The Hindu NOTES – 08th Nov 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)
📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 08th Nov 2017
Date:- 08-NOV, 2017
📰 Nov. 8 was a black day: Manmohan Former Prime Minister calls note ban, GST twin blows that “broke the back of businesses”
- Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said the twin blows of demonetisation and implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) were disastrous for the economy and “broke the back of businesses.”
- Singh launched a scathing attack on the NDA government and reiterated his statement in Parliament that the note ban was “organised loot and legalised plunder.”
- “Demonetisation has proved to be mere bluster to reap political dividends while the real offenders have escaped. I repeat, this was organised loot and legalised plunder,” Dr. Singh said, a day before the controversial move’s first anniversary, which the Central government is celebrating as “Anti-Black Money Day.”
- “One must remember that nowhere in the world has any democracy undertaken such a coercive move, withdrawing 86% of legal tender in one single swoop.”
New low for investment
- According to him, the growth in private investment is at a 25-year low, which is terrible for the country’s economy.
📰 Andaman’s new taste is sweet-and-sour
- Botanists in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands have been quietly going bananas. And it is not their fault, for the islands are abiodiversity hotspot that hosts seven different species of wild banana that we know of, not to mention numerous, as yet undocumented, others.
- The latest discovery, published in the Nordic Journal of Botany, is of a species of wild banana named Musa paramjitiana, in honour of Paramjit Singh, who happens to be the director of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI).
- The species was found in North Andaman’s Krishnapuri forest, 6 kilometres from any human habitation.
- The plant grows to a height of nine metres and bears an edible, sweet-and-sour tasting fruit that is boat-shaped and has numerous bulb-shaped seeds.
- Its conservation status has been declared as ‘Critically Endangered’ as it has so far been spotted in only two locations on the islands, each with 6 to 18 plants in a clump.
- According to Mr. Singh, the fruit is part of the diet of local tribes. “The fruits and seeds have ethno-medicinal importance. Pseudo-stem and leaves of these species are also used during religious and cultural ceremonies,” he added.
- In 2014, he discovered Musa indandamanensis, another wild banana, in a remote tropical rain forest on the Little Andaman island. It has dark green cylindrical flower buds.
‘SHe-box’ in private sector too
What is in news?
Women who are sexually harassed at their workplaces in the private sector can now lodge their complaints on a government portal- ‘SHe-box’.
What is ‘SHe-box’?
It is a comprehensive online complaint Management System for women working in both public and private organizations to lodge complaints of sexual harassment at workplace.
Launched by Ministry of Women and Child Development
To provide platform to aggrieved women to make their complaints directly so that suitable action is taken to redress their grievances. These complaints will be monitored by the WCD Ministry
It ensure the effective implementation of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act (the SH Act), 2013.
SHe-Box portal is an effort to provide speedier remedy to women facing sexual harassment at workplace.
The portal also provides information on 112 institutions empaneled by MWCD to conduct training/workshops on the issue of sexual harassment at the workplace.
It is an effort to utilise the digital space to enable speedier response to the complaints of women against sexual harassment at workplace.
This is a proactive step taken by MWCD in the wake of the worldwide social media campaign #MeToo, where women have related their experience of facing sexual harassment and abuse
📰 Kambala: SC refuses to stay Ordinance
- Kambala, the traditional buffalo slush track race, is set to begin in the coastal belt in Karnataka from November 11, with the Supreme Court refusing to pass an interim stay on the Ordinance allowing kambala.
- The apex court has agreed to examine the Constitutional validity of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Karnataka Amendment) Ordinance 2017 on November 13.
- The People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), a non-governmental organisation, has challenged the Ordinance.
- The ordinance is valid till January 20, 2018.
- The State government is expected to table the modified Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Karnataka Amendment) Bill, 2017 in the current winter session of the Assembly to get approval to pave the way for organising kambala without legal hurdles once the Ordinance expires.
- Kambala is a contest where two pairs of buffaloes tied ploughs are made to race on slush-filled tracks with a jockey guiding them while they run.
- The buffaloes are made to run at a speed that they time close to 12 to 13 seconds while covering a distance of 140 to 160 metres.
- The farmers use a whip to nudge the buffalo ahead and try and make them a medal winner.
- The Kambala season generally starts in November and lasts till March l the following year.
- The winning pair of buffaloes were awarded coconuts as part of this centuries-old tradition but these days the race is for a gold medal or a trophy. Kambala races are nowadays conducted day and night under floodlights.
