Press Information Bureau (PIB)- 08th Sept to 15th Sept, 2017

Press Information Bureau (PIB)- 08th Sept to 15th Sept, 2017 (CAO PIB Weekly Compilation)



Northeast calling festival in Delhi, B2B summit prime focus

{Governance}


Aims at promoting art, culture, heritage, cuisine, handicrafts, business and tourism of the seven sisters and Sikkim

  • The “North East Calling” event is being organised by the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), Government of India under its ‘Destination North East’ series of this year.
  • The purpose of the event is to promote the art, culture, heritage, cuisine, handicrafts, business and tourism of North East India.

Key facts:

  • The Business to Business (B2B) conference is also being organised during the event. On the occasion, three MoUs were also signed in the presence of the Minister.
  • The first MoU was signed between North East Tourism Development Council and the Yes Bank.
  • The other two MoUs were signed with the Ministry under Science & Technology Interventions in the North East Region (STINER) aiming at enabling STINER and promoting NISARGRUNA technology of BARC in bio-energy technology in association with Tripura State.
  • “North East Venture Fund’, a joint initiative of Ministry of DoNER and North Eastern Development Finance Corporation Ltd, that seeks to promote entrepreneurship and start-ups in the region.

NISARGRUNA Biogas plant – Based on Biodegradable waste resource

  • This plant can process biodegradable waste such as kitchen waste, paper, grass, gobar and dry leaves.
  • It offers Zero garbage and Zero effluent and provides high quality manure and methane gas.
  • Weedfree manure obtained from such waste has high nitrogen contents and acts as an excellent soil conditioner.
  • This plant could be set up for ecofriendly disposal of wet-waste generated in kitchens/canteens of big Hospitals/Hotels/Factories/residential complexes and can avoid health hazards due to dump sites.
  • This technology of biphasic biomethanation has high potential of solving the solid waste management problems of the urban areas and provides organic manure and bio-gas as a fuel.

Process:

  • The waste is first segregated carefully to remove non-biodegradable material and then homogenized to make a slurry. It is then processed in a sequential manner first by aerobic and then by anaerobic process. The products of the process are biogas consisting of methane, carbon dioxide and water vapor & weed free good quality manure. About 70% of Water can be recycled at the end of the process.

Biomethanation:

Biomethanation is a process by which organic material is microbiologically converted under anaerobic conditions to biogas. Three main physiological groups of microorganisms are involved: fermenting bacteria, organic acid oxidizing bacteria, and methanogenic archaea.


Successful Flight Test of 3rd Generation Anti Tank Guided Missile – NAG

{Science and Technology}


India’s indigenously developed 3rd generation Anti Tank Guided Missile (ATGM), Nag has been successfully flight tested twice by DRDO against two different targets in the ranges of Rajasthan.

  • The ATGM Nag missile has successfully hit both the targets under different ranges and conditions with very high accuracy as desired by the Armed Forces.
  • With these two successful flight trials, and the flight test conducted earlier in June in the peak of summer, the complete functionality of Nag ATGM along with launcher system NAMICA has been established and marked the successful completion of development trials of Nag Missile.

NAMICA (NAG Missile Carrier), Advanced NAG Variant, Anti-Tank Weapon:

  • This is considered the one of the ghost weapon developed by India as many of us don’t even know about it. It is the mainly the 3rd generation Nag “fire-and-forget” anti-tank missile developed in India that is mounted on BMP-2 tank. It is one of five missile systems developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).
  • NAMICA (Nag Missile Carrier) launch vehicle for the land version of the Nag a third generation, all weather, top-attack, fire-and-forget anti-tank missile with the Indian Army. It is based on the Sarath, the Indian built version of the Russian BMP-2 tracked infantry combat vehicle and this has a total of eight Nag ATGW in the ready to launch position, additional missiles being stowed inside. These can be reloaded from within the vehicle under full armour protection.
  • In addition to the tripod-mounted ground-based version of the Nag ATGW, there are at least three other versions – the self-propelled NAMICA and two helicopter-based versions. The latter will include the Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH).
  • NAMICA (NAG missile carrier)part of the Nag anti-tank missile system which is launched from a retractable armoured launcher that contains four launch tubes and the guidance package. “Nag” is a fire-and-forget top-attack ATGM with a tandem-HEAT warhead.

Features and Capabilities

  • NAMICA contains 8 Nag missiles in armoured box launchers and a further 8 more for reload with a complete optical and IR sensor suite to detect enemy tanks.
  • The missiles are work on fire and forget principle which increases their capability of hiting the target at even more than 5 kms of range.

