Maldives government declares emergency

Why in news?

The Maldives government on Monday declared a state of emergency for 15 days, amid a spiraling political crisis in the island nation following a Supreme Court order last week to release Opposition leaders from prison.

Highlights

  • The Maldives government on Monday declared a state of emergency for 15 days, amid a spiralling political crisis in the island nation following a Supreme Court order last week to release Opposition leaders from prison.
  • A statement from President Abdulla Yameen’s office said that “During this emergency time, though certain rights will be restricted, general movements, services and businesses will not be affected. The Government of Maldives also wishes to assure all Maldivians and the international community that the safety of all Maldivians and foreigners living in and visiting the Maldives will be ensured.
  • Sources said the state of emergency gives security officials extra powers to arrest suspects. The development comes five days after the Supreme Court ordered the immediate release of nine Opposition leaders, including the exiled former President Mohamed Nasheed. It also ordered that 12 MPs expelled earlier be reinstated.
  • Security forces in the Maldives have arrested two Supreme Court judges and an opposition leader hours after President Abdulla Yameen declared a 15-day state of emergency in the island nation. Their detention comes amid a bitter row between the top court and the president over the release of several imprisoned opposition politicians.
  • In a stunning blow to the regime, the court’s Thursday decision also paved the way for exiled former president Mohamed Nasheed – the first to be democratically elected but who was controversially convicted of terrorism in 2015 – to run for president this year.
  • India meanwhile asked its nationals to defer all non-essential travel to the archipelago, saying that the situation in the country was a matter of concern.
  • The United Nations, Australia, Britain, Canada, India and the US previously welcomed the court’s decision, while UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres at the weekend called for “restraint” as the crisis escalated.
  • On Monday the government made clear that it had no intention of respecting the Supreme Court’s decision. The legal affairs minister, Azima Shakoor, said the ruling was not enforceable adding that there were numerous challenges to freeing prisoners.  The Supreme Court, by contrast, said on Sunday there were no obstacles. The international community agreed. The UN and US said the Maldives should implement the order, as the opposition called for human rights to be respected.

Indian-Maldives Relation

As close and friendly neighbours, India and Maldives share ethnic, linguistic, cultural, religious and commercial links steeped in antiquity and enjoy cordial and multidimensional relations. India was among the first to recognise the Maldives after its independence in 1965 and to establish diplomatic relations with the country. India established its mission at Malé in 1972.

Capacity Building and Training

Capacity building and skills development is one of the key components of India’s assistance to Maldives. India offers several scholarships to Maldivian students under the following schemes

  • ICCR scholarships
  • SAARC Chair Fellowship
  • ITEC training & scholarships
  • Technical Cooperation Scheme of Colombo Plan
  • Medical scholarships

Which of the following country recently declared emergency because of political crisis?

  1. A) Maldives
  2. B) Catalonia
  3. C) Nepal
  4. D) Bangladesh

 

 Answer: A) Maldives

 

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