Press Information Bureau (PIB)- 08th February to 14th February, 2017

Press Information Bureau (PIB)- 08th Feb to 15th Feb, 2017 (PIB Weekly Compilation)


Archive



Uranium Reserves in Meghalaya

 {Economic Development}


Source: PIB

Uranium mineralization in Meghalaya has been found over a large area around Domiasiat, Wahkyn, Lostoin etc.

Key facts:

  • Uranium Corporation of India Ltd. (UCIL) under Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) has already made a plan to develop the mineral resources at Domiasiat under the name of “Kylleng Phendengsohiong Mawthabah (KPM) Uranium Mining Project”.
  • The project has the potential to generate substantial nuclear fuel for the atomic power plants of the country.
  • The Detailed Project Report of the KPM Uranium Mining Project has been approved by Atomic Energy Commission, environmental clearance for this project has been obtained from Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) in December 2007.
  • An agreement has also been signed between UCIL and the land owners of the project site in May 2007 for acquisition of land on annual lease rent basis.
  • Approval to execute land lease with land owners, grant of mining lease and Consent for Establishment has been taken up with Meghalaya State Government.

ISRO Rover on Lunar Surface

{Science and Technology}


Source: PIB

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to deploy a rover on the lunar surface in the Chandrayaan-2 mission.

Chandranyyan 2

  • The Chandrayaan-2, India’s second mission to the Moon,is a totally indigenous mission comprising of an Orbiter, Lander and Rover.
  • After reaching the 100 km lunar orbit, the Lander housing the Rover will separate from the Orbiter. After a controlled descent, the Lander will soft land on the lunar surface at a specified site and deploy a Rover.
  • The six-wheeled Rover will move around the landing site in semi-autonomous mode as decided by the ground commands.
  • The instruments on the rover will observe the lunar surface and send back data, which will be useful for analysis of the lunar soil. Collection of soil and rock sediments is not planned in this mission.
  • ISRO is working towards the launch of Chandrayaan-2 during the first quarter of 2018.

Key facts:

  • It is planned to be launched as a composite stack into the Earth Parking Orbit (EPO) of 170 X 18,500 km by GSLV-Mk II. The Orbiter carries the combined stack up to moon till the Lunar Orbit Insertion (LOI). The combined stack is then inserted into a lunar orbit of 100 km x 100 km. The Lander is separated from the Orbiter in this orbit.
  • During 2010, it was agreed that Russian Space Agency ROSCOSMOS would be responsible for lunar Lander and ISRO will be responsible for Orbiter and Rover as well as Launch by GSLV. Later, due to a shift in the programmatic alignment of this mission, it was decided that the Lunar Lander development would be done by ISRO and Chandrayaan-2 will be totally an Indian mission.
  • Chandrayaan 1 which the spacecraft was orbiting around the Moon at a height of 100 km from the lunar surface for chemical, mineralogical and photo-geologic mapping of the Moon.

Land Sensing Satellite Data

{Science and Technology}


Source: PIB

Isro and USGS

  • The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and United States Geological Survey (USGS) has been signed on July 09, 2016 for cooperation in the exchange and use of satellite remote sensing data.
  • Under this MoU, USGS is facilitating availability of data of Indian region using American remote sensing satellites viz. Landsat-7 and Landsat-8 to ISRO.
  • ISRO is facilitating availability of data of US region using Indian remote sensing satellite ‘Resourcesat-2’ to USGS.
  • The sharing of each other’s satellite remote sensing data provides enhanced frequency of earth observation data to both organisations.
  • The AWiFS payload(onboard Resourcesat-2) enables USGS to acquire earth observation data every 5 days. The Landsat satellites enable ISRO to acquire multi-spectral earth observation data including thermal data. These data sets help both countries to carry out applications in the field of natural resources inventory & management and disaster management support.

Green Building Performance Monitoring Platform -‘Arc’ Adopted by IGIA

{Environment}


Source: PIB

The Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA), Delhi has adopted first-of-its-kind Green Building Performance Monitoring Platform – ‘Arc’ developed by the US Green Building Council (USGBC) for Terminal 3, Delhi Airport.
The adoption of “Arc” is in line with the continued focus on Environment Sustainability and is aligned to make Delhi a Smart airport. Arc facility is already operational.


The first batch of new Post Office Passport Seva Kendras

{Governance}


Source: PIB

The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and the Department of Posts (DOP) announced on 24 January, 2017 their decision to utilize the Head Post Offices (HPO) in the various States as Post Office Passport Seva Kendra (POPSK) for delivering passport related services to the citizens of our country.

