The Hindu NOTES – 27th Dec, 2017(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis 27th, Dec 2017


Date:- 27-Dec, 2017

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 BCI mulls ban on practice by lawmakers

In news

An expert committee of the Bar Council of India is considering a plea to ban lawmakers — Members of Parliament and Members of the Assemblies — from doubling up as practising advocates, saying they are salaried public servants and cannot ride two horses at the same time.

Why?

MLAs and MPs, who get salary and other benefits from the public fund, appear against the government. Some of these lawmakers even hold corporate retainer-ships.

They appear against the State to defend their lawbreaker clients in the Court of Law, which is the matter of conflict of interest

Advocates Act, 1961

This act has been formed by BAR council in order to regulate behaviour of advocates


 India’s first pod taxi on the way, to follow U.S. safety norms

In news

The much-awaited India’s first pod taxi project has moved a step closer to reality after a high-level panel recommended inviting fresh bids for the same conforming to the strictest safety standards on the lines of those prescribed by an American body.

The committee recommends issuance of a fresh EOI (expression of interest) incorporating (automated people movers) APM standards and specifications, along with other general safety parameters with Niti Aayog recommendations.

POD taxi

It is an advanced public transport using automated electric pod cars to provide a taxi-like demand responsive feeder and shuttle services for small groups of travellers and is a green mode of uninterrupted journey.

Standards mentioned by US firm

  • The automated people mover (APM) standards in the US as recommended by the committee for the maiden PRT in India have been prepared by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and these constitute the minimum requirements for an acceptable level of safety and performance for the PRT. “The APM standards include minimum requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance of the various sub-systems of an APM system and are in general relevant for a PRT.
  • These include vehicle arrival audio and video visual warning system, platform sloping, evacuation of misalighted vehicles, surveillance/CCTV, audio communication, emergency call points and fire protection, among other advanced systems, it added.
  • The pilot project, to be taken up on design, build, finance, operate and transfer (DBFOT) basis, is meant for a 12.3-km stretch from Delhi-Haryana border on NH 8 (near Ambience Mall) to Badshahpur via Rajiv Chowk, IFFCO and Sohna Road. The model is in place in London’s Heathrow airport, Morgantown and Masdar city.

 ₹40,000-cr. forest fund in limbo {Environment}

In news

More than a year after the Union government brought in a law to allow the States to access seamlessly nearly ₹40,000 crore for regenerating forest land lost to industry, it is still to frame rules to get the money disbursed, says a written reply given in the Lok Sabha.

The CAMPA Bill

  • Establishes National Compensatory Afforestation Fund (NCAF) under the Public Account of India, and a State Compensatory Afforestation Fund under the Public Account of each state.
  • The payments into the funds include compensatory afforestation, net present value of forest (NPV), and any project speci×c payments.
  • The NCAF will get 10% of funds collected and the remaining 90% will go to respective State Fund.
  • The collected funds will be utilised for afforestation, regeneration of forest ecosystem, wild life protection and forest related infrastructure development.
  • Establishes National and State Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authorities to manage the funds. The determination of NPV will be delegated to an expert committee constituted by the central government.

 China promises info on Tibet lakes {International Relation}

In news

China will maintain communication with India on efforts to manage the massive lakes formed by landslips on the Brahmaputra in Tibet following an earthquake last month.

Report

Reports say three huge artificial lakes, whose size and the volume of water impounded are yet to be ascertained, were formed in the Brahmaputra, locally known as the Yarlung Tsangpo, due to landslips after a 6.4-magnitude earthquake in Tibet.

Issue

The formation of these lakes had triggered fears of a sudden flooding on the Indian side.

The massive accumulation of water has caused concerns that if the lakes merge or overflow, millions of people downstream along the banks of both the Siang (in Arunachal Pradesh) and the Brahmaputra (in Assam) would be affected.


 China opens door for Afghanistan’s participation in CPEC {International Relation}

In news

China on 26/12/2017 flagged the possible inclusion of Afghanistan in the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) — a move that is likely to irk India.

India’s stand

India has opposed CPEC, which passes through Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK), on grounds that it infringes its sovereignty.

China’s view

China and Pakistan are willing to look at with Afghanistan, on the basis of win-win, mutually beneficial principles, using an appropriate means to extend CPEC to Afghanistan

Proposal for landlocked Afghanistan’s, access to the port of Gwadar — the starting point of CPEC — may be intended to balance if not undermine the trilateral agreement among India, Iran and Afghanistan, which gives Kabul access to the Iranian port of Chabahar.

China–Pakistan Economic CorridorImage result for cpec

It is a collection of infrastructure projects that are currently under construction throughout Pakistan.

CPEC is intended to rapidly modernize Pakistani infrastructure and strengthen its economy by the construction of modern transportation networks, numerous energy projects, and special economic zones.


 Now, a big bubble theory {Science & Tech} 

In newsImage result for a big bubble theory

Scientists have said that the solar system could have formed in the bubbles produced by a giant, long-dead star, which was 40 to 50 times the size of the sun.

Theory

  • The prevailing theory is that the solar system formed billions of years ago near a supernova.
  • But the new scenario, explained in a paper in the Astrophysical Journal, begins with a giant type of star called a Wolf-Rayet star.
  • They burn the hottest of all stars, producing tonnes of elements which are flung off the surface in an intense stellar wind.
  • As the Wolf-Rayet star sheds its mass, the stellar wind ploughs through the material around it, forming a bubble structure with a dense shell.
  • The researchers estimate that 1% to 16% of all sun-like stars could be formed in such stellar nurseries. The study addresses a nagging cosmic mystery about the presence of two elements in our solar system compared to the rest of the galaxy.
  • Meteorites left over from the early solar system suggests there was a lot of aluminium-26. In addition, studies increasingly suggest the solar system had less of the isotope iron-60. This brings scientists up short, because supernovae produce both isotopes.
  • This brought the scientists to Wolf-Rayet stars, which release lots of aluminium-26, but no iron-60. As for the fate of the giant Wolf-Rayet star, the researchers believe that its life ended long ago, likely in a supernova explosion or a direct collapse to a black hole.

 Harnessing citizen science to predict floods {Science & Tech}

In news

Scientists are combining Twitter, citizen science and cutting-edge artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to develop an early-warning system for flood-prone communities.

How AI can be used for prediction of flood?

Researchers from the University of Dundee in the U.K. have shown how AI can be used to extract data from Twitter and crowdsourced information from mobile phone apps to build up hyper-resolution monitoring of urban flooding.

Why this is needed?

Urban flooding is difficult to monitor due to complexities in data collection and processing. This prevents detailed risk analysis, flooding control, and the validation of numerical models.

MyCoast

  • MyCoast is a system used by a number of environmental agencies to collect ‘citizen science’ data about various coastal hazards or incidents.
  • The system contains over 6,000 flood photographs, all of which were collected through the mobile app. The information extracted by AI tools was validated against precipitation data and road closure reports to examine the quality of the data.


 

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