Kerala, Punjab and Tamil Nadu have ranked top in terms of overall health performance while Uttar Pradesh appeared at the bottom of the Health Index report ‘Healthy States, Progressive India’ released by the NITI Aayog on Friday.
• Health Index report developed by NITI Aayog with technical assistance from the World Bank and in consultation with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
• The report ranks states and union territories (UTs) on their year-on-year incremental change in health outcomes and their overall performance with respect to each other.
• The report has ranked all states and UTs in three different categories: big states, small states and UT. For this first ever report of states’ performance on health indicators, the NITI Aayog used benchmark data of 2014-2015 and compared it to 2015-2016.
• Reports indicates that Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh showed the maximum improvement in indicators such as Neonatal Mortality Rate, Under-five Mortality Rate, full immunisation coverage, institutional deliveries, and People Living with HIV (PLHIV) on Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART).
• “They would rank 730 district hospitals based on their performance. want to encourage the good performers and name and shame those who aren’t,”
• Manipur registered maximum incremental progress in indicators such as PLHIV on ART, first trimester antenatal care registration, grading quality parameters of Community Health Centres, average occupancy of key state-level officers and good reporting on the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP).
• Lakshadweep showed the highest improvement in indicators such as institutional deliveries, TB treatment success rate, and transfer of National Health Mission funds from the state treasury to implementation agency.
• “Kerala ranks on top in terms of overall performance but sees the least incremental change as it had already achieved low levels of Neonatal Mortality Rate, Under-five Mortality Rate and replacement level fertility, leaving limited space for any further improvement,” noted the report
• “This Index is expected to nudge states towards further achieving a rapid transformation of their health systems and population health outcomes.”
• Common challenges for most States and Union Territories include the need to focus on addressing vacancies in key staff, establishment of functional district cardiac care units, quality accreditation of public health facilities and institutionalisation of human resources management information system. Additionally, almost all larger states need to focus on improving the Sex Ratio at Birth.
• The next report will be released in June this year and district hospitals too would be ranked.
• Among the UTs, Lakshadweep showed both the best overall performance as well as the highest annual incremental performance. Lakshadweep showed the highest improvement in indicators such as institutional deliveries, tuberculosis (TB) treatment success rate, and transfer of National Health Mission (NHM) funds from state treasury to implementation agency.
Q:-Consider the following statements with respect to NITI Aayog’s Health index report
1) Health Index report developed by NITI Aayog with technical assistance from the World health origination (WHO) and in consultation with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
2) Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Odisha are among the States that have performed poorly in the health index.
3) Among small States Manipur ranked first
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below
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