The objective of this partnership is to extend passport services on a larger scale and to ensure wider area coverage.

The pilot projects for this joint venture between MEA and DOP was inaugurated on 25 January, 2017 at the HPO at Mysuru in Karnataka and at the Post Office at Dahod in Gujarat.


17th International Seminar on “Counter-IED strategy”

{Security}


Source: PIB
The two-day 17th International Seminar on “Counter- Improvised Explosive Device (IED) strategy”, organized by the National Security Guard (NSG).

  • The theme of the seminar was“synergizing the National and International special forces to meet challenges of terrorism and IED”.

ACT Expo: 2017 was also organized at NSG Campus Manesar to enable the industries to showcase their latest equipment in the field of counter terrorism.


Launching of Advanced and Heaviest Spacecraft

{Science and Technology}


Source: PIB

  • The GSAT-11 with its lift-off mass of about 5600 Kg is the heaviest communication spacecraft to be launched in the year 2017.
  • GSAT-11 is planned to be launched using Ariane-5 launch vehicle.
  • GSAT-11 is a multi-beam satellite with 32 user beams and 8 hub beams operating over India in Ka/Ku bands employing frequency reuse technique. It will provide higher capacity for interactive applications using VSAT terminals compared to older generation three tonne INSAT/GSAT spacecrafts.

Enrolment of Non-Mechanical Propelled Vessels Under New Proposed Bill

{Environment}


Source: PIB

Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) being implemented with technical and financial assistance of the World Bank

  1. It envisages preparation of Disaster Management Plan (DMP)and Emergency Management Plan (EMP) to take care of the activities like navigation, terminal & jetty operation, oil spill, disaster contingency etc. after the commissioning of the project and while operating cargo and passengers vessels on National Waterway-1 (NW-1).
  2. The mechanically propelled inland vessels are governed by the Inland Vessels Act, 1917 (1 of 1917) and rules framed by State Governments have provisions for Life Saving Appliances to be kept on board.

New Bill:

  1. The new Inland Vessels Bill, 2017 also proposes for enrolment of non-mechanically propelled vessels by Local Self Administration and administering, enforcement and implementing its provisions in Part XIV by local self- governance.
  2. Prescribing basic minimum standards for construction and safety of non-mechanically propelled vessels are also envisaged in the proposed Bill.

Standard of Higher Educational Institutes

{Education}


Source: PIB

Improvement of standards of higher education and upgradation of infrastructure is an on-going endeavour and the Central Government has been making a constant effort in this direction

New initiatives:

  1. National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)
  2. Impacting Research Innovation & Technology (IMPRINT)
  3. Uchchatar Avishkar Yojna (UAY)
  4. Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN)
  5. Global Research Interactive Network (GRIN)
  6. The project Study Webs of Active-Learning for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM) is intended to provide massive open online courses (MOOCs) to the students across the country and thereby expanding the reach of best quality education to students using the ICT tools
  7. Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) has also been established to give a major push for creation of high quality infrastructure in premier educational institutions

UGC guidelines:

  • Under this an autonomous college will have the freedom to determine and prescribe its own course of study and syllabus
  • They can use modern tools of educational technology to achieve higher standards and greater creativity
  • The UGC undertakes maintenance of standards in teaching, research and quality assurance in Universities, Deemed to be Universities and Colleges through framing and notifying regulations, schemes and disbursing grants to the eligible institutions
  • The UGC has notified several regulations with a view to sustain and improve the quality of higher education and to undertake academic reforms such as the introduction of a semester system, the regular updating of curricula and Choice Based Credit Systems (CBCS)

All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE):

  • AICTE has taken measures of issuing the Regulations for Collaboration & Partnerships between Indian and Foreign Universities/Institutions in the field of Technical Education, Research and Training.
  • It has also notified Regulations making accreditation mandatory for all technical institutions.
  • AICTE has also launched Start-up Policy to promote students driven start-ups in AICTE approved Technical Institutions which also involves industry-academia interaction.

RUSA:

  • Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA).
  • Under RUSA, the overall quality of existing State higher educational institutions is sought to be improved by ensuring their conformity to prescribed norms and standards and adoption of accreditation as a mandatory quality assurance framework.
  • Certain academic, administrative and governance reforms are a precondition for receiving funding under RUSA.

Atlas for Visually Impaired (India)

{Digitalization}


Source :PIB

The Union Minister for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences the Special Edition of “Atlas for Visually Impaired (India)” in English Braille. This Braille Atlas has been prepared by National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation (NATMO) under Department of Science & Technology.

