The HINDU Notes – 03rd JUNE 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis For UPSC CSE)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY CURRENT AFFAIR’s NOTE 03 June


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Prithvi-II missile successfully test-firedImage result for Prithvi-II missile

India successfully test-fired its indigenously developed nuclear-capable Prithvi-II missile from a test range in Odisha as part of a user trial by the Army.

Key facts:

  • The trial of the surface-to-surface missile, which has a strike range of 350 km, was carried out from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur.
  • The Prithvi-II missile is capable of carrying 500 kg to 1,000 kg of warheads and is thrusted by liquid propulsion twin engines. It uses advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target with precision and accuracy.
  • The state-of-the-art missile was randomly chosen from the production stock and the entire launch activities were carried out by the specially formed strategic force command (SFC) and monitored by the scientists of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as part of training exercise.
  • Inducted into Indian armed forces in 2003, the nine-metre tall, single-stage liquid-fuelled Prithvi II is the first missile to have been developed by the DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.

Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme:

The Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) was conceived by renowned scientist Dr A P J Abdul Kalam to enable India attain self-sufficiency in the field of missile technology.

  • Kalam, the then Director of Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL). headed a Missile Study Team to weigh the feasibility of the programme.
  • The team included members from the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). the Army. Navy and Air Force. and Defence Production.

The three Services in giving shape to the strategic, indigenous missile systems.

The missiles developed under the programme were:–

  • Short-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile Prithvi
  • Intermediate-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile Agni
  • Short-range low-level surface-to-air missile Trishul
  • Medium-range surface-to-air missile Akash
  • Third generation anti-tank missile Nag
  • Land, Air and Surface missile BRAHMOS

The Agni which was initially conceived as a technology demonstrator project in the form of a re-entry vehicle, was later upgraded to a ballistic missile with different ranges.


Trump pulls US out of Paris climate pact, hits out at China, India

  • TheParis climate agreementgives undue advantage to India and China at the cost of the Unite States’ interests, President Donald Trump said, announcing America’s withdrawal from the pact.
  • “Chinawill be allowed to build hundreds of additional coal plants. So we can’t build the plants, but they can, according to this agreement.India will be allowedto double its coal production by 2020. Think of it: India can double their coal production. We’re supposed to get rid of ours,” the President said, adding that the agreement “is less about the climate and more about other countries gaining a financial advantage over the U.S.”
  • According to Mr. Trump, the Paris agreement would lead to a redistribution of American wealth to other countries and transfer of American jobs abroad.
  • His predecessorBarack Obama had argued that by promoting a global climate regime, the U.S would create wealth and jobs at home. He had showcased the Indian and Chinese endorsement of the Paris accord as a key diplomatic success of his presidency.
  • Turning that argument on its head, Mr. Trump said the agreement was “very unfair, at the highest level, to the United States.” “For example,under the agreement, China will be able to increase these emissions by a staggering number of years — 13. They can do whatever they want for 13 years. Not us. India makes its participation contingent on receiving billions and billions and billions of dollars in foreign aid from developed countries,” Mr. Trump said.
  • “Thus, as of today, the United States will cease all implementation of the non-binding Paris Accord and the draconian financial and economic burdens the agreement imposes on our country,” the President said.
  • Carbon reduction targets that American set under Paris commitment aimed to reduce emissions by 26-28% in a decade.
  • America has stopped contributing to the Green Climate Fund set up under the Paris agreement to support developing countries meet their commitment. The Obama administration had committed $ 3 billion to the fund of which $1 billion has been transferred.
  • Mr. Obama condemned the decision. “It was steady, principled American leadership on the world stage that made that achievement possible,” he said of the Paris agreement. “…. And what made that leadership and ambition possible was America’s private innovation and public investment in growing industries like wind and solar – industries that created some of the fastest new streams of good-paying jobs in recent years, and contributed to the longest streak of job creation in our history,” the former President said.

 

Green Climate Fund (GCF)

  • It is a fund established in 2010 within the framework of the UNFCCC founded as a mechanism to assist developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.
  • The GCF is based in the new Songdo district of Incheon, South Korea.
  • “The Green Climate Fund will support projects, programmes, policies and other activities in developing country Parties.
  • It is intended to be the centrepiece of efforts to raise Climate Finance of $100 billion a year by 2020. This is not an official figure for the size of the Fund itself, however.
  • Disputes also remain as to whether the funding target will be based on public sources, or whether “leveraged” private finance will be counted towards the total.

