The Hindu NOTES – 03rd Nov 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 03rd Nov 2017



Date:- 03-NOV, 2017

Archive


📰 India slips 21 slots on WEF Gender Gap index 2017

In news

Moves to 108th place, behind neighbours China and Bangladesh, primarily due to less participation of women in the economy and low wages.

India slipped 21 places on the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Global Gender Gap index to 108, behind neighbours China and Bangladesh, primarily due to less participation of women in the economy and low wages.

According to the WEF Global Gender Gap Report 2017, India has closed 67% of its gender gap

WEF measures the gap across four pillars

  • health,
  •  education,
  •  the workplace
  • political representation

At the top of the Global Gender Gap Index is Iceland. The country has closed nearly 88% of its gap. It has been the world’s most gender-equal country for nine years.

  • Others in the top 10 include Norway (2nd), Finland (3rd), Rwanda (4) and Sweden (5), Nicaragua (6) and Slovenia (7), Ireland (8), New Zealand (9) and the Philippines (10).
  • On a positive note, India succeeded in fully closing its primary and secondary education enrolment gender gaps for the second year running and for the first time has nearly closed its tertiary education gender gap.
  • However, it continues to rank fourth-lowest in the world on health and survival, remaining the world’s least-improved country on this sub-index over the past decade, the WEF stated.

📰 Delhi LG cannot sit on govt. schemes: SC

Context

  • Five-judge Constitution Bench hearing a batch of nine appeals filed by the Arvind Kejriwal-led Aam Aadmi Party government against an August 4, 2016 judgment of the Delhi High Court.
  • Controversy : proviso to Article 239AA (4), which mandates that in case of a difference of opinion between the LG and the Council of Ministers, the former has to refer the issue to the President. In the meanwhile, while that decision is pending before the President, the LG, if the matter is urgent, can use his discretion to take immediate action.

High Court order

  • It declared the LG to have “complete control of all matters regarding National Capital Territory of Delhi, and nothing will happen without the concurrence of the LG.”
  • LG has special powers greater than the President, greater than other Governors of States.

What the government is expecting?

  • The Kejriwal government wants the Supreme Court to lay down the law on whether the LG can unilaterally administer the National Capital without being bound by the “aid and advice” of the elected government.

In news

Justice D.Y. Chandrachud oral observations regarding the role of The Lieutenant Governor

  • The Lieutenant Governor (LG) of Delhi cannot stultify proposals or schemes forwarded by the Council of Ministers to him by simply sitting on them.
  • The LG is bound to pass the difference of opinions [between the LG and the Delhi Council of Ministers] to the President for early resolution.

Constitutional Status

  • The 69th Amendment of the Constitution in 1992 gave the National Capital of Delhi special status with its own democratically elected government and legislative assembly.
  • Sub-section (4) of Article 239AA mandates that a Council of Ministers shall aid and advice the LG in his functions regarding laws made by the Legislative Assembly.

Various opinions

  • The Constitution Bench, led by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, prima facie said that the Delhi government’s ability to “aid and advice” the LG is limited to subjects other than public order, police and land in the National Capital. It said that the proviso to Article 239AA (4), on plain reading, seems to give primacy to the LG.
  • Justice Ashok Bhushan remarked that the LG is entitled to take a different view and is not bound by the aid and advice of the Delhi Cabinet.

Counter arguments

  • Subramanium alleged that the LG has misused the discretion in this proviso to block governance to such an extent that decisions from appointment of teachers in municipal schools to opening of mohalla clinics have been pending for over a year.
  • The Chief Secretary and other officers, without applying their minds to the various welfare proposals and schemes, simply forward the files to the LG, where it remains indeterminately.
  • The “extraordinary discretion” of the LG is confined to special circumstances and not in everything.

 


📰 India offers to share real-time maritime data

In news

10 Indian Ocean littoral States to benefit from initiative

India has made an offer to share intelligence of maritime movements in the Indian Ocean in real-time with 10 Indian Ocean littoral states.

Highlight

The information to be shared includes movement of commercial traffic as well as intelligence.

India already has co-operative arrangements with several countries in the region and this initiative would see that expanding further. For instance, white shipping agreements to share commercial shipping data have been signed with 12 countries and more are in the works.