Navika Sagar Parikrama

{Women’s Empowerment}


Defence Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman recently flagged-off all-women crew of Navika Sagar Parikrama at the INS Mandovi naval training base near Panaji.

  • The crew of the ‘Sagar Parikrama’ comprises of six-member all women team on board the sailing vessel INSV Tarini and will circumnavigate the globe in approximately 165 days.

Key facts:

  • This is the first ever Indian circumnavigation of the globe by an all-women crew. The project is considered essential towards promoting Ocean Sailing activities in the Navy while depicting Government of India’s thrust for ‘Nari Shakti’.
  • The expedition has been aptly titled ‘Navika Sagar Parikrama’, aimed at promoting women empowerment in the country and ocean sailing by the Indian Navy.
  • Navika Sagar Parikrama would cover the expedition in five legs with stop-overs at four ports (Fremantle, Australia; Lyttleton, New Zealand; Port Stanley, the Falklands; and Cape town, South Africa) for replenishment of ration and repairs as necessary, before returning to Goa in April 2018.

Aims of the Expedition are as follows:

  • Nari Shakti: In consonance with the National policy to empower women to attain their full potential, the expedition aims to showcase ‘Nari Shakti’ on the world platform. This would also help to discard the societal attitudes and mindset towards women in India by raising visibility of participation by women in challenging environment.
  • Environment and Climate Change: Sailing encourages the use of environment friendly non-conventional renewable energy resources which affects the life of women. The expedition thereby aims at harnessing the energy to optimise the livelihood of the women onboard.
  • Make in India: The voyage also aims to show case the ‘Make in India’ initiative by sailing onboard the indigenously built INSV Tarini.
  • Meteorological/ Ocean/ Wave Data Observation: The crew would also collate and update Meteorological/ Ocean/ Wave data on a daily basis for subsequent analysis by research and development organisations.
  • Marine Pollution: The crew would monitor and report marine pollution on the high seas.

Eastern Fleet Ships on Overseas Deployment to East and South-East Asia

 {International Relations}


Context:

  • India’s ‘Act East Policy’
  • The Indian Navy routinely undertakes deployment of ships to friendly nations.
  • The visit of Indian Naval Ships to East and South-East Asia underscores India’s peaceful presence and harmonious relations with the countries in the region.
  • The deployment aims to strengthen existing bonds between India and the regional countries.

Press release:

  • Two Indian Naval Ships proceeded on deployment to East and South-East Asia this year.
  • INS Satpura and INS Kadmatt departed Visakhapatnam today to visit 12 ports in Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Philippines, South Korea, Japan, Brunei and Russia.
  • During this deployment, the ships will participate in the International Fleet Review hosted by the Association of South East Asian Countries (ASEAN) at Thailand.
  • They will visit Singapore, Vietnam, Philippines, Cambodia and Brunei to commemorate the 25th anniversary of India-ASEAN dialogue.
  • The ships will also participate in the Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise at Malaysia.
  • At Russia, the ships will participate in the annual India-Russia bilateral exercise INDRA.

Key Fact:

  • INS Satpura and INS Kadmatt are both indigenously built warships.
  • INS Satpura, synonymous with the formidable mountain range in Central India, is a multi-role stealth frigate.
  • INS Kadmatt, named after an island in the beautiful Lakshadweep chain, is an Anti-Submarine Corvette.

Cabinet approves MoU between India and Morocco on cooperation in the field of health 

{International Relations}


Keypoints:

  • The Union Cabinet has given its approval for signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Morocco on cooperation in the field of health.
  • The MoU covers the following areas of cooperation:
    Non-communicable diseases, including child cardiovascular diseases and cancer;
    Drug Regulation and Pharmaceutical quality control;
    Communicable Diseases;
    Maternal, child and neonatal health;
    Hospital twinning for exchange of good practices;
    Training in administration and management of health services and Hospitals;
    Any other area of cooperation as may be mutually decided upon.
  • A Working Group will be set up to further elaborate the details of cooperation and to oversee the implementation of this MoU.

Cabinet approves MoU between India and Armenia on Cooperation in the field of Disaster Management 

 {International Relations} {Disaster Management}


Key points:

  • The Union Cabinet has given its approval for signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Armenia on Cooperation in the field of Disaster Management
    The MoU would enhance cooperation in the field of Disaster Management and contribute to the well-being and safety of the people of both the countries in the event of disaster.
  • It will also result in exchange of information in the relevant fields of disaster management which is of mutual interest.
    Further, the MoU will help in strengthening the areas of preparedness, response and capacity building.