Army to induct 18 Dhanush artillery guns this year

In news:

  • The first regiment of 18 Dhanush artillery guns, theindigenously upgraded variant of the Swedish Bofors guns, is scheduled to be inducted into the Army by the end of the year.

Features:

  • Dhanush is an upgraded version, based on the original design of the Swedish 155-mm Bofors howitzers, which India procured in the mid-1980s.
  • It is a 155-mm, 45-calibre gun with a maximum range of 40 km in salvo mode, compared to the 39-calibre, 27-km range of the original guns.

ISRO abuzz over heavy-lift rocket launch on June 5

  • ISRO’s GSLV-Mk III-D1 rocket, carrying communication satellite GSAT-19 weighing 3,136 kgs, is scheduled for launch on June 5, 2017.
  • The indigenous GSLV-Mark III makes a bid to breach a heavy-lift rocket club that can put four-tonne satellites into space. The U.S., Russia, Europe, China and Japan are already there.
  • It will mean that soon, Indian communication satellites can be lofted into space from within the country. It will also improve ISRO’s ability to reach heavier satellites to both – the higher geostationary transfer orbit or GTO of 36,000 km; and to low-Earth orbit or LEO of up to 800 km.
  • What we now have with MkII is capability for lifting 2.2 tonnes to GTO. This rocket will give us a higher weight capability than what we now have, for both GTO and LEO.
  • The need for a 4T launcher has become urgent in recent years. The first and second generation Indian communication spacecraft used until the late 1990s were around 2,000 kg (two tonnes) with about 24 transponders. Today they are over 3 tonnes and carry more transponders.
Geosynchronous transfer orbit or geostationary transfer orbit (GTO)   

  • It is a Hohmann transfer orbit used to reach geosynchronous or geostationary orbit using high thrust chemical engines.
  • Geosynchronous orbits (GSO) are useful for various civilian and military purposes, but demand a great deal of Delta-v to attain.
  • Since, for station-keeping, satellites intended for this orbit typically carry highly efficient but low thrust engines, total mass delivered to GSO is generally maximized if the launch vehicle provides only the Delta-v required to be at high thrust–i.e., to escape Earth’s atmosphere and overcome gravitational losses–and the satellite provides the Delta-v required to turn the resulting intermediate orbit, which is the GTO, into the useful GSO.

 


 Odisha may give lessons in disaster preparedness

In news:

  • Odisha, the country’s disaster prone state is credited with pioneering works in the field of disaster management.
  • Odisha may impart lessons on cyclone preparedness to 14 Pacific island nations that are hit by tropical cyclones at regular intervals.
  • Odisha has also adopted a “Mission Zero Casualty’ policy for all disasters.

Management practices

  • 1999 super cyclone: 10,000 people lost their life.
  • Odisha then on wards has continuously added to its manpower and infrastructure needed for disaster preparedness.

Practice:

  • Micro-level preparedness: When a cyclone is forecast to hit the Odisha coast, emphasis is laid onmicro-level preparedness, besides macro-planning.
  • Even at the village level, disaster machinery prepare a list of pregnant women and the differently-abled people. This helps in evacuations and handling of emergency situations at hospitals.
  • Odisha has been training the local communities on how to deal with disasters.
  • The Odisha Disaster Rapid Action Force (ODRAF) has been in the forefront of rescue activities during disasters in other States. The State has so far raised 10 units of ODRAF and 10 more units will be deployed soon. About 400 multipurpose cyclone and flood shelters have been constructed and 400 more shelter buildings are set to be built. The Red Cross also built 65 cyclone shelters.

 India has 31% of world’s poor kids: report

About 31% of the world’s “multidimensionally poor” children live in India, according to a new report by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), a poverty reduction project grounded in economist Amartya Sen’s ‘capability approach’.

