- In an effort to strengthen surveillance of over 7,500-km coastline of the country, the Defence Ministry on 21st February, 2017 gave the go-ahead to expand the coastal radar surveillance network.
- The decision was taken by the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), chaired by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar.
- Under Phase I, a chain of 46 coastal surveillance radar and electro-optic sensors were set up, including 36 in the mainland, six in the Lakshadweep islands and four in the Andaman & Nicobar islands.
- India is also setting up similar radar stations in friendly Indian Ocean littoral nations, which are integrated into India’s own radar network.
- The information received from the various stations and sensors is collated at the Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) located outside the national capital and manned by the Navy for real-time maritime domain awareness.
In the aftermath of the 2008 Mumbai attacks in which terrorists used a fishing boat to enter the city, the government decided to set up a chain of static sensors to fill gaps in coastal surveillance and keep track of boats entering Indian territorial waters.
SOURCE: The Hindu