Cabinet approves introduction of the Payment of Gratuity (Amendment) Bill, 2017 in the Parliament

{Public Policy}


Key points:

  • The Union Cabinet has given its approval for introduction of the Payment of Gratuity (Amendment) Bill, 2017 in the Parliament.
  • The Amendment will increase the maximum limit of gratuity of employees, in the private sector and in Public Sector Undertakings/ Autonomous Organizations under Government who are not covered under CCS (Pension) Rules, at par with Central Government employees.

Background:

  • The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 applies to establishments employing 10 or more persons.
  • The main purpose for enacting this Act is to provide social security to workmen after retirement, whether retirement is a result of the rules of superannuation, or physical disablement or impairment of vital part of the body.
  • Therefore, the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is an important social security legislation to wage earning population in industries, factories and establishments.
  • The present upper ceiling on gratuity amount under the Act is Rs. 10 Lakh.
  • The provisions for Central Government employees under Central Civil Services (Pension) Rules, 1972 with regard to gratuity are also similar.
  • However, with implementation of 7th Central Pay Commission, in case of Government servants, the ceiling now is Rs. 20 Lakhs effective from 1.1.2016.
  • Therefore, considering the inflation and wage increase even in case of employees engaged in private sector, the Government is of the view that the entitlement of gratuity should be revised for employees who are covered under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.

Cabinet approves implementation of the scheme “Dairy Processing & Infrastructure Development Fund”

{Public Policy}


Context:

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister has approved a Dairy Processing & Infrastructure Development Fund” (DIDF).
  • Consequent to the Union Budget 2017-18 announcement, Dairy Processing & Infrastructure Development Fund will be set up as a corpus of Rs 8004 crore with National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).
  • The end borrowers will get the loan @ 6.5% per annum. The period of repayment will be 10 years with initial two years moratorium.

The major activities of DIDF:

  • The project will focus on building an efficient milk procurement system by setting up of chilling infrastructure & installation of electronic milk adulteration testing equipment, creation/modernization/expansion of processing infrastructure and manufacturing faculties for Value Added Products for the Milk Unions/ Milk Producer Companies.

Management of DIDF:

  • The project will be implemented by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) and National Dairy Development Cooperation (NCDC) directly through the End Borrowers such as Milk Unions, State Dairy Federations, Multi-state Milk Cooperatives, Milk Producer Companies and NDDB subsidiaries meeting the eligibility criteria under the project.
  • An Implementation and Monitoring Cell (IMC) located at NDDB, Anand, will manage the implementation and monitoring of day-to-day project activities.

Benefits from DIDF:

  • With this investment, 95,00,000 farmers in about 50,000 villages would be benefitted.
  • Additional Milk processing capacity of 126 lakh litre per day, milk drying capacity of 210 MT per day, milk chilling capacity of 140 lakh litre per day, installation of 28000 Bulk Milk Coolers (BMCs) along with electronic milk adulteration testing equipment and value added products manufacturing capacity of 59.78 lakh litre per day of milk equivalent shall be created.

Employment Generation Potential:

  • The implementation of DIDF scheme will generate direct and indirect employment opportunities for skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled manpower.
  • Direct employment opportunities for about 40,000 people will be created under the scheme through project activities like expansion & modernisation of existing milk processing facilities, setting up of new processing plants, establishment of manufacturing facilities for value added products and setting up of Bulk Milk Coolers (BMCs) at village level.
  • About 2 lakh indirect employment opportunities will be created on account of expansion of milk and milk product marketing operations from existing Tier I, II & III to Tier IV, V & VI cities/towns etc.
  • This will lead to deployment of more marketing staff by Milk Cooperatives, appointment of distributors and opening of additional milk booths/retail outlets in urban/rural locations.
  • With the increase in milk procurement operations of the Milk Cooperatives, there would be generation of additional manpower employment for supervision of increased milk procurement operations, transportation of milk from villages to processing units, and increased input delivery services like Artificial Insemination (AI) services, Veterinary Services, etc.

WCD Ministry invites nominations for Nari Shakti Puraskar 2017

 {Women’s Empowerment}


The Ministry of Women & Child Development has invited nominations for the Nari Shakti Puraskars 2017. Government of India confers the “Highest Civilian Honor for Women” on International Women’s Day, 8th March, every year by presenting “Nari Shakti Puraskars”.