Report:

  • In terms of countries, fully 31% of the 689 million poor children live in India, followed by Nigeria (8%), Ethiopia (7%) and Pakistan (6%),” noted the survey, titled ‘Global Multidimensional Poverty Index [MPI], 2017’.
  • OPHI is an economic research centre at the Oxford University, led by Professor Sabina Alkire, and the study is based on a survey conducted among 103 countries.
  • In terms of the number of such multidimensionally poor children as a proportion of the total population, India stood 37th among 103 countries. Out of India’s 217 million (21.7 crore) children, 49.9% were multidimensionally poor. However, the survey pointed out that the data for India were “somewhat outdated”, being based on the Indian Human Development Survey of 2011-2012.

Staggering number

  • In terms of absolute numbers, India accounts for both the highest and a staggering number of multi-dimensionally poor people. Sadly, more than 528 million (52.8 crore) Indians are poor, which is more people than all the poor people living in Sub-Saharan Africa combined. It further stated that nearly 50% of the children in 103 countries were multidimensionally poor.
  • Of the 1.45 billion (145 crore) people (from the 103 countries) who are multidimensionally poor; 48% are children. That is a total of 689 million (68.9 crore) children who live in multidimensional poverty.
  • According to the study, 87% of the multidimensionally poor children lived in South Asia (44 percent) and Sub-Saharan Africa (43%). “In Ethiopia, Niger, and South Sudan, over 90 % of the children are MPI poor.

What is Multidimensionally poor?

A “multidimensionally poor” child is one who lacks at least one-third of ten indicators, grouped into three dimensions of poverty: health, education and standard of living.

  1. The health dimension comprises indicators such as nutrition, child mortality, and education.
  2. Under standard of living are indicators such as access to cooking fuel, improved sanitation, safe drinking water, electricity, flooring, and asset ownership.

Conclusion:

wake-up call to the international community which has adopted the global Sustainable Development Goals and takes seriously Goal 1, the eradication of poverty in all its forms and dimensions.


Second World War artefacts set to fly to the U.S.

  • Starting a rare bilateral exercise, India in June will return the mortal remains of American aviators who had perished in the Arunachal Himalayas during World War II.
  • In an announcement, the Ministry of External Affairs said a joint team of the U.S. Department of Defence Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Accounting Agency (DPAA) and the Anthropological Survey of India (AnSI) had confirmed that the recovered remains were genuine.
  • A lot of remains of the missing soldiers could be recovered as human skeletal remains can survive for centuries.
  • Most of the crashed aircraft belonged to China National Air Corporation (CNAC), founded by the nationalist Chinese government of Chiang Kai Shek.
  • It employed a large number of American and nationalist Chinese soldiers and aviators who were tasked with bringing war supplies from British-ruled India to China. But during the operation, which included thousands of flights across the high altitude Arunachal Himalayas, many planes crashed.
  • In recent years, American family members have demanded the return of physical remains.

Netaji file is not closed: Centre

  • Days after it said in an RTI response that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose died in 1945 in a plane crash in Taiwan, the Home Ministry said that the reply was based on a “conclusion arrived at by the then UPA government in 2006” and it was willing to examine any new facts if they came up in future.
  • The government’s clarification on the founder of the Indian National Army came after West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee attacked the NDA government for handling the matter “casually.”
  • “After considering the reports of the Shahnawaz Committee, the Justice G.D. Khosla Commission and Justice Mukherjee Commission of Enquiry, the Government has come to the conclusion that Netaji has died in a plane crash in 1945,” said the reply to the RTI query filed by activist Sayak Sen.
  • The official said that instead of “has,” the reply should have said, “had,” which made it suggest that the government had come to a conclusion about Netaji’s death.

GST Council set to discuss July 1 deadline

  • The Goods and Services Tax Council will meet on 3rd June 2017 in the capital to finalise tax rates on goods such as textiles, footwear, gold, beedis and cigarettes, biscuits, bio-diesel, and agricultural implements.
  • The Council will also discuss the possibility of postponing the roll out of the new tax regime from the current deadline of July 1,according to officials in the Ministry of Finance.
  • West Bengal Finance Minister Amit Mitra has stressed this week that the state is not entirely prepared to kick off the new tax regime from July.
  • Finance Ministry officials also said that the Council would discuss some revisions in the rates of goods and services already set.


 

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