India and Cambodia today signed four MoU
India and Cambodia today signed four Memoranda of Understanding in areas, including deepening cooperation in culture and preventing human trafficking.
The MoUs were signed after delegation-level talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Cambodian counterpart Hun Sen in New Delhi.
India is eager to take forward its relationship with Cambodia in the fields of economy, culture, trade and people to people contacts.
In the last two decades, Cambodia has registered 7 percent economic growth annually while India is also one of the fastest growing economy in the world.
Key highlights of MoU
- Expand bilateral cooperation in tourism sector along with the exchange of data and information related this sector between both countries.
- Encourage cooperation between tourism stakeholders of both countries including hotels and tour operators.
- Establish a platform for the exchange of programme for cooperation in human resources development, investment and hospitality sectors for the promotion of two-way tourism.
Relations between Cambodia and India goes back to ancient times. India’s influence in Cambodia is visible from the Hindu-style temples of Angkor Wat to written Khmer, which is a derivative of Sanskrit and Pali script from South India.
Both nations are part of the Non-Aligned Movement. India established formal diplomatic relations with the Heng Samrin regime and opened its Embassy in Phnom Penh in 1981 when Cambodia was internationally isolated. India had provided various personnel to conduct the UNTAC-sponsored elections in Cambodia in 1993. The Government of India agreed to preserve Angkor Wat temple when the Government of Cambodia appealed, between 1986 and 1993 and spent around 4 million dollars during this conservation.
While Cambodia has historically aligned itself more with the People’s Republic of China, India’s greatest geopolitical rival, Theravāda Buddhism is the official religion of Cambodia, practiced by around 95% of the Cambodian population, and its intrinsic Indian culture has considerably impacted Cambodian society and culture.
There exists a Cultural Exchange Programme (CEP) between the two countries.
The CEP was signed during Prime Minister Hun Sen’s visit in February 2000. This was renewed during the visit of Secretary, Ministry of Culture in June 2013. Both sides are working for renewal of CEP for a further period.
An MOU on the Establishment of ICCR’s Chair on Buddhist & Sanskrit Studies at Preah Sihanouk Raja Buddhist University was signed with Cambodian Ministry of
Religions & Cults on 04 July, 2011. The MOU has been renewed for a further period of 3 years upto 2019 during the visit of ICCR President to Cambodia in May 2016.