  • In the Braille Atlas, maps are raised and embossed with simple lines and point symbols to facilitate its users to realize the location and area coverage easily distinguishable in terms of shapes and textures.
  • The legend and reference is placed on the map in Braille script to navigate the map.
  • About 20 maps on different themes of physical, socio-economic and cultural aspects such as river system, natural vegetation, Metropolitan cities, Roads and Railways, Food crops and cash crops have been incorporated in the atlas with write-ups on every map as ready reference.

About NATMO:
National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation (NATMO) is the premier agency of applied Geo-Spatial technology and pioneer in Thematic Mapping and Atlas Cartography under Department of Science & Technology(Ministry of Science & Technology) engaged in preparing different thematic maps and atlases and other documents on national, state, district, block level and many other monograms.


The Cooperative Institution, IFFCO

{Agriculture}


Source :PIB

The Cooperative Institution, IFFCO in Motihari completed its 50 years of establishment

IFFCO:

  • IFFCO (Indian Farmers Fertilizers Cooperative) is one of the largest cooperative societies of India.
  • Its business is spread over from general insurance to rural telecommunication apart from manufacturing and sale of manure.
  • IFFCO is rendering its services to about 5.5 crores of farmers.
  • IFFCO has extended its international involvement through important memorandum of understanding and agreements for supply of raw materials to many international fertilizer industries.
  • IFFCO is working for the prosperity of the farmers after providing environment friendly and real time reliable, high quality agricultural products and services.
  • IFFCO is implementing several schemes and programmes for their welfare.

Government initiatives:

  • The government has formed NCDC (National Climatic Data Centre) keeping in view of the importance of cooperatives in rural economy.
  • It caters to the several dimensions and necessity of the cooperatives.
  • Cooperatives have provided direct and indirect employment to about 23.86 millions of people.
  • Cooperative societies have provided inputs like credit, fertilizer, seed and have established themselves in many fields of Indian economy such as dairy, banking, sugar, fertilizer, marketing, handloom, fisheries and housing.
  • The Ministry believes that cooperative societies should be made strong democratically.
  • By providing occupational services to the farm labourers, we will have to make the rural people strong.

Hunar Haat

{Governance}


Source : PIB

  • The second edition of Hunar Haath has begun in New Delhi.
  • It is beingorganized by the Minority Affairs Ministry to encourage, promote and provide national and international market to master artisans/craftsmen belonging to the Minority communities from across the country.
  • Theme: “Craft Aur Cuisine Ka Sangam”.
  • “Hunar Haat” is being organized through National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC) under USTTAD (Upgrading the Skills & Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development) scheme of Ministry of Minority Affairs.

The World Radio Day – Feb 13th

{Art & Culture}


Source : PIB

The World Radio Day is observed every year on 13th February to celebrate radio as the medium for entertainment, information and the mode for communication.
2017 Theme: “Radio is You”.
About World Radio Day 
The UNESCO at its 36th General Assembly in 2011 had proclaimed 13th February as World Radio Day. It was subsequently adopted as an International Day by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). On this day in 1946, United Nations Radio had transmitted (broadcasted) its first call sign. The first WRD was officially celebrated in 2012.


Government appoints Ajay Tyagi as new Sebi chief

{Governance}


Source : PIB

The Cabinet Committee on Appointments appointed Ajay Tyagi, an additional secretary in the finance ministry, as chairman of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)

  • Tyagi is a 1984 batch Indian Administrative Service officer of the Himachal Pradesh cadre
  • He will serve as the SEBI chief for five years or until the age of 65, whichever is earlier
  • Tyagi, who will be the ninth SEBI chairman, will take over from U.K. Sinha, the second-longest serving chief of the capital markets regulator after D.R. Mehta

About Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI):

  • SEBI is the statutory regulator for the securities market in India established in 1988. It was given statutory powers through the SEBI Act, 1992.
  • Mandate:Protect the interests of investors in securities, promote the development of securities market and to regulate the securities market. SEBI has is responsive to needs of three groups, which constitute the market, issuers of securities, investors and market intermediaries.
  • It has three functions:
  1. quasi-legislative (drafts regulations in its legislative capacity),
  2. quasi-judicial (passes rulings and orders in its judicial capacity)
  3. quasi-executive (conducts investigation and enforcement action in its executive function).Headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra.

