The Hindu NOTES – 07th Jan, 2018(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis

07th-Jan, 2018


Date:- 07th-Jan, 2018

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GDP growth seen slowing to 4-year low of 6.5% in 2017-18 {Indian Economy}


In news

The Central Statistics Office (CSO) forecast that GDP growth in the current financial year ending March 31 will slow to a four-year low of 6.5%, from the provisional 7.1% pace seen in 2016-17, dragged down by deceleration in the agriculture and manufacturing sectors.

Few Stats to support the prediction

  • Gross Value Added (GVA) was also projected to expand by 6.1% in 2017-18, slowing from 6.6% in the preceding fiscal year, according to the first advance estimates of national income for 2017-18.
  • Within this, the GVA growth rate for ‘agriculture, forestry and fishing’ is expected to slow sharply to 2.1%, compared with the previous year’s 4.9% pace.
  • Manufacturing sector growth has been forecast at 4.6% in 2017-18, compared with the 7.9% expansion provisionally estimated for 2016-17.

T.N. on top in higher education enrolment {Education Policy}


In news

Tamil Nadu has emerged as the leader in the country in terms of Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education.

Growth rate

State lead with a GER of 46.9%. Among Union Territories, Chandigarh recorded 56.1%.

Bihar, Assam, West Bengal and Odisha posted low GERs of 14.4%, 17.2%, 18.5% and 21% respectively. Uttar Pradesh fared marginally better at 24.9%, close to the national average.

GER for higher education is calculated for the age group 18-23.

Across gender

  • Tamil Nadu has also done very well in terms of male and female GER figures, as also the figures for the Scheduled Castes.
  • With a female GER of 45.6% , the State is just behind two Union Territories, Chandigarh and Delhi.
  • Among men, again Tamil Nadu at 48.2% tops the list followed by the UTs of Chandigarh and Delhi. At 38%, it also has the highest GER for Scheduled Castes.

Bring SC, ST residential schools under CCTV surveillance: OHRC {Social Justice}


In news

Odisha Human Rights Commission has directed the State government to bring all such school premises under the surveillance of closed-circuit television cameras.

Recommendation

  • The commission recommends that the premises of residential schools be fitted with CCTV cameras. No male should have access to hostels where girl students are lodged.
  • The school and hostel premises must be well lit and proper hygiene maintained.
  • Girl students of residential schools under no circumstances should be utilised for attending to the household chores of the headmaster or any of the teachers, and their services should not be utilised in errands.
  • No girl student can be allowed to leave the hostel premises after the hour of sunset and before the hour of sunrise.
  • Daily attendance of boarders should be taken in the evening, and if any student falls sick, he or she should be immediately provided treatment by taking him or her to the nearest hospital”.

Gaming addiction gets mental disorder tag {Health Issue}


In news

“Gaming disorder” will be recognised as a mental health issue later this year following expert consensus over the addictive risks associated with playing electronic games.

The disorder will be listed in the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), to be published in June.

Pattern of gaming behaviour, that can be digital gaming or video gaming

Video Game Addiction

Compulsive video gaming is a modern-day psychological disorder that experts tell WebMD is becoming more and more popular.

is a hypothetical behavioral addiction characterized by excessive or compulsive use of computer games or video games, which interferes with a person’s everyday life. Video game addiction may present itself as compulsive gaming, social isolation, mood swings, diminished imagination, and hyper-focus on in-game achievements, to the exclusion of other events in life.


Crossings: Tigers in 26 reserves under threat {Biodiversity}


In news

The team found that if unplanned development continued, it could result in a 56% higher average extinction probability for tigers within protected areas, due to lack of genetic connectivity.

Highlights

If the same rate of landscape change as we have seen for the past 12 years continues, small tiger populations like the ones in Bor and Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary are unlikely to survive into the next century

Rituals and roadkills

Scientists found some years ago that religious tourism, which is concentrated across a few months of the year, also killed 56 species on roads passing through the Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve; they recorded a 299% increase in roadkills and a 648% increase in deaths of nocturnal species during this period over the baseline.


