The Hindu NOTES The Hindu NOTES – 12th Jan, 2018(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis


Date:- 12th-Jan, 2018

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India confirms NSAs met in Bangkok {International Relation}


In news

The National Security Advisers (NSAs) of India and Pakistan met on December 26 in Bangkok, the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA).

Issue raised

cross-border terrorism

The ‘talks on terror’ model to engage Pakistan is a change in the position that India had taken following the attack on the Pathankot airbase when New Delhi had cancelled the CBD. He maintained that the real issue discussed was ‘cross-border terrorism’ from Pakistan that targets India.

National Security Advisor (NSA)

It is the chief executive of the National Security Council (NSC), and the primary advisor to the Prime Minister of India on national and international security.

It is the National Security Advisor to whom intelligence agencies such as the Research and Analysis Wing and Intelligence Bureau report, rather than directly to the Prime Minister. Due to such vested powers, NSA is a prominent and powerful office in the bureaucracy.

All the NSAs appointed since the inception of the post belong to the Indian Foreign Service except M K Narayanan and the incumbent, Ajit Doval, who belong to the Indian Police Service.


SC wants panels set up on Mullaperiyar dam {Governance}


The Supreme Court  directed the Centre and the Tamil Nadu and Kerala governments to set up three separate committees to exclusively deal with any “unpredictable” disaster that may occur at the site of the over 180-year-old Mullaperiyar dam

Area of focus

Disaster management plans to prevent a calamity or contain the loss of life and damage to property in case a tragedy hits the dam.

The special committees have nothing to do with the lifespan or safety of the dam.

Reason of formation of this dam

The dam was built for 50 years and had already survived for 122 years. “People live in fear.

In case of a disaster, the “water will rush like a bullet” due to the steep hilly geographical features of the place to cover the 100 km to the Arabian Sea in less than an hour through the thickly populated areas downstream.

The Mullaperiyar Dam or Mullaiperiyar Dam It is a masonry gravity dam on the Periyar River in the Indian state of Kerala It is located 881 m (2,890 ft) above mean sea level, on the Cardamom Hills of the Western Ghats in Thekkady, Idukki District of Kerala, South India. It was constructed between 1887 and 1895 by John Pennycuick and also reached in an agreement to donate water eastwards to the Madras Presidency area (present-day Tamil Nadu).

Periyar (meaning: big river) is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala. It is one of the few perennial rivers in the region and provides drinking water for several major towns. The Periyar is of utmost significance to the economy of Kerala. It generates a significant proportion of Kerala’s electrical power via the Idukki Dam and flows along a region of industrial and commercial activity. The river also provides water for irrigation and domestic use throughout its course besides supporting a rich fishery.


Netanyahu’s visit to give a leg-up to India-Israel ties  (IR)

In news

Israeli Prime Minsiter Benjamin Netanyahu will visit India between 14-19 January, 2018

Cause of the visit

The visit is a reciprocating gesture from Israel to the first Prime Minister-level visit from India undertaken by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in July 2017.

Mr. Netanyahu will be the second Israeli Prime Minister to visit India; Ariel Sharon was the first Israeli PM to visit India in 2003, during the tenure of PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

The visit marks the high point of the 25th anniversary of normal diplomatic ties between the two countries.


Beijing wary of Indian presence in S. China Sea {International Relation}


In news

China objected to Vietnam’s invitation to India to invest in oil and natural gas sector in the disputed South China Sea, saying it is firmly opposed to infringement of its rights using development of bilateral ties as an “excuse”.

 Why?

China does not object to the development of normal bilateral relations of relevant countries in our neighbourhood. “But China firmly oppose relevant party to use it as an excuse to infringe upon China’s legitimate rights and interests in the South China Sea and impair regional peace and stability.

China has been opposing Oil and Natural Gas Corporation exploring oil in wells claimed by Vietnam in the South China Sea for years.


India, U.K. hold trade talks in Brexit’s shadow, eye FTA {Economy}


 In news

Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu held talks with his British counterpart, International Trade Secretary Liam Fox.

Objective of meeting

The two countries look for opportunities to boost trade and investment, including via a potential Free Trade Agreement, as Britain prepares to leave the European Union.

£4.5 billion support

The UKEF has now made £4.5 billion available to British companies exporting to India and Indian firms buying British goods and services.

While Britain is unable to hold formal trade talks with countries outside the EU till it leaves the union (at the end of March 2019), the 12th meeting of the U.K.-India Joint Economic and Trade Committee (JETCO), being held this week provides an opportunity for the countries to build on the U.K.-India trade working group established last year.

 Free Trade Agreements (FTA)

A Free Trade Agreement is an agreement between countries to reduce or eliminate barriers to trade.Trade barriers include tariff barriers like taxes and nontariff barriers like regulatory laws.

Trade barriers include tariff barriers like taxes and nontariff barriers like regulatory laws.

A Free Trade Agreement or FTA is an agreement between two or more countries where the countries agree on certain obligations that affect trade in goods and services, and protections for investors and intellectual property rights, among other topics.


Unique bat fossil found {Environment & Ecology}


 In news

The fossilised remains of a giant burrowing bat that lived millions of years ago have been found in New Zealand, an international team.

Highlights

It belonged to “a bat super-family that once spanned the southern landmasses of Australia, New Zealand, South America and possibly Antarctica.

The teeth and bones of the animal, which lived 16 to 19 million years ago, were discovered


 

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