Constitution Day (India) : 26th November

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India observes its Constitution Day on Saturday, as it was on this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution, however, it came into force a year later. The government had last year, decided to observe 26th November as Constitution Day to honour our Constitution and its promulgation.

NOVEMBER 26 AS LAW DAY

It was in 1979, when the first proposal was mooted to celebrate November 26 as an anniversary of the adoption of Constitution and assess the state of law in the country as envisaged by the framers of the legal document.

A resolution was passed by the Supreme Court Bar Association in 1979. The National Law Day was celebrated thereafter till 2015.

Announcement of celebration of this day

More than one year after having sworn in, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in October 2015 that November 26 would be celebrated as the Constitution Day in the memory of Dr BR Ambedkar.

On November 19 that year, the government issued a gazette notification declaring that November 26 as the Constitution Day.

Facts

  • 271 men and women who were part of the Constituent Assembly, drafted the Indian Constituion after three years of debate over the governing charter of India.
  • There were no foreign consultants involved in framing the Constitution. The founders were adamant that Indians should have full control over the drafting procedure. Thus, the assistance of several lawyer-members were sought: Nehru, Prasad, Ambedkar, and Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar were part of the historic draft.
  • The Constitution was prepared over 2 years, 11 months and 17 days. The session of the Constituent Assembly was held on December 9, 1946.
  • Dr Rajendra Prasad, who went on to become the first President of India, was the chairman of the Constituent Assembly. The Constitution making committees held meetings on 165 days to hold deliberations and debate provisions to be incorporated.
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