Key facts:

  • The objective of the award is to acknowledge and recognize the services of individuals and institutions who have made a lasting contribution to women’s empowerment.
  • The awards are also an effort to recognize role models who act as torch bearers for the younger generation and catalysts of change in the lives of women and society at large.
  • Through Nari Shakti Puraskar, Government of India reaffirms its commitment towards strengthening women’s position in the society.
  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development is seeking nominations from individuals and institutions who have displayed outstanding work preferably in exceptional circumstances towards economic and social empowerment of women, effective implementation of women related legislations, gender mainstreaming, etc.

Conference on “Sustainable Landscapes & Forest Ecosystems: Theory to Practice”

Environment Minister launches “Wood is Good” Campaign

{Environment} {Climate Change}


Emphasising the need to create an enabling environment through small steps such as planting more trees, Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, that new and innovative ways must be thought of, to bring more areas under forest and tree cover.

  • Inaugurating a two-day conference on “Sustainable landscapes and forest ecosystems: Theory to Practice”, the Environment Minister urged the gathering to deliberate and come out with out-of-the-box ideas and solutions on increasing the forest cover much beyond the stipulated 33 per cent.

Key facts:

  • Reiterating the Government’s commitment to increase the country’s forest cover from 24% to 33% of the geographical area and creating an additional carbon sink of 5 to 3 billion tons of CO2 equivalent in forests, as reflected in Nationally Determined Contribution, that the target is proposed to be achieved through a number of planned afforestation drives and initiatives.
  • The Minister advocated the balancing of environmental and developmental concerns and also urged the gathering of scientists and foresters to devise a solution to the problem of weeds.
  • MoEF launched the “Wood is Good” campaign on the occasion. Wood is a climate-friendly material, as it is a renewable resource, having zero carbon footprint.

Partnership:

  • The Partnership for Land Use Science (Forest-Plus) is a joint programme by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) to strengthen capacity for REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) implementation in India.
  • The programme brings together experts from India and the United States to develop technologies, tools and methods of forest management to meet the technical challenges of managing forests for the health of ecosystem, carbon stocks, biodiversity and livelihood.
  • Some of the objectives of the conference include – exploring issues and opportunities for ecosystem approach to land management in India; discussing how the approaches and tools developed under the Forest-PLUS programme can be used to improve forest management in India and to document and disseminate that learning with a wider group.

USAID: United States Agency for International Development

  • USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential.
  • S. foreign assistance has always had the twofold purpose of furthering America’s interests while improving lives in the developing world. USAID carries out U.S. foreign policy by promoting broad-scale human progress at the same time it expands stable, free societies, creates markets and trade partners for the United States, and fosters good will abroad.

Spending less than 1 percent of the total federal budget, USAID works in over 100 countries to:

-Promote broadly shared economic prosperity;

-Strengthen democracy and good governance;

-Protect human rights;

-Improve global health,

-Advance food security and agriculture;

-Improve environmental sustainability;

-Further education;

-Help societies prevent and recover from conflicts; and

-Provide humanitarian assistance in the wake of natural and man-made disasters.

REDD +:

  • REDD+   –Reducing Emissions by Deforestation and Degradation It aims to incentivize developing countries to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, conserve forest carbon stocks, sustainably manage forests and enhance forest carbon stocks.
  • The United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries was launched in 2008 and builds on the convening role and technical expertise of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  • The UN-REDD Programme supports nationally led REDD+ processes and promotes the informed and meaningful involvement of all stakeholders, including indigenous peoples and other forest-dependent communities, in national and international REDD+ implementation.

REDD+ and sustainable co-benefits REDD+ is not only about climate change. Other goals, known as ‘co-benefits’ (i.e., benefits in addition to reduced climate change) are also important. There are at least four types of co-benefits to consider.

  1. First, forest conservation, in addition to storing carbon, provides other ecosystem services, such as preserving biodiversity.
  2. Second, REDD+ actions (e.g., financial flows) and forest conservation might have socio-economic benefits, such as reducing poverty, supporting livelihoods and stimulating economic development.
  3. Third, REDD+ actions may spark political change toward better governance, less corruption, and more respect for the rights of vulnerable groups.
  4. Fourth, REDD+ actions and forest conservation could boost the capacity of both forests and humans to adapt to climate change.

Implementing policies that protect and restore ecosystem carbon can bring biodiversity and ecosystem.

Forest-PLUS:

  • USAID Forest-PLUS is a bilateral program between India and the U.S. to develop solutions for sustainable forest land use in India.
  • The program, in partnership with the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), prepares India to implement successfully Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), an international mechanism for climate change mitigation, livelihoods improvement, and biodiversity protection.

