The Hindu NOTES – 19th Dec, 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 19th Dec 2017


Date:- 19-Dec, 2017

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 ‘Manuscript magazines’ a hit among statisticians {Art & Culture}

In news

Employees of the Economics and Statistics (E&S) Department in Kerala have launched manuscript magazines (Kaiyezhuthu Masika), with the aim of promoting Malayalam and giving a creative break to the staff from the drab world of statistics, surveys and computations.

Highlights

  • The popularity of these initiatives is now inspiring employees in other districts and departments to bring out their own magazines.
  • With their emphasis on calligraphy, manuscript magazines give a boost to the written form. The versatility of calligraphy helps to retain the vibrancy of the language.

Manuscript magazine

manuscript is an original copy of a work written by an author or composer, which generally follows standardized typographic and formatting rules. (The staff paper commonly used for handwritten music is, for this reason, often called “manuscript paper”)

CULTURAL BACKGROUND ¢ . Before the invention of printing all written documents had to be both produced and reproduced by hand ¢ In India, the palm leaf manuscripts with a distinctive long rectangular shape was used from the ancient times until the 19th century. ¢ Paper spread from China via the Islamic world to Europe by with century and by the late 15th century had largely replaced parchment for many purposes

In the contest of library science, a manuscript is defined as any hand written item in the collections of library. ¢ In books, magazines and music publishing a manuscript is an original copy of a work written by an author or composer, which generally follows standardized typographic and formatting rules. MODERN VARIATIONS

Background

Manuscript magazines with elegant calligraphy were once a popular and low-cost means of communication and channelling creativity. But the format started losing


 UPCOCA will be the remedy for crime: Yogi Adityanath {Internal Security}

In news

  • The Uttar Pradesh government recently approved a draft of a UPCOCA bill which was on the lines of the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act (MCOCA) to combat land mafia, mining mafia and organised crime.
  • He referred to the recent National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) report and lashed out at the state of affairs under the previous government when as many as 31 riots took place in one year and no FIRs were filed.

MCOCA – The Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act

It came into force in the year 1999 which has been extended to National capital Territory of Delhi and comes into force as Governor may by notification in Delhi gazette, appoint.

  • When any person commits an offence of organised crime which results in death of any person, accused are liable for punishment from life imprisonment to death and minimum fine of one lac.
  • In other cases accused are liable for punishment with imprisonment from five years to life imprisonment  and minimum fine upto five lac.
  • If any person  intentionally or knowingly conspires or attempts or advocates or abets or harbours or  conceals or attempts to harbour or conceal or a member of organised crime facilitates the commission of organised crime or any preparatory act shall be punished with imprisonment of five years to life imprisonment and a fine upto five lacs.
  • If any person holds property derived or obtained from commissions of organised crime shall be punished with imprisonment from three years to life imprisonment and minimum fine of two lacs.
  • If any person on behalf of a member of an organised crime syndicate possesses any movable or immovable property which is not satisfactorily accounted for, such person will be punished with imprisonment from three years to ten years and fine up to one lac and such property can be attached or forfeited.

 Rajasthan activists worried over court order on pictorial warning {Health Issue}

In news

Health activists in Rajasthan have expressed concern over the manufacturers of cigarette and other tobacco products getting the freedom to reduce the size of pictorial warning on their packs following a judgment of the Karnataka High Court.

Highlights

Cigarette companies have partially won a legal battle against the Union government with the Karnataka High Court on Friday last holding unconstitutional the Cigarette and Other Tobacco Products (Packaging and Labelling) Amendment Rules, 2014, which had enhanced to 85% the area of pictorial warning on the packages of cigarette and other tobacco products.

Now  the pictorial warnings will be printed only on 40% of principal area of the packages.


 Estate owners behind forest fires, say environmentalists {Environment}

In news

Forest fires in the green landscape of the Western Ghats during the winter at Somanakadu valley of Barimale in the Charmadi range has set off alarm bells among the greens in the locality.

Issue

Environmentalists allege that these are not “natural” but attempts by estate owners in the region to extend their boundaries illegally into reserve forest areas.

The region had seen forest fires this February too, destroying a vast extent of forest land, including Shola forests and grassland.

