PM commissions INS Kalvari to the nation

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi has commissioned scorpene-class submarine INS Kalvari into the Indian Navy in Mumbai today
It is an excellent example of ‘Make in India’ and will boost the Navy’s might.

Modi thanked France for its collaboration in building the submarine and said, “This is a fine example of the fast growing strategic partnership between India and France.

Features of INS Kalvari

  • Kalvari is named after the dreaded tiger shark, a deadly deep sea predator of the Indian Ocean.
  • It is a diesel-electric attack submarine that has been built for the Indian Navy by the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited.
  • It is the first of six such submarines that will be inducted into the Indian Navy and represents a significant success for the Make in India initiative. The project has been undertaken with French collaboration. 
  • Advanced acoustic silencing techniques”, low radiated noise and the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision guided weapons.
  • “The attack can be launched with both torpedoes and tube launched anti-ship missiles, while underwater or from surface.
  • Marking a “generational shift” in submarine operations, Scorpene submarines can undertake varied missions such as anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering and mine laying.

The first Kalvari, commissioned on December 8, 1967, was also the first submarine of the Indian Navy. It was decommissioned on May 31, 1996 after nearly three decades of service.

The first Kalvari, commissioned on December 8, 1967, was also the first submarine of the Indian Navy. It was decommissioned on May 31, 1996 after nearly three decades of service

naval growth chart india vs china 650

India and France Defence Cooperation

Regular exchange of visits at the level of Services Chiefs takes place. The three services also have regular defence exercises; viz. Exercise Shakti (Army; the last one took place in January 2016 in India), Exercise Varuna (Navy; April 2017 off Toulon), Exercise Garuda (Air Force; June 2014 at Jodhpur).

Apart from service-level staff talks, the two sides have a High Committee on Defence Cooperation (HCDC) which meets annually at the level of Defence Secretary and the French Director General of the Directorate of International Relations and
Strategy (DGRIS). The last HCDC meeting was held in New Delhi in March 2016. Apart from this, various staff courses, training programmes etc. also regularly take place.

Major on-going defence-related projects are the following

Rafale deal: The Inter-governmental agreement for purchase of 36 Rafale jets by India in
flyaway condition was signed in New Delhi on 23 September 2016 by RM Manohar Parrikar and French Defence Minister Le Drian.
 P-75 Scorpene Project: The contract for six Scorpene submarines from M/s DCNS was signed in October 2006. All six vessels will be built under technology transfer at the Mazagaon Docks Ltd. The first two submarine Kalvari and Khanderi have been built.

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