The Hindu NOTES – 21st Nov 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 21st Nov 2017



Date:- 21-NOV, 2017

Archive



📰 Aadhaar data was never breached: UIDAI

Context:

  • UIDAI response to the reports of over 200 government websites displaying Aadhaar-related data of beneficiaries.

In news:

  • Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) said there has been no breach or leak of Aadhaar data.
  • The data on these websites was placed in public domain as a measure of proactive disclosure under RTI Act by these government and institutional websites which included beneficiaries’ name, address, bank account, and other details including Aadhaar number and was collected from the third party/users for various welfare schemes.
  • UIDAI clarified that Aadhaar number is not a secret number. It is to be shared with authorised agencies when an Aadhaar holder wishes to avail a service or benefit of government scheme/s or services.

📰 Satyagraha over water-sharing

  • Mahanadi Bachao Andolan, a non-political forum founded to press for judicious sharing of Mahanadi river water between Odisha and Chhattisgarh, on Monday began a mass ‘s atyagraha ’ against the “inability of the Centre to constitute a tribunal despite its submission before the Supreme Court to do so by November 19”.
  • The members of the forum sat on the s atyagraha along Mahatma Gandhi Marg in front of the State Assembly here. Leaders of different political parties, intellectuals, students and social activists also gathered at the venue demanding immediate setting up of the tribunal.
  • Mr. Das expressed confidence that it would be difficult to ignore the voice raised collectively by the people of Odisha and hoped that the Centre would soon make an announcement about constitution of a tribunal to find a solution to sharing of Mahanadi water.
  • There is provision under Section 4(1) of the Inter State Water Dispute (ISRWD) Act 1956, which mandates that if the Central government is of the opinion that water dispute cannot be settled by negotiations, the central government shall within a period not exceeding one year from the date of receipt of such request by notification in the official gazette, constitute a water disputes tribunal for adjudication of water dispute.

📰 An app to get tiger count right

Field data collection for tiger enumeration in the country is set to go digital in order to reduce human error and provide more reliable estimates. In the All-India Tiger Estimation, to be taken up in December- January, the authorities plan to eliminate the process of manual recording of signs of the carnivore and other habitat details.

Instead, an app named M-STRiPES (Monitoring System For Tigers-Intensive Protection and Ecological Status) developed by the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, will be used for the first time. Though the app is already in place in some national parks, its usage and application has been made mandatory only now, for the fourth All-India Tiger Estimation.

It is a free app that will be made available to staff participating in the exercise, and they will feed in their observation during the carnivore sign survey and transect marking. The field staff and senior officials of the Forest Department will be trained on how to use the app at a programme in Bandipur and Mudumalai from December 5 to 7.


📰 India hosts intl. congress on military medicine

  • India is, for the first time, hosting the World Congress of the International Committee of Military Medicine.
  • It is a platform to share medical best practices and also foster long term bonds.
  • Around 350-400 foreign delegates from 80 countries are expected to take part in the 42nd edition of the Congress, themed ‘Military Medicine in Transition: Looking Ahead’.
Military Medicine 

  • The term military medicine has a number of potential connotations. It may mean:
  • A medical specialty, specifically a branch of occupational medicine attending to the medical risks and needs (both preventive and interventional) of soldiers, sailors and other service members.
  • It includes the ergonomics and health effects of operating military-specific machines and equipment such as submarines, tanks, helicopters and airplanes.
  • Undersea and aviation medicine can be understood as subspecialties of military medicine, or in any case originated as such.

📰 In ICJ, it’s down to the wire for India, U.K.

In news:

  • UN General Assembly and the Security Council assemble for separate meetings in New York to hold the 12th round of voting to break the stalemate between India’s Dalveer Bhandari and Britain’s Christopher Greenwood for re-election to the International Court of Justice (ICJ)
  • The winning candidate needs to get a majority in both the General Assembly (GA) and the Security Council (SC), but 11 rounds of voting so far ended with India winning in the UN General Assembly and the U.K. winning in the Security Council.
  • Historical challenge: It is the first time in UN history that the candidacy of a permanent member of the Security Council is challenged in the way it has been by India, and all five permanent members, the P5, appear to have rallied behind Mr. Greenwood.
  • The U.K. has already indicated to members of the SC that it plans to invoke a clause that has never been used to suspend voting and move to a conference mechanism of the GA and the SC if the first round of voting does not yield a clear outcome.
  • What is conference mechanism?
    • The conference mechanism involves three members of the GA and three of the SC jointly selecting the winner.
    • India has told member countries that this would amount to bypassing the desire of an overwhelming majority.

