.

Government is now investing in creating infrastructure around religious places. Central Government Schemes like Thematic Circuits under Swadesh Darshan, PRASAD, and HRIDAY etc. are steps in this direction.

Under swadesh Darshan Scheme infrastructure will be built around places of tourist interest under the umbrella of 15 themes such as Buddhist Circuit, Krishna Circuit, Spiritual Circuit, Ramayana Circuit and Heritage Circuit.

The Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive or PRASAD scheme focuses on the development and beautification of identified pilgrimage destinations.

Government also plans to promote the two big things that we have —yoga and Ayurveda to attract foreign as well as domestic tourists.

About Domestic tourism

Bulk of domestic tourism in India is really religious tourism. According to various estimates, close to 60% of domestic tourism in India is religious-based.

The number of domestic tourist are on the increase. In 2017 it stood at about 1.8 billion, up about 12% from the over 1.6 billion in the previous year.

Prelims bit

  1. Yogi of the Racetrack — a minute-long advertisement on yoga recently launched by The Tourism Ministry .
  2. VSHORAD –is a Very short-range air defence system. Indian Army is negotiating to purchase it.
  3. Ugadi — the New Year’s Day for the people of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana , Karnataka.

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