Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana to lessen rural distress
To stem rural disquiet caused by falling crop prices, the central government has turned to the Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G).
Over 51 lakh permanent houses are slated to be built in 2017-18 and the government hopes to equal the number of rural houses in the coming fiscal.
Of the 51 lakh houses slated for construction under the scheme in 2017-18, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan — eight lakh, 4.5 lakh and four lakh — account for more than 30 per cent of the houses to be built.
- If achieved, the 54 lakh rural houses to be built under central schemes in 2017-18 will be far higher than the 32.24 lakh in 2016-17, 18.24 lakh in 2015-16, 11.89 lakh in 2014-15, 10.49 lakh in 2013-14 and 10.47 lakh in 2012-13.
- The idea of constructing pucca homes for one crore-plus rural families may prove politically useful, as beneficiaries would mainly comprise Dalit, Adivasi and Most Backward Classes.
- The crash in farm commodity prices is seen to have largely impacted the so-called dominant landowning communities such as Jats, Marathas, Patidars, Kapus and Yadavs.
- They are largely poor rural families without or in houses with less than two rooms made of kutcha walls and roof.
- The Modi government has identified 2.95 crore such households, based on data from the Socio Economic and Caste Census of 2011 (undertaken under the previous UPA regime) and verified by the Gram Sabha concerned (to ensure they actually stay in a kutcha home).
- Out of the 2.95 crore beneficiaries, one crore are to be covered before March 2019 and the rest by 2022.