India successfully test-fires nuclear capable Prithvi-II

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India on Wednesday successfully test-fired it’s indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile as part of a user trial by the Army from a test range in Odisha.

Highlights

  • The trial of the surface-to-surface missile, which has a strike range of 350 km, was carried out from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur near Balasore at around 11.35 a.m.
  • The missile trajectory was tracked by radars, electro-optical tracking systems and telemetry stations by the DRDO along the coast of Odisha.
  • Prithvi-II is capable of carrying 500-1,000 kilogram of warheads and is thrusted by liquid propulsion twin engines.
  • The perfect test launch came after a successful trial of Agni-5 on January 18 and Agni-1 missile conducted from Abdul Kalam Island off Odisha coast on February 6. Describing the trial as a complete success all mission objectives were met during the test launch.
  • The state-of-the-art missile uses advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target.
  • On November 21, 2016, two missiles were successfully test fired in quick succession from the same base and the last trial was successful on June 2, 2017, from the same base.
  • Single-stage liquid-fuelled Prithvi-II is the first missile to have been developed by the DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP).

Prithvi missile

  • Prithvi is a tactical surface-to-surface short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) developed by DRDO of India under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP). It is deployed by India’s Strategic Forces Command.
  • The Government of India launched the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program in 1983 to achieve self-sufficiency in the development and production of wide range of ballistic missiles, surface-to-air missiles.
  • Prithvi was the first missile to be developed under the program.
  • It could carry a nuclear warhead in its role as a tactical nuclear weapon.

Prithvi II

  • Prithvi II class is also a single-stage liquid-fueled missile having a maximum warhead mounting capability of 500 kg, but with an extended range of 250 km (160 mi).
  • It was developed with the Indian Air Force being the primary user.
  • It was first test-fired on 27 January 1996 and the development stages were completed in 2004.
  • The missile was launched with an extended range of 350 km (220 mi) and had improved navigation due to an inertial navigation system.
  • The missile features measures to deceive anti-ballistic missiles.
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