The Hindu NOTES – 04th Nov 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)
📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 04th Nov 2017
Date:- 04-NOV, 2017
The Supreme Court on Friday asked service providers, including banks and telecom companies, to indicate the last date for customers to link their services to Aadhaar.
- The Supreme Court Bench made it clear that the question of the very validity of the Aadhaar scheme is scheduled to be heard from the last week of November 2017.
- In case, by any chance, if the hearing is delayed, the petitioners are at liberty to mention for an extension in the Aadhaar linking of bank accounts.
Senior advocate K.V. Vishwanathan, who appeared for petitioners challenging the linking of mobiles, said a sense of panic has been created among the public with service providers bombarding them with these messages.
Prevention of Money Laundering
Rule 2(b) of the Prevention of Money Laundering (Maintenance of Records) Second Amendment Rules of 2017 requires Aadhaar for opening new bank accounts and for verification of existing bank accounts by December 31, 2017
Why in news?
Jammu & Kashmir Advocate-General Jehangir Iqbal Ganai on Friday said Article 35A, which is being contested in the Supreme Court through a number of petitions, “is not part of the Indian Constitution”.
Argument of the Advocate
- The President has no powers to amend the Constitution. The fact of the matter is Article 35A is not part of the Constitution of India. It’s a part of the Constitution only applicable to J&K. There is a difference. So there is no requirement of Parliament amending it,
- He said Parliament as such had no powers to add any article of the J&K Constitution except to Article 370.
- In Article 370, the President has been given powers to amend, alter or modify any article viz-a-viz J&K, with exceptions and modifications.
- Referring to the 1954 presidential order on Article 35A, which grants special rights to citizens of J&K over property and jobs, the Article related to fundamental rights was in “desirable” and not “essential” list.
Article 35A in brief
Article 35A is a provision incorporated in the Constitution giving the Jammu and Kashmir Legislature a carte blanche to decide who all are ‘permanent residents’ of the State and confer on them special rights and privileges in public sector jobs, acquisition of property in the State, scholarships and other public aid and welfare.
The provision mandates that no act of the legislature coming under it can be challenged for violating the Constitution or any other law of the land.
Questioning the role of the University Grants Commission (UGC) in checking the commercialisation of education, the Supreme Court on Friday restrained deemed-to-be universities from conducting distance education in any course unless all the courses were approved by the statutory authorities.
The Supreme Court ordered in a 118-page judgment.
The court directed that permission for distance education courses should be given only after off-campus centres or study centres of the institutions were individually inspected and found adequate by the statutory authorities.
The court further directed the UGC to take appropriate steps to restrain the deemed-to-be universities from using the word ‘university’ within one month from Friday.
University Grants Commission
(UGC India) is a statutory body set up by the Indian Union government in accordance to the UGC Act 1956 under Ministry of Human Resource Development, and is charged with coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher education.
It provides recognition to universities in India, and disburses funds to such recognised universities and colleges.
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully tested an indigenously developed
- light weight glide bomb,
- Smart Anti Airfield Weapon (SAAW),
which can target large enemy infrastructure, like airfields.
“The guided bomb released from an Indian Air Force (IAF) aircraft and guided through precision navigation system, reached the targets at greater than 70 km range with high accuracies
Smart Anti Airfield Weapon
The SAAW is a lightweight high precision guided bomb designed to destroy ground targets, such as runways, bunkers, aircraft hangers and other reinforced structures.Weighing 120 kg (260 lb), it has deep penetration capabilities, carries a high explosive warhead
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday asked the private sector to invest more in contract farming, raw material-sourcing and creating agri-linkages,
- Besides, he suggested that aerated drinks manufacturers consider blending 5% fruit juice in their products, and said such a procedure has major potential since fruit-juice based drinks are an intrinsic part of Indian food habits.
- In addition, he pitched for a venture based on ‘nutrition-rich and climate-smart crops’ to boost production and supply of India’s coarse grains and millets that ‘not only have high nutritional value.
It is a three-day mega-event being attended by about 2,000 participants, more than 200 companies from 30 countries, 18 ministerial and business delegations, close to 50 global CEOs
Sweet, blue revolutions
- On sub-sectors of the Indian food industry that have the potential to increase farmers’ incomes, Mr. Modi said the government aims to take the dairy sector, which is a vital area for the rural economy, to the ‘next level’ by increasing production levels of multiple products based on milk.
- Referring to honey, where India currently ranks sixth in production and export, Mr. Modi said “India is now ripe for a ‘sweet revolution’.
- The Collegium of Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, Justices J. Chelameswar and Ranjan Gogoi made it clear that the IB should not delve into the professional competence of persons shortlisted for the judiciary.
- The IB does a background check on the candidates once their names are considered for elevation by the High Court Collegium concerned.
- The Supreme Court Collegium further laid down that only factually proven information supplied by the IB on candidates should be taken cognisance of by the Collegium.
Why in news?
- Appointment of Judges.
- Supreme Court observation: Let judiciary, and not the Intelligence Bureau (IB), be the best judge of professional competence of candidates considered for judicial appointments
- Financial Action Task Force plenary in Buenos Aires
- FATF looks into the matters of terror financing.
- China vetoed the latest bid to have Jaish-e-Mohammad chief Masood Azhar designated at the UNSC.
- Pakistan has failed to penalise or curb the activities of any of the terror groups [designated by the UNSC].
- India raised the issue at the International Cooperation Review Group (ICRG) in Argentina. Other countries supported India and now Pakistan has to submit a compliance report during the next session in February 2018.
In January this year, Pakistani authorities detained Hafiz Saeed in Lahore — an action understood to have been taken to avoid any negative reference at the FATF in February.
FATFs’ International Cooperation Review Group (ICRG) directives
- Pakistan has been asked to report again in February on action taken against designated terror groups such as the Lashkar-e-Taiba and its off-shoots Jamaat-ud Dawa and Falah-i-Insaniyat.
- The Financial Action Task Force (on Money Laundering) (FATF), is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1989 on the initiative of the G7 to develop policies to combat money laundering.
- In 2001 the purpose expanded to act on terrorism financing.
- The 37-member FATF is a voluntary group, without much power to enforce its ruling, it works through “peer pressure” and “naming and shaming” countries into compliance on terror finance by putting them on “grey lists and black lists”.
- Haj subsidy borne by the government and extended to pilgrims travelling to Saudi Arabia could be phased out as early as 2018.
- Supreme Court order: The subsidy was to be phased out after a Supreme Court order recommended the same to the government in 2012, with 2022 as the outer limit.
New Alternative plans
- The subsidy has been progressively reduced since 2012 and we are looking to phase it out completely by 2018. We would like to spend the funds on educational programmes especially for girl children of the minority community.
- Among the recommendations was reducing the Haj subsidy to nil by 2018, allowing women without a male relative/escort/ mehram to undertake the Haj and to reduce embarkation points for Haj from 22 to nine airports which had flights to Saudi Arabia