National Productivity Week

{Economic Development}


Source : PIB

The National Productivity Day i
s observed every year on February 12. Besides, February 12-18 is observed as National Productivity week throughout the country. 

The main observance of day is organised by National Productivity Council (NPC) for encouraging all stakeholders in implementation of productivity tools and techniques with contemporary relevant themes. 

2017 Theme of National Productivity Week: “From Waste to Profits-through Reduce, Recycle and Reuse”.

About National Productivity Council (NPC):

  • NPC is a national level autonomous organization under Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, Ministry of Commerce & Industry to promote productivity culture in India.
  • It was established as a registered society on 12th February 1958 by the Government with aim to stimulate and promote productivity and quality consciousness across all sectors in the country.
  • It is a tri-partite non-profit organization (NGO) with equal representation from government, employers and workers’ organizations.
  • It also has representatives from technical and professional institutions including members from local productivity councils and chamber of commerce on its Governing Body.
  • It also implements the productivity promotion schemes of Government and carry out programmes of Tokyo based Asian Productivity Organization (APO), an inter-governmental body of which India is founder member.

New IMF Training and Technical Assistance Center (SARTTAC)

{Economic Development}


Source: PIB

New IMF Training and Technical Assistance Center (SARTTAC) was recently inaugurated in Delhi for Economic Capacity Building in South Asia.

Less than a year after IMF Managing Director Ms Christine Lagarde and the Finance Minister of India, Shri Arun Jaitley, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to establish a capacity development center for South Asia, the opening of SARTTAC marks a major milestone in the partnership between the IMF and its member countries in the region.

SARTTAC:

  • SARTTAC, the newest addition to the IMF’s global network of fourteen regional centers, is a new kind of capacity development institution, fully integrating customized hands-on training with targeted technical advice in a range of macroeconomic and financial areas, and generating synergies between the two.
  • SARTTAC is financed mainly by its six member countries — Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka —with additional support from Australia, the Republic of Korea, the European Union and the United Kingdom.
  • SARTTAC’s strategic goal is to help its member countries strengthen their institutional and human capacity to designand implement macroeconomic and financial policies that promote growth and reduce poverty.
  • SARTTAC will allow the IMF to meet more of the high demand for technical assistance and training from the region. Through its team of international resident experts, SARTTAC is expected to become the focal point for the delivery of IMF capacity development services to South Asia.

Ninth Phase of Science Express to Criss-Cross India – Ministry of Environment and Forests

{Environment}


Source: PIB

Science Express Climate Action Special (SECAS II)

  • SECAS II will be flagged off on February 17 at 11 a.m from Safdarjung Railway station in Delhi.
  • The SECAS II is a unique collaborative initiative of Department of Science & Technology (DST), Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC), Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Railways and Vikram A Sarabhai Community Science Centre (VASCSC).

Key facts:

  • Science Express, redesigned as SECAS, intends to contribute towards increasing understanding of the science of climate change, the observed and anticipated impacts, and different possible responses.
  • During its journey, the Science Express will cover over 19, 000 km, and will be exhibited at 68 stations across 20 states of the country. During this seven month journey, SECAS will roll into Tripura for the first time.

Science Express:

  • Science Express, redesigned as SECAS, intends to contribute towards increasing understanding of the science of climate change, the observed and anticipated impacts, and different possible responses.
  • It is an innovative mobile science exhibition mounted on a 16 coach AC train, which has been custom-built for Department of Science & Technology (DST) by Indian Railways.
  • This unique mobile exhibition was first launched in October 2007 by DST. Since then it has travelled across India eight times.
  • Science Express has become the largest, the longest running and the most visited mobile science exhibition. It has six entries in the Limca Book of Records.
  • The exhibition will convey a message about Climate Change and will also be a good opportunity to generate a dialogue and discussion. The state-of-the-art exhibition on board the SECAS aims to create awareness among various sections of society, as to how climate change can be combated through mitigation and adaptation.

Some of the broad themes of the coaches include – Underlying reasons for climate change, with a key message that the present change in the climate is due to human activities; international negotiations for climate change and focus on concept of lifestyle choices on what one can do to “Increase the Handprint and decrease your Footprint”.

Background:

  • Climate Change is an important environmental issue, with many short-term and long-term impacts.
  • From shifting weather patterns that threaten food production, to rising sea levels that increase the risk of catastrophic flooding, the impact of climate change are not just global in scope and unprecedented in scale, but they also severely affect more, the poor and marginalized people. However, there is very little understanding about climate change and its impact.

The central aim of the Paris Agreement is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change and to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change.


 

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