Medaram’s Jatara to get national tag {Culture}


 In news

The central government is likely to declare Medaram’s Sammakka-Sarakka/Saralamma Jataraa national festival.

Highlights

  • The massive event is held bi-annually in Jayashankar Bhupalpallydistrict to honour the twin goddesses Sammakka and her daughter Sarakka.
  • Union government had in 2015 declared Vanaj, a tribal dance and music festival, as national festival.
  • Sammakka-Sarakka Jataraheld by forest-dwelling Koya tribe of Telangana and surrounding States, is the biggest Tribal festival in Asia which is attended by one crore people on an average.
  • Once declared a national festival, Jatara can be considered for ‘intangible cultural heritage of humanity’ tag of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).
  • UNESCO had given the tag to Kumbh Mela, which is world’s biggest festival which sees participation by up to 10 crore persons.
  • Out of the huge congregation which comes to Medaram, 50 % are non-adivasi making the Jatara the most popular Tribal festival in India.
  • People from Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh come for the festival.
  • Several communities in Telangana society support Jatara as it is also a mythical narrative of two tribal women leaders who fought against the Kakatiya rulers who tried to annex their land and forests.

Now, Citizenship Bill hangs fire {Governance}


 In news

The Citizenship Bill, 2016

  • The Bill amends the Citizenship Act, 1955, to make undocumented Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian migrants from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan eligible for citizenship. However, it bars documentation of Muslims from neighboring countries.
  • It was referred to a Joint Select Committee of Parliamentin August 2016.

Legal provisions relating to acquisition and termination of citizenship of India are contained in the Citizenship Act, 1955.

Citizenship of India can be acquired by:

· Birth

· Descent

· Registration

· Naturalization

· Incorporation of territory

· Termination

· Renunciation

· Acquisition of another country

· Deprivation


Kerala battles a new health risk {Health Issue}


In news

With antimicrobial resistance (AMR) emerging as a major concern in the health as well as allied sectors such as veterinary, dairy, fisheries and poultry, Kerala is all set to launch its strategic action plan for tackling AMR.

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)

  • Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is emerging as a major concern in the health as well as allied sectors such as veterinary, dairy, fisheries and poultry.
  • Kerala is all set to launch its strategic action plan for tackling AMR.
  • Main thrust area:Drastic changes in antibiotic prescription policies and practices will have to be ushered in to tackle AMR, which has already reached dangerous levels in Kerala.

Curbing antibiotic use

  • The State intends to set up an AMR surveillance networkto have a clear understanding of the drug-resistant pathogens in the community, reducing the irrational consumption of antibiotics, and ensuring that rational antibiotic prescription policies are followed by the medical fraternity.
  • AMR surveillance in the State is currently restricted to the sample studies done in tertiary care hospitals but this hardly reflects the situation in the community.
  • The AMR surveillance data from seven tertiary care centres, including five government medical colleges in Kerala, have reported that resistance to Colistin, the last-mile antibiotic available to treat pan-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • ‘One Health’ platform: One Health is a recent global concept that the health of humans is linked to the health of animals and environment.

‘Green’ crackers on the anvil {Biodiversity}


 In news

  • In a bid to fight air pollution, Science and Environment Ministerhas tasked the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research to come up with a way to make crackers that are “environmentally friendly”.
  • Several CSIR laboratories have come together and are putting together a robust S&T strategy for development of eco-friendly firecrackers and fireworks.
  • The first phase will cover reduction of pollutants, while future strategies will cover removal of pollutants from the compositions.

Cracker and its harmful effects

  • Other than smoke-aggravating partially-burnt paper that sheaths the gunpowder in crackers, metals in fireworks such as strontium and bariumare toxic to human and animal health, and the burning process produces other harmful emissions such as polychlorinated hydrocarbons.
  • A key ingredient in several crackers is perchloate and replacing them with nitrogen-rich materials or nitrocellulose could make them burn cleaner and produce less smoke, according to a report in the Chemical & Engineering News, of the American Chemical Society.

 

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