- Animal rights activists have opposed the sport saying that tying the noses of the buffaloes with a rope and using a whip amounts to cruelty.
- Supreme Court in 2014 had banned Kambala and Jallikattu based on a petition filed by various animal rights organisations.
- Kambala supporters have been protesting since the ordinance on jallikattu was moved by the Tamil Nadu government lifting the ban.
- Massive protests and processions are being taken around with buffaloes to put pressure on the Karnataka government to move a similar ordinance.
- Kambala is a traditional bull sport similar to Jallikattu.
📰 ‘LG cannot differ with govt. on trivial issues’
- The Supreme Court on Thursday reminded the Delhi government that there were limitations to its powers under the Constitution, but added that in matters where the Lieutenant Governor (L-G) had differences with it, he could not sit on files.
- Instead, L-G was required to forward them to the President within a reasonable time.
- The court said in urgent matters, it is the L-G who is given primacy.
- The executive power of the government of Delhi was not exclusive to the executive power of the Centre.
- SC was hearing the Delhi government’s plea challenging a Delhi High Court order confirming the L-G as the administrative head of the National Capital Territory (NCT).
The Plea by the State government
- Appearing for the state government, Senior Counsel contended that its day-to-day working was being hindered as civil servants feel they don’t have to report to the ministers but only to the L-G and the L-G feels he has inherent power to veto.
- As a result, the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers is neutralized.
- And, even civil servants do not recognise the ministers as heads of departments. As a result no decision can be taken.
- The Senior Counsel for the state also sought to know if this is contemplated under Article 239AA and the provisions must be interpreted in a way that it serves the object.
- The counsel added that even the decisions on extending welfare measures were stuck because of the L-G’s stance and this interfered with the government functioning and a constructive interpretation will not defeat the purposes of 239AA.
The SC view point
- The SC wanted to know that in the absence of a law, who has the power the executive or the L-G and added that the language of the Constitution says L-G’s decision is final.
- The court was of the view that the public order in Delhi, police or land cannot be subject of executive power of government of Delhi.
- The court also considered if some restrictions can be read into the proviso dealing with the powers of the L-G or whether it can be restricted to some cases.
- And added that even when there were differences between the L-G and state government, the L-G cannot be sitting on a file. He is under Constitutional obligation to refer it to President, which means he has to send that in a reasonable time. The L-G he must also record his differences in writing.
- The SC pointed out that under Article 239 (1), it was the President who appoints the administrator for Delhi and this administrator was designated as L-G, which means the administration of Delhi is by the President in the name of the administrator and that the substantive power to appoint the administrator is under Article 239 (which deals with the administration of Union Territories and President’s power in this regard) and not under Article 239AA.
- But the State’s counsel countered it by saying that though the genesis of appointment is in 239, the measure is in 239AA and the objective of 239AA would not have been to create dual governments.
- The SC said that the L-G was entitled to have his views and whatever power executive has it has to flow from 239AA.
- Article 239AA(4) (which speaks about a Council of Ministers to aid and advise the L-G) may be a recognition of Article 73, which says that the executive powers of the Union extends to all matters in respect to which the Parliament can make law.
- The CJI added that when the Constitution-makers included these provisions in the document, they probably had in mind the question of Constitutional collegiality.
📰 Indo-Pacific proposal to contain China ‘media speculation’, says Foreign Ministry
- China dismissed the proposed Indo-Pacific security arrangement among the United States, Japan, India and Australia to contain China’s rise as “media speculation” and timed its remarks a day ahead of U.S. President Donald Trump’s arrival in Beijing.
- In response to a question, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying signaled that the Indo-Pacific region was part of the global commons.
- She said that the Indo-Pacific – an area in the Pacific and the Indian Ocean on either side of the Malacca straits – was a “dynamic region” with the biggest potential in the world.
- Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, at a joint press conference in Tokyo with President Trump, said that Tokyo and Washington “concurred” that they should beef up cooperation to realise “a free and open Indo-Pacific”, Japanese media reported.
- Mr. Abe first unveiled his “Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy” in 2016.
- According to Nikkei Asian Review, the Japanese premier’s approach involving the U.S, India and Australia as the other partners, “is partly intended to keep in check China’s growing presence in the region under its “One Belt, One Road” initiative, aimed at extending its reach beyond its borders”.