The Hindu NOTES – 22nd Dec, 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 22nd, Dec 2017


Date:- 22-Dec, 2017

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 U.P. Assembly passes UPCOC Bill, Oppn. dubs it ‘black law {Security}

In news

The Uttar Pradesh Assembly on 21st-Dec, 2017 passed the stringent Uttar Pradesh Control of Organised Crimes (UPCOC) Bill, 2017.

The Bill was tabled by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath to enact a law on the lines of the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act (MCOCA). It entails stern punishment for those trying to dislodge the government forcibly or violently.

Highlights

  • Agencies like anti-terrorism squad (ATS), special task force (STF), special investigation team (SIT) and Women Powerline had been energised.
  • UPCOCA would appropriate the fundamental rights guaranteed to citizens under the Constitution and would lead to times worst than the Emergency.
  • Bill would allow unbridled power to the police and magistrates to harass political opponents, the media and all those who raised their voice against the ruling dispensation.

MCOCA – The Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act

It came into force in the year 1999 which has been extended to National capital Territory of Delhi and comes into force as Governor may by notification in Delhi gazette, appoint.

  • When any person commits an offence of organised crime which results in death of any person, accused are liable for punishment from life imprisonment to death and minimum fine of one lac.
  • In other cases accused are liable for punishment with imprisonment from five years to life imprisonment  and minimum fine upto five lac.
  • If any person  intentionally or knowingly conspires or attempts or advocates or abets or harbours or  conceals or attempts to harbour or conceal or a member of organised crime facilitates the commission of organised crime or any preparatory act shall be punished with imprisonment of five years to life imprisonment and a fine upto five lacs.
  • If any person holds property derived or obtained from commissions of organised crime shall be punished with imprisonment from three years to life imprisonment and minimum fine of two lacs.
  • If any person on behalf of a member of an organised crime syndicate possesses any movable or immovable property which is not satisfactorily accounted for, such person will be punished with imprisonment from three years to ten years and fine up to one lac and such property can be attached or forfeited.

 ‘India may be a $7 tn economy by 2030’ {Economic Policy}

In news

India could become a $7 trillion economy by 2030, according to Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council (PMEAC) and NITI Aayog Member Bibek Debroy even as another council member said that growth had been 2% lower since 2011 due to the priority given to long-term structural changes.

How?

If exchange rate remains what it is today then, by 2035-40, India will be $10 trillion economy. And if the exchange rate appreciates, then India will be a $10 trillion economy before 2035.”

What India needs to do to achieve this target?

  • India needs to grow by 7% annually to become a $10 trillion economy by 2030.
  • focus of government expenditure should be on non-tradable assets — such as infrastructure — because most of that demand will stay in the economy.

 Centre moots home rooftop solar grants {Energy}

In news

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has proposed that subsidies could be provided for encouraging rooftop solar installations in residences, according to a concept paper.

Concept Paper

  • In the paper, the Ministry examines ways to boost the country’s rooftop solar capacity, including the provision of subsidies, since the current electricity tariffs do not make it economically viable for residents to adopt rooftop solar.
  • It also explores the idea of bringing distribution companies to the forefront of implementing rooftop solar.
  • It is understood that a policy shift is required for expeditious implementation of rooftop solar program and this can only be achieved by reducing complexity of the implementing mechanism.

Proposal

It is proposed that CFA (central financial assistance) will be provided only for installation of RTS plants in residential sectors. The residential users may install the RTS plant of capacity as per their requirement and the respective SERC regulation, however, the CFA will be limited up to 5 kWp (kilowatt peak) capacity of RTS plant.

CFA will not be available for other categories i.e. residential (beyond 5 kWp), institutional, social, government, commercial and industrial sectors as the beneficiaries in these sectors are high tariff paying consumers and adoption of solar would be economically beneficial for them.


 India-China border talks today {International Relation}

 In news

  • India and China will hold the 20th round of negotiations on the border issues.
  • The meeting will be headed by special representatives from both sides, National Security Advisor Ajit Doval and his Chinese counterpart Yang Jiechi.
  • Various issues like the One Belt One Road initiative, China’s opposition to Indian membership at the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and the Indian opposition to China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) might feature in the talks.

What are the major concerns for India?

China will be willing to change the name of CPEC to address India’s concerns regarding CPEC. “We can change name of CPEC (China Pakistan Economic Corridor). Create an alternate corridor through Jammu and Kashmir, Nathu La pass or Nepal to deal with India’s concerns

A new issue on the ground that may also feature is the issue of the pollution of the Siang river which has contaminated the flow of the mighty Brahmaputra in Assam.

Pollution of the Siang river which has contaminated the flow of the mighty Brahmaputra in Assam.


Arab outreach works, as India votes for negotiated settlement of Jerusalem {International Relation}

In news

Reiterating its traditional policy on the Israel-Palestine dispute, India on 21st December voted for a negotiated settlement of the Jerusalem issue at the UN General Assembly with 127 other member countries.

India and Israel-Palestine dispute

  • Traditional policy stance:India voted for a negotiated settlement of the Jerusalem issue at the UN General Assembly with 127 other member countries.
  • The resolution expressed deep “regret” on the December 7 declaration by U.S. President Donald Trump recognising Jerusalem as the capital.

Positive impacts

  • The move is likely to serve India well as high-level visits are reportedly being planned between several Arab countries and India.

About the resolution

  • The resolution, co-sponsored by Turkey and Yemen, called Trump’s recognition “null and void” and reaffirmed 10 Security Council resolutions on Jerusalem dating back to 1967
  • These include requirements that the city’s final status must be decided in direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians
  • It also demands that all states comply with Security Council resolutions regarding the holy city of Jerusalem and not to recognize any actions or measures contrary to those resolutions

Shift in Indian Policy toward Israel-Palestine conflict

  • New Delhi has, as a norm, always voted in favor of Palestine at the UN
  • But in July 2015 it abstained from a vote against Israel at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva
  • This was seen as a subtle shift in India’s policy towards the Israeli-Palestinian issue

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