Netherlands backed India’s early entry into the NSG
“The Netherlands on Tuesday backed India’s early entry into the NSG and other multilateral export control regimes, and supported the country’s bid for a permanent UN Security Council seat”.
- The Netherlands’ support came after Prime Minister Narendr a Modi held talks with his Dutch counterpart Mark Rutte here.The two Prime Ministers agreed that the bilateral relations between India and the EU merit increased focus and attention.
- Prime Minister Modi thanked the Netherlands for its role in India’s accession to the Missile Technology Control Regime in June 2016.
- Both leaders agreed that the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), Wassenaar Arrangement and Australia Group would benefit from India’s membership.The Netherlands expressed its support for India’s early membership to the 48-member NSG and the Wassenaar Arrangement.
- For the Australia Group, the Netherlands welcomed India’s recent application for membership.
- Mr. Modi invited the Netherlands to join the International Solar Alliance.
- 20 per cent of India’s exports to Europe entering through the Netherlands, they discussed the role of the Netherlands as India’s ‘Gateway to Europe’.
“India and the Netherlands have the intention to strengthen their cooperation in the field of mobility and migration”.
- Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) is a group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.
- Chair person-South korea(2017)
- Consists of 48 members which include the five nuclear weapon states US, UK, France, China, and Russia.
- It is not a formal organization, and its guidelines are not binding. Decisions, including on membership, are made by consensus.
Three agreements signed
- MOU on Cultural Cooperation.
- MOU on Water Cooperation.
- Agreement on Amending Social Security Arrangement.
Why India wants to be part of NSG
- Membership to the NSG will essentially increase India’s access to state-of-the-art technology from the other members of the Group.
- Access to technology and being allowed to produce nuclear equipment will give a boost to the Make in India program. That will, in turn, boost the economic growth of our country.
- As per India’s INDC under the Paris Climate agreement, we have committed to reducing dependence on fossil fuels and ensuring that 40% of its energy is sourced from renewable and clean sources. In order to achieve this target, we need to scale up nuclear power production. This can only happen if India gains access to the NSG.
- Namibia is the fourth-largest producer of uranium and it agreed to sell the nuclear fuel to India in 2009. However, that hasn’t happened, as Namibia has signed Pelindaba Treaty, which essentially controls the supply of uranium from Africa to the rest of the world. If India joins the NSG, such reservations from Namibia are expected to melt away.
The Australia Group is an informal group of countries (now joined by the European Commission) established in 1985 (after the use of chemical weapons by Iraq in 1984) to help member countries to identify those exports which need to be controlled so as not to contribute to the spread of chemical and biological weapons.