Environmental Impact Survey: India has been placed at a lowly 75th rank

In news:

  • India has been placed at a lowly 75th rank in the environmental impact survey as it has a long way to go before it catches up with Mozambique, which topped the survey, due to the country’s reliance on green sources for meeting almost all its energy requirements.
  • The study by UK-based MoneySuperMarket highlights the individual contribution to the world’s climate while also highlighting areas for improvement for each country.
  • Mozambique, the southern African country rated as one of the poorest, has topped a survey of nations with the lowest global environmental impact while India has ranked a dismal 75th in the report.
  • Mozambique topped the list because almost all its energy use comes from green sources.
  • India was placed on the 75th position as its renewable energy makes up only 15.2 per cent of all energy used; only 2.2 per cent of waste water gets recycled and municipal waste of 0.34 kg per person is generated daily.

Basis of rankings:

  • The rankings were based on different measurements that make up the average individual human impact in each country, including energy consumption, air pollution, waste production and reliance on non-renewable energy.
  • The study helps in identifying the biggest contributors to negative environmental impact, but the results are also surprising, placing four other African countries — Ethiopia, Zambia, Kenya and Ghana — in the top seven for lowest environmental impact.
  • Africa as a continent topped the charts and featured strongly in its use of green energy, low CO2 emissions and low levels of air pollution and waste production.

Worst country for environmental impact:

Trinidad and Tobago topped this list as the CO2 emissions, in the country, are at an average of 37.1 tonnes per person.

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