The Hindu NOTES The Hindu NOTES – 13th Jan, 2018(Daily News Paper Analysis)

📰 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER– DAILY  Hindu Current Affairs Analysis


Date:- 13th-Jan, 2018

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Four SC judges air differences with CJI Misra {Governance}


In an unprecedented act, four senior judges of the Supreme Court held a press conference and publicly accused Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra of selectively assigning cases to judges of his choice without any rational basis.

Issue

  • Justice Chelameswar recounted that the trigger for the press conference was a meeting they held with the Chief Justice on Friday morning regarding the assignment of a petition, seeking an independent probe into the mysterious death of CBI judge B.H. Loya, to a particular Bench. Loya was the CBI judge hearing the Sohrabuddin Sheikh encounter case.
  • The four had expressed their reservations to the CJI about the assignation of the case. But the CJI had refused to budge. They had then informed him of their intention to go public.
  • The convention of the court demands that important cases of public interest or sensitive matters should be first heard by the CJI. If the CJI is not willing for some reason to hear the case, it should be assigned to the next senior-most judge in the Supreme Court. Instead of that, such cases were assigned to certain Benches and eventually given a quiet burial.

 ISRO workhorse PSLV-C40 puts 31 satellites in space {Science & Tech}


 In news

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on 12th Jan, 2018 launched its 42nd Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.

Its primary payload was the fourth satellite in the advanced remote sensing Cartosat-2 series.

The Cartosat-2, whose imagery will be used to develop land and geographical information system applications, weighs 710 kg and was placed in a circular polar sun synchronous orbit 505 km from Earth. The satellite’s design life is five years.


Passports will not carry address, parents’ names {Governance}

In news

The Ministry of External Affairs announced that new passports will soon be printed without the names of parents and the home address of the applicant.

Key points

  • Application forms for new booklets would continue to capture the data regarding parents and postal addresses as mentioned in the passport holders’ previous booklets.
  • Booklets with orange jackets would be designed by and printed at the Indian Security Press in Nasik. It is understood that the passports in the Emigration Check Not Required (ECNR) category will continue to have blue jacket.
  • The passport holders with ECR (Emigration Check Required) status would be issued a passport with orange jacket and those with non-ECR status would continue to get a blue passport,

ECR (Emigration Check Required)

Emigration Check Not Required (ECNR) Stamp As per the Emigration Act, 1983, certain categories of Indian passport holders require to obtain “Emigration Clearance” from the office of Protector of Emigrants (POE) for going to certain countries.

As per the Emigration Act, “emigration” means the leaving of India of any Indian citizen with the intent of taking up employment in a foreign country.

All Indian passports are divided into two categories as follows:

  1. Passports with endorsement ­ Emigration Check Required (ECR).
  2. Passports with endorsement ­ Emigration Check Not Required (ECNR). For passports issued before January 2007, no notation in the passport means ECR.

For passports issued in or after January 2007, no notation in the passport means ECNR. If Emigration Check is Required, there will be an endorsement in the passport regarding ECR.

The idea behind ECR is for the safety of Indian citizens due to the legal conditions of other countries and is based on various situations/conditions.


New U.S. sanctions won’t hit Chabahar port project, says Iran {International}


In news

U.S. President Donald Trump to issue a waiver on Iranian compliance on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) nuclear agreement.

Regardless of U.S. policy, the government has made it clear it will not change its commitment to the Chabahar project and special economic zone, which is seen as a major connectivity project at an estimated cost of $20 billion that will help India bypass transit hurdles posed by Pakistan, in order to trade with Afghanistan and Central Asia.

Background

In 2016, before the U.S. elections, Japan had evinced interest in partnering with India on the port project, which is part of a trilateral India-Iran-Afghanistan transit trade agreement.

Another possible challenge could come from a recent Afghanistan-Pakistan-China trilateral ministerial meeting in Beijing, where the possibility of Afghanistan joining the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) that goes through Gwadar port to make it the Pakistan-Afghanistan-China Economic Corridor (PACE) was discussed.