📰  Indian renewable energy firms among lowest rated

In news:

  • Indian renewable energy companies are among the most poorly rated investment grade companies in the Asia-Pacific region, according to a report by ratings agency Fitch.
  • Fitch’s 2018 Outlook on Asia-Pacific Utilities : Most of the issuers are owned by their respective sovereigns due to the strategic importance of energy supply.

Key Points:

  • These entities also have strong standalone profiles given solid and stable cash flow generation. At the bottom end are the Indian renewable issuers with ratings that reflect lower plant utilisation, limited operating history, volume risk, weaker counterparties, and weak but improving financial profiles.
  • The agency expects renewable energy to make up a larger portion of India’s electricity generation, bolstered by untapped generation potential, strong policy support and lower tariffs.
  • Tariffs for both wind and solar electricity hit a new low of under Rs. 3.0/kWh in mid-2017, making the two the cheapest source of electricity in the country,” the report added. “Renewable energy made up 58% — its biggest share yet — of the 25 GW of generation capacity added in India in FY17.”
  • The report added that small renewable players would remain protected from price risks due to long-term power purchase agreements, but said that production volumes would vary on the basis of climatic patterns.

📰 ISRO opens doors to private sector

In news:

  • In an attempt to increase the number of satellite launches and build the capacity of the private sector, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) issued a tender on Monday to the private industry for Assembly, Integration and Testing (AIT) of 30-35 satellites.
  • ISRO has issued a Request For Proposal (RFP) to the private industry to build 30-35 satellites over three years. Under this, 4-5 companies would be selected after evaluation and awarded parallel contracts. They would be responsible for the AIT of satellites at ISRO facilities.
  • ISRO currently launches 3-4 launches per year but the demand is for 16-18 satellites.In the next step, the idea is to let the private industry build their own facilities after gaining enough expertise, the official added. The private sector already supplies majority of the sub-systems in satellite manufacturing.
  • To this end, ISRO has built a space technology park spread over 25 acres in Bengaluru where the entire range of facilities have been set up for use by the industry.

📰 Infra status for logistics sector

  • The Centre has granted infrastructure status to the logistics sector, allowing it to avail loans at competitive terms that come along with the status.
  • “The need for integrated logistics sector development has been felt for quite some time in view of the fact that the logistics cost in India is very high compared to developed countries,” the government said in a statement.
  • The cost of logistics is extremely high in India with some estimates putting it at about 13% of GDP, which is higher than the U.S. (9) and Germany (8).
  • High logistics cost reduces the competitiveness of Indian goods both in domestic as well as export markets. Development of logistics would give a boost to both domestic and external demand thereby encouraging manufacturing and ‘job creation.’
  •  According to the definition that has been included, ‘logistics infrastructure’ means and includes:
  1. multi-modal logistics park comprising inland container depot (ICD) with minimum investment of Rs. 50 crore and minimum area of 10 acre,
  2. cold chain facility with minimum investment of Rs. 15 crore and minimum area of 20,000 square feet, and/or
  3. warehousing facility with investment of minimum Rs. 25 crore and minimum area of 1 lakh square feet.
  • It is believed that the infrastructure status will reduce the cost of capital in transportation and warehousing, thereby reducing the cost of logistics.
  • There are a number of benefits that the infrastructure status has.
  1. Infrastructure industries get longer maturity loans compared to typical manufacturing sector.
  2. They are also eligible for slightly higher equity ratios while applying for the loans.
  3. The external commercial borrowing guidelines say that the infrastructure sector has certain advantages and flexibility, and they can also do refinancing with specialised lenders like IDFC, IIFCL, etc.

📰 Global meet: tech disruption to be focus

The World Congress on Information Technology (WCIT), a premier global forum that is to be held for the first time in India, at Hyderabad in February 2018, will focus on the technology-led disruption taking place in the industry. In doing so, it would also take a peek into the road ahead.

With ‘Amplify Digital: Disrupt the Core’ as the theme, the 22nd edition of the conference would showcase latest trends, technologies, use cases and strategic discussions on building the digital future. One of the Congress’s objectives would be to create awareness of the shift in technology and serve as a forum for people to experience the changes.

Mr. Mohan Reddy said Nasscom would spend $3 million on the event. He highlighted the role the Telangana government has played, contributing the sponsorship amount, to get the event to Hyderabad.


 

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