This is not so much for conventional military purposes but to deal with non-traditional threats arising at sea. 


📰 China blocks U.N. move on AzharChina blocks move to have Masood Azhar banned by UN

 China on Thursday blocked another bid by the U.S., France and the U.K. to list Pakistan-based JeM chief and Pathankot terror attack mastermind Masood Azhar as a global terrorist by the U.N

Why?

The comment came as the China’s technical hold on a proposal by the US, France and Britain

 Key points

China had repeatedly blocked India’s move to put a ban on the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) chief under the Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee of the Council.

This is the second year in succession that it has blocked the resolution.

“The Committee is yet to reach an agreement. This is a fact,” Hua said (Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson)


📰 Kondapalli Toy gets GI registration

  • Kondapalli Toy has emerged as the first hand-made toy from Andhra Pradesh to be granted a GI (Geographical Indication).
  • The Geographical Indication Registry, Chennai issued the certificate. The Registrar of GIR is the Controller General of Patents, Designs & Trademarks.
  • Kondapalli toys or Kondapalli Bommalu are delightful expressions of art of rich traditional value made of the wood of `Tella Poniki,’ also called white sander, found in the forests and hills adjoining Kondapalli village, located about 20 km from Vijayawada in the Krishna district of A.P.
  • The wood is processed and carved into the desired shape and size.
  • Bahudara is an important tool used in carving the toys.
  • Vegetable and synthetic colours are used and the themes chosen are mostly rural life, mythological figures and animals and birds.
  • Elephant ambari, toddy tree and Dashaavatar are the most famous Kondapalli toys.

📰 ‘Over 100% occupancy on bullet train route’

The bullet train is likely to be operational by 2022. (Representational image) | Photo Credit: AP

The Western Railway has denied reports that 40% of the seats on all trains in the Mumbai-Ahmedabad section go vacant and has said the occupancy is over 100%.

Railway Minister’s Statement

Contrary to media reports, Mumbai-Ahmedabad train section running at above 100% occupancy and will benefit immensely from Bullet train.”

‘All unwelcome physical contact not sexual harassment’

 All unwelcome physical contact cannot be called sexual harassment unless it is in the nature of a sexually-oriented behaviour, the Delhi High Court has said.

Why this observation by Delhi High Court?

The observations by the Bench came during the hearing of an appeal by a Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) scientist challenging the clean chit given by the complaints committee and disciplinary authority to her former senior colleague, whom she had accused of sexual harassment.

Background

  • The allegation pertained to an incident on April 2005 when the man had entered the laboratory where the woman was working and had snatched samples from her hand, thrown the materials and pushed her out of the room.
  • The woman had contended that any unwelcome physical contact amounted to sexual harassment.

The Complaints Committee had also said that while there was evidence of physical contact by the man.


📰  Unchahar NTPC boiler blast death toll rises to 26

  • The death toll in the Unchahar boiler blast went up to 26 even as several others were battling for their lives.
  • State-run power giant NTPC said five units were operating normally at its accident-hit Unchahar thermal plant in Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh.
  • The unit 6 of the 1,550-megawatt plant, where a boiler exploded, is under shut down.
  • “The 500 MW Unit at Unchahar has been designed, constructed and manufactured by BHEL,” the NTPC said.

📰 India-made Falcon will fly in 2022, says Reliance Group

  • The Reliance Group’s joint venture with Dassault Aviation to manufacture components for Rafale fighter aircraft is much talked about.
  • However, the group is also harbouring ambitions to fly out business jets and passenger planes made entirely in India, the first private sector company that may end up doing so.
  • Reliance, in a joint venture with the €3.6 billion Dassault Aviation, will start making the business jet Falcon from January 2018 at the Dassault Reliance Aviation Limited (DRAL) facility in Mihan SEZ, Nagpur and the first Falcon is expected to fly out of Mihan as early as 2022 for the global markets.
  • DRAL is a 51:49 venture between Reliance Aerostructure and Dassault Aviation.
  • Falcons play in the wide-cabin, long-range aircraft segment as they can fly distances between 6000-12000 km, covering a range of travel needs.

Source: The Hindu

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