According to the Iranian Minister, the Chabahar Shahid Beheshti port, where India is developing several berths, is on track to be completed in 2018, while IRCON, the government’s railway construction company, has finished a survey to build the proposed $1.2 billion railway line from Chabahar to Zahedan on the Iran-Afghanistan border.

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor

It is a framework of regional connectivity. CPEC will not only benefit China and Pakistan but will have positive impact on Iran, Afghanistan, India, Central Asian Republic, and the region. The enhancement of geographical linkages having improved road, rail and air transportation system with frequent and free exchanges of growth and people to people contact, enhancing understanding through academic, cultural and regional knowledge and culture, activity of higher volume of flow of trade and businesses, producing and moving energy to have more optimal businesses and enhancement of co-operation by win-win model will result in well connected, integrated region of shared destiny, harmony and development.


Nepal to use Chinese Internet bandwidth {International Relation}


In news

China on Friday became Nepal’s second Internet service provider, breaking India’s monopoly in providing Internet access to the Himalayan country.

China Telecom Global (CTG), a company formed in 2012, has teamed up with Nepal Telecom to provide alternative cyber connectivity to Nepal.

India’s internet service to Nepal

Nepal had been linked to the global internet network through Indian telecom operators, using optical fibre connections in Biratnagar, Bhairahawa and Birgunj, among others.

China’s Concern 

  • The Chinese side views its Nepal venture as part of a larger digital network of countries along the New Silk Road.
  • This opportunity also belongs to all of partner companies of China participating in the Belt and Road Initiative.

Industrial output expands 8.4%, pace at 25-month high {Economy}


In news

Industrial output growth quickened in November to a 25-month high of 8.4% bolstered by strong performances in the manufacturing, construction, and consumer non-durables sectors.

Highlights

 Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for December showed retail inflation quickened to a 17-month high of 5.21%, spurred by food and fuel price gains.

The acceleration in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) growth was significant, coming after October’s 2.24% increase.

Base effect

When the government demonetised high value currency, IIP grew 5.1% even as the index number itself shrank from the preceding month– and public spending contributed to the stronger IIP reading.

Index of Industrial Production (IIP) 

  • Index of Industrial Production(IIP) is an index which helps us understand the growth of various sectors in the Indian economy such as mining, electricity and manufacturing.
  • IIP is a short term indicator of industrial growth till the results from Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) and National Accounts Statistics (Eg: GDP) are available.
  • The base year of the index is given a value of 100. The current base year for the IIP series in India is 2011-12. So, if the current IIP reads 180, it means that there has been 80% industrial growth compared to the base year, ie 2011-12.

Who releases IIP?

Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

IIP is published monthly, six weeks after the reference month ends.


Benefits of global trade due to WTO says Prabhu {Economy}


In news

Minister for Commerce and Industry Suresh Prabhu made a strong defence of the World Trade Organisation and the multilateral trading system, and expressed his optimism about tackling the issue of food security.

The WTO, by contrast, gave all members an equally strong voice, which offered the best choice for taking forward the “expansion of global trade” and “bringing more economic prosperity for people at large” as well as dealing with the issues of poverty and the need for inclusive growth.

WTO

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade. The WTO officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakesh Agreement, signed by 123 nations on 15 April 1994, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948.

The WTO deals with regulation of trade in goods, services and intellectual property between participating countries by providing a framework for negotiating trade agreements and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants’ adherence to WTO agreements, which are signed by representatives of member governments and ratified by their parliaments.


TRAI cuts international call termination rates {Economy}


In news

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)  reduced international call termination charges (ITC) to 30 paise from the 53 paise currently with effect from February 1, this year. ITC is paid by international operators to local telecom networks that receive calls.

Significance

The move may negatively impact top three telecom players — Bharti Airtel, Vodafone and Idea Cellular — who, together, are estimated to generate revenues of about Rs. 5,000 crore from incoming international calls.


 

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1 Comment
  1. Reply
    Niru
    January 22, 2018 at 5:29 pm

    Nice notes useful.pleases update the notes till date

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