The Hindu NOTES – 30th Nov 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 30th Nov 2017



Date:- 30-NOV, 2017

Archive



📰 U.S. now within range of N. Korea’s nuclear weapons {INTERNATIONAL}

In news

North Korea said it had successfully tested a powerful new intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) that put all of the US mainland within range, declaring it had achieved its long-held goal of becoming a nuclear power.

Highlights

North Korea said the new powerful missile reached an altitude of around 4,475 km (2,780 miles) – more than 10 times the height of the international space station – and flew 950 km (600 miles) during its 53-minute flight.

Timeline

  • On July 4, North Korea launched its first ICBM, Hwasong-14, which reached an altitude of 2,802 km (1,741 miles) and a range of 933 km (580 miles) during a flight of 39 minutes, North Korea’s state media reported.
  • A second test of the Hwasong-14 on July 28 exhibited improved performance, with the missile flying for about 47 minutes to an altitude of 3,724 km (2,313 miles) and a range of 998 km (620 miles), according to state media.
  • The second flight showed the missile has a range of more than 10,000 km (6,213 miles), potentially putting the U.S. West Coast within range, analysts have said.
  • The previous two ICBM tests in July were launched from Panghyon airfield in North Pyongan Province, and in Mupyong-ni, Chagang Province, respectively.
  • Other, shorter range missiles have been launched from a variety of locations as well, including at least two intermediate-range ballistic missiles that flew over Japanese airspace in August and September.
  • The last of those missiles was launched at Sunan, just north of Pyongyang, from a “transporter erector launcher,” a road-mobile vehicle that can make it more difficult to track and target missiles before they are launched.

US Concern

  • The United States warned North Korea’s leadership it would be “utterly destroyed” if war were to break out after Pyongyang test fired its most advanced missile, putting the U.S. mainland within range, in violation of U.N. Security Council resolutions.
  • The Trump administration has repeatedly said all options are on the table in dealing with North Korea’s ballistic and nuclear weapons programmes, including military ones, but that it still prefers a diplomatic option.
  • Speaking at an emergency U.N. Security Council meeting, U.S. ambassador Nikki Haley said the United States had never sought war with North Korea.

📰  Singapore offers India logistical base {BILATERAL RELATIONS}

  • India and Singapore agreed on greater cooperation and activity in the Strait of Malacca and the Andaman Sea.
  • The two countries concluded a bilateral agreement for naval cooperation, which includes maritime security, joint exercises and temporary deployments from the naval facilities of each other and mutual logistical support.
  • “I not only support but I would also encourage the Indian Navy to visit the Changi naval base more often. The bilateral naval agreement has provision for mutual logistical support,” Singapore Defence Minister said.
  • Early this year, the Indian Navy permanently deployed a frontline warship at the mouth of the strait to keep an eye on the increasing Chinese movements in the Indian Ocean as part of its mission-based deployment.
  • The agreement would give the Navy the ability for extended deployments in the region.
  • The strait is considered a critical choke point for global commerce and is seen by China as a vulnerability for its energy security. The development is likely to be followed closely by Beijing.

📰 Govt. may meld Make in India with Invest India, says Prabhu {ECONOMY}

  • The Centre is mulling a new approach that institutionalises the combined strengths of its ‘Make In India’ (MII) and ‘Invest India’ initiatives with an aim to streamline them for attracting more investments, including from overseas, in the manufacturing sector.
  • The MII was unveiled in September 2014 to “transform India into a global design and manufacturing hub” while ‘Invest India’ is the government’s investment promotion and facilitation agency.
  • The government was also trying to improve the Start-up India policy by studying why only 74 start-ups had qualified for tax benefits since the policy was unveiled in January 2016.

📰 Indus civilisation developed around extinct river: study {Sci & Tech}

  • Contrary to current belief, it was the departure of a large river — not its arrival — that triggered the growth of Indus urban centres that developed in what is now northwest India and Pakistan some 5,300 years ago, says a new study, led by researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur and Imperial College London.
  • The Indus civilisation developed at about the same time as urban civilisations developed in Mesopotamia and Egypt.
  • Archaeological evidence shows that many of the settlements in the Indus civilisation developed along the banks of a river called the Ghaggar-Hakra.
  • But the new study has now provided evidence that a major Himalayan river did not flow at the same time as the development of Indus civilisation urban settlements.
  • The study shows that today’s Sutlej River used to flow along the Ghaggar-Hakra dried river channel, or palaeochannel, but rapidly changed course upstream 8,000 years ago.
  • This meant that 3,000 years later, when the Indus people settled the area, there was only an abandoned large river valley occupied by seasonal monsoon river flow instead of a large Himalayan river.

📰 India unlikely to cut malaria burden by half in 2020: WHO {Sci & Tech}

India accounted for 6% of global malaria cases and 7% of deaths caused by it in 2016, according to a report released on Wednesday by the World Health Organisation (WHO). This is in the same ballpark as last year, though the WHO figures also suggest that India is unlikely to reduce its case burden beyond 40% by 2020.

In contrast, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Kyrgyzstan achieved malaria-free status in 2015 and 2016 respectively. A key impediment to eliminating malaria is a weak surveillance system. India and Nigeria, two major contributors to the global burden of malaria, were able to detect only 8% and 16% of cases respectively via the system

Moreover, 51% of Plasmodium vivax cases — the milder cousin of the P. falciparum — were traced in India. This could at least be partially explained by resistance to chloroquine, the first line treatment to P. vivax infections that has been detected in pockets of the country earlier this decade.

For a long time, P. falciparum dominated India’s case burden and, though its share has decreased, there is a slight increase in malaria cases by other parasites.

Bhutan, Nepal, Thailand, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Indonesia, says the WHO, are among the countries poised to reduce malaria incidence by over 40% by 2020. India — due to low funding per person at risk and resistance to certain frontline insecticides — is only expected to achieve a 20%-40% reduction.


📰 Coops can’t use ‘bank’ in names: RBI {Economy}

The RBI has asked co-operative societies not use the word ‘bank’ in their names as it violates Section 7 of the Banking Regulation Act.

In a statement, the Reserve Bank said that it has also “come to the notice” that some co-operative societies are accepting deposits from public which tantamount to conducting banking business in violation of the provisions of the Act. “It has come to the notice of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) that some co-operative Societies are using the word “bank” in their names.

 


 

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