The Hindu NOTES – 10th Jan, 2018(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis


Date:- 10th-Jan, 2018

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Playing of national anthem in cinema halls made optional {Social Justice}


In news

The Supreme Court on 9th Dec, 2017 modified its November 30, 2016 interim order and made it optional for cinema halls to play the 52-second national anthem before every show.

Court’s Decision 

• A Bench, led by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, clarified that it is not mandatory to play the anthem before screenings.
• The court left the choice of whether to play the anthem or not to the discretion of individual cinema hall owners.
• However, if the anthem was played, patrons were bound to stand up in respect. The court clarified that the exception granted to the disabled persons “shall remain in force on all occasions.”

Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act

  • The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971, extends to the whole of India.
  • It bans insult to Indian National Flag and Constitution of India.
  • The act was legislated to prevent dishonour to National symbols which shall include which shall include the Indian Constitution, National anthem and National Flag.
  • The Act was amended vide Prevention of Insults to National Honour (Amendment) Act, 2005 and Prevention of Insults to National Honour (Amendment) Act, 2003.
  • The Act extends to whole of India.
  • The Act is in consonance to Article 51 (A)(a) of the Indian Constitution which lays down the fundamental duty to respect and abide constitution, national anthem and national flag.

No change in H-1B rules: U.S.  {International Relations}

In news

The U.S. has no plans under consideration to discontinue the extension of H-1B visas beyond six years, when beneficiaries apply for permanent residency — green card
The section on three-year extensions uses the word ‘may’ which could allow some discretion by the executive but there is a separate section in the same Act that allows one-year extensions in which the executive has no discretion.

India, U.K. to ink illegal migrants pact {International Relation}

In news

India will sign a pact with the United Kingdom for a return of illegal Indian migrants within a month of them being detected by British authorities.

Illegal migrants

  • Every nation, country or colony often has rules and laws that control and regulate people who come in from other places.
  • Migration becomes illegal if people do not have the permission of the country or borders they are entering into.
  • In recent time, illegal migration has been on the rise. Illegal migration is often fueled by pull factors.
  • People sneak into other countries by land or sea, and other organized groups help people to sneak into other countries to work illegally. This is known as human trafficking.
  • Many of  the illegal migrants involved end up in very difficult and dangerous situations, as they do not have the proper documents to get a job.
  • The flow of illegal migrants is often from poorer countries to richer countries. The people involved often are not the poorest in their home countries. They tend to be people with a lot of information, knowledge, ambition and motivation, which often fuels their desire to migrate for better life.

Undocumented Immigrants

  • These are people who live in a place without permission and the authorities have no record of them. It also includes people who visit a country for tourism or education or health purposes legally, but do NOT go back.
  • This means even though they went there legally, they are now illegal immigrants because they have out-stayed the time period they were given.
  • In a similar way, immigrants who have expired documents, or who came in with fake documents all fall under undocumented immigrants.

ISRO mulls launching 65 satellites for a slew of uses {Science & Tech}

In news

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has set itself an ambitious to-do list of making and launching around 65 satellites for a slew of uses. They are planned to be realised over the period from 2017 to 2021

 ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC)

• ISAC’s spacecraft are meant for communication, navigation and Earth observation (EO), for both general and strategic purposes, while new emerging applications are getting added.
• In the four-year list, ISAC counts 26 for communication, 28 for EO and seven for navigation besides the scientific missions Aditya-L1 and XPoSat, apart from a few small experimental satellites.
• Last year, ISAC started to outsource some of the large and critical activities of satellite assembly and testing to Indian industry.
• The second such project for the ninth navigation satellite, IRNSS-1I, is under way at an ISAC campus.

New industrial policy in a few months: Commerce Minister {Economy}

In news

The new industrial policy, which seeks to promote emerging sectors, will be released within a few months.

Industrial Policy

  • The industrial policy of a country, sometimes denoted IP, is its official strategic effort to encourage the development and growth of part or all of the manufacturing sector as well as other sectors of the economy.
  • The government takes measures “aimed at improving the competitiveness and capabilities of domestic firms and promoting structural transformation.” A country’s infrastructure (transportation, telecommunications and energy industry) is a major part of the manufacturing sector that often has a key role in IP.
  • Industrial policies are sector-specific, unlike broader macroeconomic policies. Examples of the latter, which are horizontal, economy-wide policies, are tightening credit and taxing capital gains.
  • Traditional examples of industrial policy that involves vertical, sector-specific policies, include protecting textiles from imports and subsidizing export industries. More contemporary industrial policies include measures such as support for linkages between firms and support for upstream technologies. Industrial policies are interventionist measures typical of mixed economy countries.

Goa bird festival to offer pelagic avian tour {Environment} {Ecology}


In news

The second edition of the Goa Bird Festival will be held from January 12 to 14 at Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary, Canacona.
Goa is said to have over 440 species of birds out of over 1,200 in the country. Some of the birds are endemic to the region as the State offers a unique confluence of two diverse ecosystems
Bird walks are being planned with experts and guides in Cotigao and the adjoining Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary. The pelagic birds tour will be on the Arabian Sea.

Cotigao and the adjoining Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary

Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary is located in South Eastern Goa, India. It constitutes one of the vital corridors of the Western Ghats and covers an area of 211.05 km2. Netravali or Neturli is an important tributary of River Zuari, which originates in the sanctuary.
Forests mostly consist of moist deciduous vegetation interspersed with evergreen and semi-evergreen habitat. It is adjacent to Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve, Karnataka on the eastern side, Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary, Goa on the southern side and Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollem National Park on the northern side which in turn forms a contiguous protected area along with Madei Wildlife Sanctuary, Goa and Bhimgad Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka.

Muscle tissue grown from stem cells: study {Science & Tech.}


In news

Working human muscle has been grown from stem cells in the lab in a breakthrough that holds promise for sufferers of degenerative muscular disease

Highlights

• The team from Duke University in North Carolina said they were the first to achieve this feat using adult skin or blood cells which were “reprogrammed” into a juvenile, versatile state.
• These are called “induced pluripotent stem cells” or iPSCs. Like naturally-occurring stem cells found in embryos, they can become any other type of human cell.

Tested in mice

They implanted the muscle fibres into adult mice, where it survived and functioned for at least three weeks, though it was “not as strong” as natural tissue.

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1 Comment
  1. Reply
    Gulzar
    January 16, 2018 at 8:51 pm

    Where can i get the hindu notes in hindi…

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