CAO The Hindu NOTES – 25th April, 2018 (Daily News Paper Current Affairs Analysis)
📰THE HINDU NEWSPAPER – DAILY Hindu Current Affairs Analysis
Date:- 25th April 2018
NEW SYSTEM TO MEASURE AIR QUALITY (GS 3 ENVIRONMENT)
The current system in place
REMOVE REFERENCES TO LEPROSY AS DISABILITY FROM LAW BOOKS: SC (GS 3 HEALTH)
- The Supreme Court asked the Central and state governments to work for eradication of leprosy, and remove provisions from laws that discriminate against and stigmatise those affected from the disease.
- Court found that leprosy is curable and patients should not be victims of social stigma and thus leprosy should not be considered as a disability under law.
- The order will help in paving the way for recognising the fundamental right to equality, dignity and equal opportunity of persons affected by leprosy in the backdrop of still prevalent age old wrong beliefs about leprosy.
- The order was made by the court while hearing a PIL petition filed to repeal 119 Central and State laws in practice since the 1950s which discriminate against leprosy patients, stigmatise and isolate them despite the fact that modern medicine completely cures the disease.
- Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae and it usually affects the skin and peripheral nerves. While the mode of transmission of leprosy is not known, the most widely held belief is that the disease was transmitted by contact between those with leprosy and healthy persons, thus creating ground for social stigmas.
- According to WHO, leprosy affected 2,12,000 people globally in 2015. India alone reported 1,27,326 new cases, accounting for 60% of new cases globally.
- Though there has been reduction in numbers of the infected, it is not yet at acceptable level since multidrug therapy, or MDT — has been made available since the 1980s and can fully cure leprosy.
CHINA SIGNALS SHIFT INSTANCE ON BORDER ROW (GS 2 IR)
What and where of the Border dispute?
1. Western Sector:
2. Middle sector
3. Eastern Sector
‘GRAPHENE-BASED CONCRETE IS TOUGHER’ (GS 3 S&T)
- Researchers from the University of Exeter in the U.K. have developed a new greener, stronger and more durable concrete production technique that reinforces the material using the wonder-material graphene, which they say could revolutionise the construction industry.
- The new technique uses nano-engineering technology to incorporate graphene into traditional concrete production.
- The new composite material is more than twice as strong as and four times more water resistant than existing concretes and also drastically reduced the carbon footprint of conventional concrete production methods, making it more sustainable and environmentally friendly.
What is Graphene?
H-1B COMES UNDER IMMIGRATION SCANNER (GS 2 IR)
- The Trump administration is planning to propose to end allowing spouses of H1-B visa holders to work legally in the US, a move that could have a devastating impact on tens of thousands of Indians.
- H-4 is issued to the spouse of H-1B visa holders, a significantly large number of whom are high-skilled professionals from India. They had obtained work permits under a special order issued by the previous Obama administration.
- Indian-Americans were a major beneficiary of this provision. Of those H-4 spouses with work authorisation as of early 2017, a total of 94 per cent were women, and the vast majority, 93 per cent, were from India, while four per cent were from China.
- Its significance is that the rule issued by the Obama administration allows work permits for spouses who otherwise could not be employed till H-1B visa holders get permanent resident status — a process that can take a decade or longer.
- The USA issues different types of visas for its applicants, of which H Visas are visas for Skilled Workers. The categories of H Visas are H-1B, H1B1, H1C, H-2A, H2B , H3 and H4
- The US immigration law allows employers to temporarily employ qualified individuals from abroad in specialty occupations. Such foreign nationals who are specialized and experts in certain fields are issued H-1B visas.
- H-4 visa holders are immediate family members of H visa holders. Most H-4 visa holders are spouses who want to join their partner in a new country. They enjoy many of the benefits of living in the United States, but some limitations exist. They also have the right to attend college in the United States and may even enjoy discounted tuition.