Indian Railways launches World’s first solar powered train

In news

The Indian Railways has introduced an environment friendly train. The 1600 HHP solar DEMU (diesel electric multiple unit) train is a great step towards a clean and green future and will have a positive financial impact too. The train will be operational from July 15, 2017.


  • This will result in a a massive reduction in carbon dioxide emission per coach per annum about 9 tonnes.
  • An annual diesel fuel saving of Rs 2 lakh per coach per annum is expected with total annual savings amounting to Rs 672 crore.
  • The success of the train will ensure more such initiatives by the India Railways as they are looking for ways to convert solar energy into liquid fuel.

More  about the train

  • The train will be stationed at platform number 1 of Safdarjung Railway station in New Delhi.
  • The train will travel from Sarai Rohilla station in Delhi to Garhi Harsaru Junction, Farukh Nagar in Haryana.
  • It will replace the existing non-solar powered panel on the same route and run at a speed of 110 km per hour.
  • It is a ten-coach train  two motor coaches and eight passenger coaches.

The train has a power back-up and can run on battery for at least 72 hours.

How will train work?

  •  There are 16 solar panels of 300 watt capacity each in a coach.
  •  The energy generated through the panel will be stored in batteries and can be used during night as well.
  •  The two passenger coaches which do not have solar panel will operate on diesel.
  • The train has two parallel power sources — solar power and diesel. In case of failure of either, it can switch the power modes.
  •   The life span of solar panels is 25 years and they will be monitored on a regular basis.
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