Kerala Government proposes Stray Dog Zoos

In Supreme Court, it lists steps to keep them off streets

What is in news?

The Kerala government is planning “stray dog zoos” to keep them off the streets in the State.

The State government informed a Supreme Court Bench led by Justice Dipak Misra that it had asked all district panchayats to keep aside two to three acres and notify them as ‘stray dog zoos’.

The State government, represented by senior advocate V. Giri, was responding to a question from the Supreme Court on the construction of shelter homes for the stray dog population, which has increased aggressively over the years and become a dangerous presence on the streets, especially after dark.

Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI)’s opinion:

Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) and activists refused to be convinced by the solution Kerala has arrived at concerning stray dogs.

suggested that the Kerala government embrace the Centre’s Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules of 2001 which emphasise on sterilisation and immunisation of stray dogs. “There is no room for dog zoos under the 2001 Rule

The 2001 Rules, framed under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, are aimed at eradicating the threat of rabies and reducing man-dog conflict. While a former member of the AWBI submitted that the 1994 Surat plague was preceded by massive culling of stray dogs, in that Gujarat city.only sterilisation and immunisation would eventually see a dip in their population.

SC Panel opinion:

Incidentally, the Supreme Court’s own committee led by former Kerala High Court judge, Justice S. Sri Jagan, in a report in October 2016, had found that “immediate reduction” in the excessive stray dog population, and not birth control, is the need of the hour in Kerala if the people of the State are to have a sense of security.

The Committee had contradicted the court’s own stand that sterilisation as per Animal Birth Control (ABC) Rules and not mass culling was the answer.

But in a categorical finding, the Justice Jagan Committee, which also includes the State’s Law Secretary and Director of Health Services, had said the ABC programme “cannot be a solution to the immediate problem of very excessive dog population faced by the people in the State.”

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