Consequences

  • Recurring forest fires and consequent encroachment of forest land will have a cascading effect on the flow of the Netravathi, which has already been drying up between Belthangady and Bantwal in the district. However, deficient rainfall this monsoon dried up all the water sources making the grass dry.
  • Many people have developed estates growing rambutan, rubber, coffee, among other produce at the foothills of the Western Ghats and have regularly been encroaching reserve forest lands. Modus operandi of estate owners is to set fire to the forest first year, spray chemicals next year to completely denude the region of any green cover, and extend the boundary the following year.
  • A forest fire is a natural disaster consisting of a fire which destroys a forested area, and can be a great danger to people who live in forests as well as wildlife. Forest fires are generally started by lightning, but also by human negligence or arson, and can burn thousands of square kilometers.
  • Forest fires, also known as wildfires, vegetation fire, grass fire, brush fire or bush fire, is common in vegetated areas of Australia, South Africa, United States and Canada, where climates are sufficiently moist to allow the growth of trees, but feature extended hot and dry periods.
  • Forest fires are caused by the drying out of branches, leaves and therefore becomes highly flammable.

Fires can do weird things including:

  • Crawling – spreads from bush to bush
  • Crown – spread at an incredible pace through the top of the forest.  These are dangerous as it can deprive people under the fire of oxygen to feed the fire.
  • Jumping / Spotting – Burning branches and leaves carried away by wind

To prevent fires, there are large firefighter services including planes, fire trucks, as well as small extinguishers depending on the severity of the fire.


 Plea in SC seeks OBC status for farmers {Social Issue}

In news

The Supreme Court has decided to entertain a writ petition seeking ‘farmers’ who do not fall within the creamy layer to be recognised as Other Backward Classes (OBC) as an occupational group irrespective of their caste and religion.

PIL

The PIL argued that the inclusion would arm the ryots with constitutional rights to protect their livelihood. The court asked the Centre, the Gujarat government and the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) to respond to the petition.


 Govt. plans to dispose of enemy properties soon {Governance}

 In news

Properties belonging to people who had left for countries like Pakistan after Partition and which are free from any legal tangle will soon be disposed

The Minister directed that considering the importance of the new provisions in the Enemy Property Act, 2017, which was amended recently to include disposal/transfer of enemy properties, the rules may be notified expeditiously.


 Bill to amend Indian Forest Act tabled in Lok Sabha {POLITY}

In news:

  • The Indian Forest (Amendment) Bill, 2017 amends the Indian Forest Act to exempt felling and transportation of bamboo grown in non-forest areas from the state permit
  • It would omit bamboos growing in non-forest areas from the definition of trees

Background

  • Last month, the government had come out with an ordinance to amend the Indian Forest Act, 1927 in this regard
  • Prior to issuance of the ordinance, the definition of tree in the Act included palm, bamboo, brushwood and cane

Why such a move?

  • Bamboo, though taxonomically a grass, is treated as tree under the Act and attracts the requirement of permit for transit
  • While many states have exempted felling and transit of various species of bamboos within the states, the interstate movement of bamboos require permit
  • The farmers are facing hardships in getting the permits for felling and transit of bamboos which acts as a major impediment to the cultivation of bamboos by farmers on their land.

 Trump to unveil ‘America First’ plan {INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS}

 In news:

  • President Donald Trump is all set to outline a new national security strategy.
  • The new strategy envisions nations in a perpetual state of competition, reverses Obama-era warnings on climate change, and de-emphasises multinational agreements that have dominated the U.S.’s foreign policy since the Cold War.

 “America First” plan:

  • If fully implemented could sharply alter the U.S.’s relationships with the rest of the world.
  • The plan focuses on four main themes — protecting the homeland and way of life; promoting American prosperity; demonstrating peace through strength; and advancing American influence in an ever-competitive world.
  • The U.S. will stand up for itself even if that means acting unilaterally or alienating others on issues like trade, climate change and immigration, according to people familiar with the strategy.

 U.S. vetoes UN call on Jerusalem’s status {INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS}

In news:

  • The U.S. President Donald Trump had declared to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.
  • United Nations Security Council: called for the declaration to be withdrawn.
  • Egyptian-drafted resolution: The resolution expressed “deep regret at recent decisions concerning the status of Jerusalem”.
  • The U.S has vetoed the resolution where as all the other remaining 14 members voted in favour of the Egyptian-drafted resolution.
  • The draft UN resolution had also called upon all countries to refrain from establishing diplomatic missions in Jerusalem.

Basic Information:

  • The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
  • Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
  • The Security Council consists of fifteen members. The great powers that were the victors of World War II—the Soviet Union (now represented by the Russian Federation), the United Kingdom, France, Republic of China (now represented by the People’s Republic of China), and the United States—serve as the body’s five permanent members.
  • These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary-General.
  • The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms. The body’s presidency rotates monthly among its members.


 

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