The Hindu NOTES – 18th Dec, 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 18th Dec 2017

Date:- 18-Dec, 2017


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 Tentacle fencing prevents elephants from entering Gudalur dump yard {Biodiversity}

In news

After several trials and fixes, the installation of tentacle fencing, coupled with a monitoring system, has ensured that elephants do not enter the dump yard at Deivamalai in Gudalur (Tamil Nadu) for over a year now.

Why this fencing has been done?

The dump yard, located along Naduvattam-Gudalur Road, used to attract a host of wildlife, including elephants, looking to steal a quick meal from the vegetable and fruit waste dumped there.

Apart from the elephants, leopards, deer, hare, mongoose and even the elusive Nilgiri marten believed to have used the dump yard as a base to forage for food.


The installation of solar fences with tentacle-like projections (outward protrusions extending up to 5 feet in length from the main fence) ensured that there had been no breaches of the perimeter over the last year.

Moreover, a fence monitoring system, to keep tab on the voltage of the solar panels, battery, ground conductivity and on whether the battery was discharging power, has also been installed.

The parameters could be monitored remotely using a mobile device.

 No bag day’ in schools likely {Education}

In news

To reduce the burden of carrying textbooks and encourage creative thinking among children, the district education department has proposed “No bag day” on Saturday, December 23, across all schools — private as well as government — up to 10th Standard.


Children will not be bringing their bags. Teachers will be holding quiz, debate and painting competitions for children. The children would be made to read books in the library or do projects in the laboratory.

 U.S. failed to walk the talk on Pak.: Karzai {International Relation}


India should rethink its support to U.S. President Donald Trump’s Afghanistan policy. India has the right to ask the U.S. questions on [continuing support to Pakistan], and it must think and rethink its policy in view of changes and developments in Afghanistan

In news

The policy, which entailed a larger role in development work for India as well as more pressure on Pakistan to act against terrorist safe havens within its borders, was welcomed by New Delhi at the time.

Why should India rethink US policy?

Mr. Trump, who announced his new Afghan policy for South Asia in August this year, had failed to back his tough words on Pakistan with action.

While the U.S. still has to certify Pakistan is acting against the Haqqani network, the U.S. Congress also dropped a plan to add the Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad, that target India, to the list of groups Pakistan must be certified on for action taken.

 Zealous frog fathers guard eggs against ‘cannibals’ {Biodiversity}

In news

Male white-spotted bush frogs zealously watch over their eggs for 37 days, leaving only once tiny froglets emerge. If the adults lower their guard even for a day, other males ‘cannibalise’ the eggs.


Cannibalism is the act of one individual of a species consuming all or part of another individual of the same species as food. To consume the same species or show cannibalistic behavior is a common ecological interaction in the animal kingdom and has been recorded for more than 1,500 species.

Why these frogs protect their eggs?

If they don’t ptotect some eggs may be eaten by ants or infected by fungi. However, the main reason was that other male bush frogs entered the stem and ate unattended eggs. This is the first known instance of cannibalism among tree frogs of the Rhacophoridae family.

Bush frog

Its natural habitat is old growth tropical moist, semi-evergreen and mesic forest. It is threatened by habitat loss caused by harvesting of wood for subsistence purposes, infrastructure development for tourism, and fires.

 More info flow must for defence ties: USIBC official {International Relation}

In news

U.S. defence companies will not be able to partner with the Indian private sector under the ambitious Strategic Partnership (SP) policy, unless New Delhi concludes an agreement for sharing classified agreement with the U.S. government.


India and the U.S. have the General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) which was signed years ago and allows sharing of classified information from the U.S. government and American companies with the Indian government and defence public sector undertakings (DPSUs) but not with Indian private companies.

“Strategic partnership (SP)” policy

It will not only have to undertake extensive transfer of technology, but also provide formal assurances from their governments that they will get the necessary licenses to do so if selected.

objectives of this policy.

  • To reduce current dependence on imports.
  • To bolster defence manufacturing in India through indigenous private defence firms.

What are the salient features of this policy?

  • The SP model will initially be applicable in four segments: Submarines, Helicopters, Fighter Aircraft and Armoured fighting vehicles (AFV)/Main Battle Tanks (MBT).
  • Only one Strategic Partner will be selected per segment having 51% ownership.
  • The Strategic Partner will play the role of a System Integrator.
  • Strategic partner will be selected will be based on criteria of inherent capacity and ability of the vendor to emerge as a systems integrator and to set up a vendor network for sourcing.
  • The chosen SP will enter into tie-ups with foreign original equipment manufacturers (OEM).
  • The SP and OEM will jointly supply the required platforms to the armed forces.
  • To ensure ‘Make in India’, only a minimum number of platforms, not exceeding 10-15 per cent of the number of units being procured, can be manufactured in the OEM’s premises.

 Man-jumbo conflict keeps foresters on toes  {Biodiversity}

In news

The man-elephant conflict has assumed alarming proportions in Assam this year, raising the hackles of conservationists and compelling the State government to take initiatives to resolve the issue.

Altogether 70 elephants have died this year and causes vary from train accidents to poisoning and electrocution, according to the forest department.

Initiatives taken

The forest department has set up control rooms at its divisional offices to monitor the situation and anti-depredation squads have been set up in each division to deal with the problem.

The department along with North East Frontier Railways has organised awareness workshops for train drivers to help them tackle a situation arising out of elephant movement near railway tracks.

“The department will involve the local youths as volunteers to resolve the issue of man-elephant conflict,”.

 Jail, fine for distorting facts in passive euthanasia cases {Health Policy}

In news

  • Hospitals have to set up approval committees for considering cases of passive euthanasia, and any distortion of facts before such panels may lead to a maximum of 10 years in jail and a fine of up to ₹1 crore, a redrafted bill states.
  • Euthanasia, which is the withdrawal of medical treatment and life support system of a terminally-ill patient.

Highlights of the bill

  • The panels will decide on applications of ‘living will’, a written document that allows patients to explicitly state their desire against life-prolonging measures when recovery is not possible from a terminal condition.
  • The redrafted bill also provides for palliative care to patients even if they have opted for passive euthanasia
  • The redrafted bill did not encourage active euthanasia.

 WTO meet failure: India not blamed’ {Business & Economy}

In news

  • For the first time in the more than two-decade history of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), India was not blamed for the failure of a meeting of the global organisation’s apex decision.
  • India blamed for the failure of some of WTO’s ‘mini-ministerials’
  • The WTO’s Ministerial Conference had, on earlier occasions, ended without a Ministerial Declaration in Seattle (1999), Cancun (2003) and Geneva (in 2009 and partly in 2011) owing to a lack of consensus among member-nations from the rich and the poor world on issues relating to market-opening commitments in farm and industrial goods.

India’s effort in WTO

It protects food security right and centrality of development in multilateral trade negotiations as well as its views against the introduction of new issues like e-commerce, investment facilitation and norms relating to small firms into the ongoing Doha Round talks.

 Smartphone may help fight cybercrime {cyber security}

In news

Smartphones can be identified just by analysing one photo taken by the device, an advance that paves the way for a new authentication process — instead of fingerprints or passwords — to deter cybercrime.


Like snowflakes, no two smartphones are the same. Each device can be identified through a pattern of microscopic imaging flaws present in every picture.

It’s kind of like matching bullets to a gun, only we’re matching photos to a smartphone camera.

The technology could become part of the authentication process — like PIN numbers and passwords.


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