The Hindu NOTES – 11th Dec, 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 11th Dec 2017


Date:- 11-Dec, 2017

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📰 CPI flays Centre for failing to form tribunal on Mahanadi {Governance}

In news

The CPI (Communist Party of India) on Sunday slammed the Centre for failing to form a tribunal to resolve the Mahanadi water row between Odisha and Chhattisgarh.

If Mahanadi water issue is not resolved soon, the livelihood of around two crore people in Odisha would be in jeopardy.

What is the issue?

  • Sharing of Mahanadi river water has been a bone of contention between the states of Odisha and Chhattisgarh.
  • Odisha is now increasingly showing its resentment to the centre for not intervening and resolving the water dispute.

What are Odisha’s concerns?

  • Odisha is arguing that Chhattisgarh has been constructing dams and weirs (small dams) upstream the Mahanadi river.
  • This is being allegedly carried on by the Chhattisgarh government without consulting Odisha.
  • Odisha says this would affect the flow of the river downstream and affect drinking water supply.
  • Also, it would impact the irrigation facilities in Odisha and adversely affect the interests of the farmers.
  • It is also alleged that Chhattisgarh would utilise water far in excess of the equitable share of the waters of Mahanadi.

What is the way forward?

  • Under the Inter-State River Water Disputes Act, 1956 a tribunal can be formed to resolve water disputes.
  • A tribunal could be formed if a state government requests the Centre and the Centre is convinced of the need to form the tribunal.
  • Odisha has long been demanding the formation of a tribunal for resolving the Mahanadi river water dispute.
  • The Centre has recently put forward the idea of a permanent tribunal to adjudicate all inter-state river water disputes for speedy resolution.
  • Materialising this idea could be a solution to the Mahanadi River Water Dispute and many such water disputes among different states.

📰 Darjeeling to host five-day tourism festival {Culture} 

In news

  • To revive tourist interest, the popular hill station is all set to host a five-day tourism festival from December 27 to attract people to the ‘Queen of Hills’.
  • The Gorkhaland Territorial Administration (GTA), the State Tourism Department and the Information and Cultural Affairs Department are jointly organising the festival in Darjeeling to revive tourist interest in the hills.

Highlights

  • Destinations in the hills will be promoted during the festival, to be held from December 27 to December 31, at four venues — Darjeeling town, Kurseong, Kalimpong and Mirik.
  • Local arts, dresses and cuisines will be showcased at the festival to cater to different interests of tourists.
  • Adventure sports like rafting, para-gliding, hiking and leisurely pastimes like bird watching will also find a mention promotional activities. 

📰 WTO: diverse views fuel bleak prospect for outcomes {I.R.}

In news

  • The World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) Buenos Aires meeting commenced amid concerns on support for anti-globalisation, protectionism and bilateralism.
  • 164 WTO member nations — led by India, China and South Africa — are, therefore, learnt to be demanding that the final declaration of the WTO’s highest decision-making body reaffirms commitment to multilateralism and rules-based trading system as well as negotiations with development agenda at the centre.

21st century trade issues

e-commerce, investment facilitation, matters relating to small firms and gender equality — to be discussed for rule-making to enhance the relevance of the WTO.

Countries against this trade issue

India, and several countries mainly from the developing world, are against introduction of such ‘new issues’ into the Doha Round, saying it is important to first resolve outstanding issues such as the ones relating to food security and protection of poor farmers before taking up new topics.

The Doha Round

The Doha Round is the latest round of trade negotiations among the WTO membership.

Objective

Its aim is to achieve major reform of the international trading system through the introduction of lower trade barriers and revised trade rules.

Key facts

The work programme covers about 20 areas of trade.

The Round is also known semi-officially as the Doha Development Agenda as a fundamental objective is to improve the trading prospects of developing countries.

Background

  • The Round was officially launched at the WTO’s Fourth Ministerial Conference in Doha, Qatar, in November 2001. The Doha Ministerial Declaration provided the mandate for the negotiations, including on agriculture, services and an intellectual property topic, which began earlier.
  • In Doha, ministers also approved a decision on how to address the problems developing countries face in implementing the current WTO agreements.

📰 The Netherlands woos Indian start-ups (Business & Economy)

In news

The Netherlands is looking for Indian start-ups in the fields of ports, logistics, clean tech and medical science to scale up and contribute to its thriving port and port-related sectors as well as to the medical industry.

The Dutch environment is conducive for start-ups and the country attracts companies from all over the world, he said. In the past year, the growth of start-ups in the Netherlands was 31%.

Highlights

Indian start-ups, which would look at establishing themselves in the Netherlands, the country has some sort of regional sectoral division. “Rotterdam would be for port, clean tech, medical technology, food and energy.

Eindhoven, which was rated as the smartest region in the world, focusses on high tech, mobility and design. In Amsterdam, start-ups would be looking at sectors like creative industries, the Internet and the sharing economy. 


📰 How marine organisms degrade plastic bags {Biodiversity}

In news

  • A single plastic grocery bag could be shredded by marine organisms into over one million microscopic fragments, a study has found.
  • Marine scientists at the University of Plymouth examined the rate at which bags were broken down by the amphipod Orchestia gammarellus, which inhabits coastal areas in northern and western Europe.

Main aim

Their main aim was to discover whether different types of plastic and the presence of a biofilm — a layer of organic material which accumulates over time — altered the rate at which such organisms broke down plastic debris.

Speed

Through monitoring in the laboratory and on the shoreline, researchers demonstrated the bags were torn and stretched by Orchestia gammarellus, with micro plastics subsequently being found in and around their faecal matter.


📰 Mi-8’s saga comes to an end {Defence}

 In news

The Mi-8 covered itself in glory and bullet wounds in the Siachen, during the IPKF operations in Sri Lanka and a UN Mission in Congo, besides coming under fire from insurgents in the North East. It has been part of several scientific expeditions to Antarctica. Now it is being phased out.

Mi-8 (also called Pratap in the IAF) 

Background

The Mi-8s were inducted into the IAF in 1972 when they arrived in crates from erstwhile USSR to Mumbai where they were assembled and test-flown by Russian and Indian teams before being despatched to their first unit in Assam.  

What happened?

An Mi-8 was returning to base from an assignment and, to our horror, we saw its left main wheel was missing as it approached for landing. It must have dropped off mid-flight! We took a snap decision to do something perhaps never done before; we fixed the wheel on the helicopter even as it hovered and the Mi-8 landed, safely

Achievement

The helicopter has flown thousands of sorties during natural calamities and Wing Commander Yella Reddy was one of the pilots who scrambled on receiving news that a bus had been swept into a river 60 km north of Cudappah at a place called Chagalamarri.

The water had flooded the bus and its 65 occupants had clambered on to its roof where they spent the night.



 

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