SWACHHTA’ Ranking – 2017 of Higher Educational Institutions

 {Social issue}


Objective:

  • Save water & electricity, promote cleanliness and manage waste for Smart Campus –

Keypoints:

  • An award ceremony based on ‘SWACHHTA’ Ranking 2017 of Higher Educational Institutions was held in New Delhi today.
  • An exercise to rank Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) on the basis of cleanliness and hygiene has been undertaken and concluded.
  • Parameters for a clean campus were formulated, like student/toilet ratio, kitchen hygiene, availability of running water, modernity of toilet & kitchen equipment, campus green cover, garbage disposal in hostels and academic buildings, disposal techniques, water supply systems and also a certain weightage to whether the institutions has adopted any neighbouring locality or village to spread awareness & activities in Swachhta.
  • Clusters of villages have been adopted by certain HEIs under the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan programme in consultation with District Collectors.
  • All Collectors and HEIs under the programme were invited to participate in the Best Collector & HEI Award by converting, before 31st August 2017, One Village into Open Defecation Free, with solid and liquid waste facility.

List of MoUs/Agreements signed during the visit of Prime Minister of Japan to India

 {International Relations}


S. No.MemorandumsDescription
A. Disaster Risk Management
1MOC between the Ministry of Home Affairs, of the Government of the Republic of India and the Cabinet Office of the Government of JapanAims to cooperate and collaborate in the field of disaster risk reduction and to share the experiences, knowledge and policies on disaster prevention.
B. Skills Development
2MoC in the field of Japanese Language Education in India between MEA and MOFA, JapanTo further strengthen bilateral relations and cooperation in the field of Japanese language education in India
C. Connectivity
3India Japan Act East ForumTo enhance connectivity and promote developmental projects in the North Eastern Region of India in an efficient and effective manner
D. Economic & Commercial
4Arrangement between India Post and Japan Post on Administrative Instruction for the Implementation of Cool EMS serviceAims at implementing the commercial arrangement of “Cool EMS” service between the Japan Post and India Post through which fresh food can be sent from Japan to India in cool boxes to facilitate for the Japanese expatriates in India
E. Investment (Gujarat)
5India-Japan Investment Promotion Road map between DIPP and METITo facilitate and accelerate the Japanese investments in India
6MOC between METI and the State of Gujarat on ‘Japan-India special programme for Make In India’ in Mandal Bechraj-Khoraj in GujaratTo Cooperate in infrastructure development programmes in the Mandal Bechraj-Khoraj region

 

F. Science & Technology
7.Agreement for International joint exchange programme between interdisciplinary theoretical and mathematical sciences programme (iTHEMS), RIKEN and National Centres for Biological Sciences (Simons-NCBS)To establish a Joint Exchange Program to identify and foster talented young scientists from both the countriesto collaborate in the field of theoretical biology
8Joint Research Contract between National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology (AIST), Japan and Department of Biotechnology (DBT)To conduct joint research and to establish an
International Center named as “DBT-AISTInternational CENter for Translational & Environmental Research (DAICENTER)” at AIST, Japan in order to promote science and technology in both the institutions and countries.
9MOU Between DBT and National Institute of Advanced Science & Technology (AIST)To promote research collaboration between DBT Research Institutes and AIST in the field of Life Science and Biotechnology
G. Sports
10MoU on International Academic and Sports Exchange between Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education (LNIPE)and Nippon Sports Science University, Japan (NSSU)To facilitate and deepen international education cooperation and exchanges between Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education, India and Nippon Sport Science University, Japan
11MoU on International Academic and Sports Exchange between Sports Authority of India and Nippon Sports Science University, Japan (NSSU)To facilitate and deepen international education cooperation and exchanges between both Sports Authority of India and Nippon Sport Science University , Japan
12LETTER OF INTENT between Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education (LNIPE) and University of Tsukuba, JapanTo strengthen strategic collaboration, joint research programme and exchanges betweenLakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education, India and University of Tsukuba, Japan
13LETTER OF INTENT between Sports Authority of India and University of Tsukuba, JapanTo strengthen strategic collaboration, joint research programme and exchanges betweenUniversity of Tsukuba, Japan and Sports Authority of India
H. Academics/Think Tank
14MoU between RIS and IDE-JETRO for promotion of Cooperation in Research Related ActivitiesTo promote institutional cooperation between RIS and IDE-JETRO to strengthen the capacity of researchand effectiveness of dissemination of research findings
  
I. Civil Aviation
 15Exchange of RoD on Civil Aviation Cooperation (Open Sky) It opens skies between India and Japan i.e. Indian and Japanese carriers can mount now unlimited number of flights to the selected cities of each other’s countries.

 


 

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