Goa Music and Dances


Ghode modni danceThis is the name of a splendid folk dance that is mainly performed in Bicholim Taluka of Goa. The dances brangs back the memory of the great warriors in the past. The dancers swing around with dummy horses tucked to their waists. They carry swords in their hands showcasing bravery and at the same time they wear ‘ghungrus’. The background music is the music of dhol and tasha.


Mando refers to the various love songs that are enriched by capturing each and every emotion. These are folk songs that came into existence with the Goan aristocracy. The starting of these songs reflect the sad state of mind but the rhythm they acquire in the end is named as dulpod. A blend of Indian and Western traditions can be found in these songs. The contemporary songs belonging to this category present varied and distinct emotions and therefore, they are difference from the old compositions such as bhajan, arti, dasarwadem, etc.


Dekhni DanceDekhni is referred as a song cum dance. This is because the song has western bearings while the dance is of Indian form. It is only the women dancers who conduct this beautiful dance. A film producer got so enchanted by a popular Dekhni song that he made it familiar to every child of the country. Whenever this dance is performed, it is done with ghumat.


Goff Talgadi and Shigmo danceThey are awesome and beautiful folk dances that are a part of Spring jubilation and they are basically performed to spread festive mood and happiness among the peasants. These dances are mainly performed by peasants of Goa. The peasants residing in Canacona Taluka perform the Goff dance. Goff consists of weaving of braid with various tints. The entire dance is a symbol of extreme discipline. Talgadi is also a folk dance that is performed on ghumat beats. It is quite identical to the dandiya dance of Gujarat. Shigmo is a dance that is performed by wearing colorful dresses and is done of the beats of dhol, tasha, cymbals, etc.


Dhangar DanceHangars form a community of shepherds who worship a folk god named as Bira Deva. They believe in rituals and various celebrations. They celebrate with dances on dhol and flute. The dances they perform are usually dedicated to Shri Radha and Krishna. The costumes they were are named as Kathiawari white dress.


Mussal khelThis is one of the folk inheritances that involve a song cum dance done in the praise of brave kings. An important aspect associated with this dance is that it is performed by Christians to praise a Hindu King. The main day when the dance is performed is the beautiful full moon day of falguna month of the Hindu calendar. It is basically performed by the Cholas of Chandor who were defeated by the Harihar of Vijaynagar dynasty.


This is afolk dance performed by peasants working on farms to celebrate the festivities of good harvest. The dance is performed in very vigorous and aggressive movements and with lots of noise and sound. The dance is a kind of homage paid to the Mother Nature and is quite fascinating.


This dance involves vibrant rhythms, music and taals that add a lot of enthusiasm to it. It is performed for religious festivals and related events. The instruments used in it are cymbals, ghumat, surt, shehnai and shamel. All through Goa, This dance is performed with much cheer.


Zagor DanceZagor is a folk dance inherited from the Modern Marathi Theatre in Goa. It consists of two formsone of which belongs to the Pernni community, while the other belongs to the Christian Gawdas. Pernni Zagor concentrates on the philosophical topics based on the origin of universe. On the other hand the Christian Gawdas has been taken from the contemporary village life.


lamp danceThis kind of lamps uses brass lamps and it is unique and difficult since it is basically the art and skill of the dancer who keeps the lamp on his head and uses different body movements without affecting the position of the lamp. The time at which this dance is performed is the time of the Shigmo festival. The various instruments that are used for this kind of dance are Cymbal, Ghumat, Haronium, and Samel. The songs used are the traditional folk songs and the main regions wherein this dance is performed are the southern and central regions of Goa.


fugdi and dhalo danceThese folk dances are basically performed by women and they are quite common. The pace of Dhalo is slow while that of while that of Fugdi is fast. The pattern followed by the Fugdi dance is circular and in Dhalo a dozen of women dance having their faces in front of each other. Both these folk dances are performed on Marathi and Konkani songs.


Veerbhadra is known as the son of Lord Shiva and he is also referred as the burning flame. This dance is actually performed on Dhalo Mand’s fifth day. The dance is performed while holding swords and and the instruments that are played include dhol and tasha.


Kunbi songs and dances is actually played by the primitive settlers in Goa that delineate ancient traditions. The songs belong to the Portuguese era and they are basically for the enjoyment of the dancers.


Morulem is a popular dance in which dancers dance on old and traditional songs to please their deities. The costume of the dancers includes flower garlands as well as peacock feathers adorning the heads.


This dance is accompanied by drum beats following a wonderful rhythm. The dancers dance amidst big banners, batons and umbrellas as well as festooned sticks.