The Hindu NOTES – 20th Nov 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 20th Nov 2017



Date:- 20-NOV, 2017

Archive



📰 New J&K surrender policy to target local militants

  • With a fresh surrender policy being framed by the government, the Army and the J&K Police, in a joint appeal, asked all local militants to give up arms and assured them “full cooperation” to join the mainstream.
  • Over 130 local militants are still active in the Valley.
  • “We are after foreign terrorists. We want to give the local boys a chance to surrender. The return of Majid Khan (who had joined the Lashkar-e-Taiba) will start a new phase. I hope mothers of other militants will follow suit [in making an appeal]. I foresee a violence-free and disturbance-free Kashmir soon,” said J&K DGP S.P. Vaid.
  • They said local militants could use the helpline if they want to come back.

Fresh surrender policy:

  • Earlier, the surrender policy was limited to those who crossed the Line of Control into Pakistan-occupied Kashmir in the early 1990s and were stuck there.
  • The new surrender policy is considering provision of “passports and jobs to any local youth who gives up the gun” and “support for his full assimilation into society.

📰 210 govt. websites made Aadhaar details public: UIDAI

In news:

  • More than 200 central and State government websites publicly displayed details such as names and addresses of some Aadhaar beneficiaries
  • The UIDAI took note and got the Aadhaar data removed from the said websites

UIDAI and Data security:

  • UIDAI has a well-designed, multi-layer approach robust security system in place
  • It is being constantly upgraded to maintain the highest level of data security and integrity
  • The architecture of the Aadhaar ecosystem has been designed to ensure data security and privacy which is an integral part of the system from the initial design to the final stage

How does UIDAI ensure data security?

  • Various policies and procedures have been defined, these are reviewed and updated continually
  • This helps to appropriately control and monitor any movement of people, material, and data in and out of UIDAI premises
  • Security audits are conducted on a regular basis to further strengthen security and privacy of data

📰 Centre to spur local electronics output

Context:

  • Net zero imports in electronics by 2020

In news:

The government is set to bring out a new policy to spur domestic electronics production by March 2018 in a bid to boost its flagship ‘Make in India’ programme and curb the country’s trade deficit. We have set a target of net zero imports in electronics by 2020, and the new policy will focus not only on ramping up domestic production, but also on making India an export hub

The government had first unveiled an Electronics Manufacturing Policy in 2012, which included schemes such as Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme and electronic development fund. The new policy is likely to take a re-look at the utility of these schemes which have either ended or will expire soon.

The working groups, including industry leaders, experts and MeitY officials, are focusing on individual product lines such as mobile handsets and related components, LED products, medical electronics, consumer electronics and automotive electronics (including electric vehicles). Other groups have been tasked with framing a strategy for boosting solar photovoltaic cells, fabless chip design, electronic manufacturing services and products such as semiconductors.

Revised policy will include “Horizontals focussed policy interventions — tariff structure, infrastructure development, generation of intellectual property, promotion of export, management of e-waste, skill development, as well as verticals specific policy directives — vision, mission and strategies, for the identified thrust areas.”

According to a MeitY notification, the revised National Policy on Electronics will strive to increase the competitiveness of the electronics manufacturing industry; innovation, R&D and start-ups; promoting research in emerging technologies and India-specific initiatives and strategies to promote/ incentivise exports in electronics system design and manufacturing.


📰 Centre readies institutional body to push electric mobility

In news:

  • The government plans to set up a committee for an institutional framework on large-scale adoption of electric vehicles in India as a viable clean energy mode — particularly for shared mass transport — to help bring down alarming levels of pollution in big cities.
  • The government think-tank NITI Aayog has sought comments from Ministries, including heavy industry, environment, road, transport and highways, and power on the issue and is in the process of chalking out the nitty-gritty of the framework.
  • The panel will be tasked with issues related to electric mobility, including setting up of charging stations across the country and subsidising the cost of electric vehicles on a long-term basis.
  • The Centre has recently invited proposals from cities with population of above 10 lakh for extending grants under the FAME India (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles in India) scheme to promote large-scale adoption of EVs (electric vehicles) in multi-modal public transport.

📰 RBI to launch multimedia campaign

Context:

  • New innovative approach to educate the citizens.

In news:

  • The Reserve Bank is planning to launch a full-fledged multimedia and multilingual campaign to create general awareness among citizens of its regulations and initiatives.
  • The RBI’s communication department has sought applications from advertising agencies for designing the creatives for the pan-India awareness campaign.
  • The campaign will be in 14 languages — Hindi, Assamese, Bangla, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, and English — with focus on regional languages.
  • The media mix will include traditional ones such as newspapers, magazines, radio, television channels and cinema halls and new ones that include digital.
  • It also plans to create an awareness campaign — Suno RBI Kya Kehta Hai — through SMSs to warn the public against falling prey to unsolicited and fictitious offers from fraudsters.

📰 India up one notch in per capita

IMF data:

India has moved up one position to 126 in terms of GDP per capita of countries, still ranked lower than all its BRICS peers, while Qatar remains the world’s richest on this parameter as per IMF data.

The data, which forms part of the latest World Economic Outlook report of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), ranks over 200 countries in terms of per capita GDP based on purchasing power parity (PPP).

What is PPP?

PPP is the rate at which the currency of one country needs to be converted into that of a second country to ensure that a given amount of the first country’s currency will purchase the same volume of goods and services in the second country as it does in the first.


📰 How succulents survive without water decoded

Drought-resistant plants such as cacti and succulents, make use of an enhanced form of photosynthesis to minimise water loss.

The research, published in journal The Plant Cell , could be used to help produce new crops that can thrive in previously inhospitable, hot and dry regions across the world. Photosynthesis involves taking carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to convert into sugars using sunlight.

Scientists at the University of Liverpool in the U.K. found that these drought-resistant plants, such as cacti, agaves and succulents, make use of an enhanced form of photosynthesis known as crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM).

Unlike other plants, CAM plants are able to take up CO2 during the cooler night, which reduces water loss, and store captured CO2 as malic acid inside the cell, allowing its use for photosynthesis without water loss during the next day.

CAM photosynthesis is regulated by the plant’s internal circadian clock, which allows plants to differentiate and pre-empt day and night and adjust their metabolism accordingly.

However, relatively little is known about the exact molecular processes that underpin the optimal timing of CO2 being stored and released in this unique way. Researchers looked at an enzyme called PPCK that is involved in controlling the conversion of CO2 to its overnight stored form.

They wanted to know if PPCK is a necessary component for engineering CAM photosynthesis and tested this by switching the PPCK gene off in the succulent CAM plant Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi. They found that, for CAM to work properly, the cells must switch on PPCK each night driven by internal circadian clock.


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